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Testing in the age of distraction - the importance of (de)focus in testing
Transcript of Testing in the age of distraction - the importance of (de)focus in testing
Zeger Van Hese
pie chart of procrastination
(c) Demetri Martin, 2007
continuous partial attention
attention = zero-sum game
"Anyone can do any amount of work, provided it isn't the work
he is supposed to be doing
at that moment."
(Robert Benchley, 1949)
Theory of structured procrastination
"To be a high achiever, always work on something important, using it as a way to avoid doing something that's even more important."
(Ig Nobel prize winner John Perry, 2011)
Procrastination often leads to learning
Most of our learning is a side effect
Thank you for your atten...
Zeger Van Hese
rather, serial tasking
It's not INFORMATION OVERLOAD
It's FILTER FAILURE
- Clay Shirky -
We are wired for distraction
a thin line
"Might as well face it, I'm addicted to likes"
"Secrets of a buccaneer-scholar"
James Bach, 2009
create mental space
have a relaxing effect
help to regain focus
make you lose track
e.g. : M&M's
* Likelihood of "receptiveness"
how different it is from the task being distracted from
High brain load
mind-wandering promotes creativity
"chance favors the connected mind"
"Where good ideas come from"
Steven Johnson - TED talk, 2010
(old Chinese proverb)
We are a daydreaming species
Neural Reactivation Links Unconscious Thought to Decision Making Performance.
Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2013
(J. D. Creswell, J. K. Bursley, A. B. Satpute)
‘Inattention blindness' due to brain load
UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, July 2012
(Nilli Lavie, UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience)
the beauty of disconnection
StayFocusd (Chrome extension)
- VirtuaWin (Windows)
- Spaces (Mac)
(10+2)*5 procrastination hack
(for easily divisible, analytical tasks)
Session-Based Test Management (SBTM)
- group features together
- defects & questions later
- prepare / setup
- block time
"Anything not worth doing is not worth doing right"
(a.k.a. Cary's Crap Caution)
- clear set of goals and progress
3 conditions for flow
flow - a paradox for testers
- suspending critical abilities
- the opiate of expertise
- clear and immediate feedback
- good balance between challenge and skills
Where do you get your best ideas?
"Is Noise Always Bad? Exploring the Effects of Ambient Noise on Creative Cognition"
Journal of Consumer Research, Vol. 39, No. 4, December 2012
(Ravi Mehta, Rui Zhu, and Amar Cheema)
- low (50 dB) to moderate (70 dB) level of ambient noise
enhances performance on creative tasks.
- high level of noise ( >85 dB) hurts creativity
"Inspired by Distraction: Mind Wandering Facilitates Creative Incubation"
Journal of the Association for Psychological Science, 2012
Benjamin Baird, Jonathan Smallwood, Michael D. Mrazek, Julia W. Y. Kam
- virtually attend testing conferences
- sounding board
- facilitates connection in real life
defocus = natural reflex
- often fed by distractions
testers are athletes too!
solving complex testing problems
defocusing in testing
creative thinking needs defocus
knowledge work doesn't always look like work
“Follow Your Energy”
“Get a ”
Work with your circadian rhythm
(c) James Bach, 2009
(c) Zeger Van Hese, 2013
- leaving breadcrumbs
Source: "Power sleep: the revolutionary program that prepares yor mind for peak performance"
James Maas, 1998
“Our life is frittered away by detail...
simplify, simplify, simplify.”
(Henry David Thoreau, 1854)
"More Secrets of Consulting: The Consultant's Tool Kit" Jerry Weinberg, 2001
"A Wandering Mind Is an Unhappy Mind"
Matthew A. Killingsworth, Daniel T. Gilbert - Harvard
pro-tip: "don't tweet & quit"
The To-Not-Do List
- essential cognitive tool
- facilitates bursts of creative insight
- ideas typically don’t occur when we’re focused on tasks
easier to effectively ignore irrelevant distractions
- perfect condition for creative thought
managing focus = important testing skill
switching between thinking styles
think critically => be focused
think creatively => embrace defocus
processing becomes selective
sharpen your note taking skills
creativity needs time
to unfold in unpredictable ways