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Mental Illness

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Stephanie Fletcher

on 17 May 2015

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Transcript of Mental Illness

How do you run away from
things that are in your head?
The exact cause of schizophrenia is unknown, however research has shown there are some factors which may contribute to its development. Having a family history of schizophrenia is a risk factor. The other key contributors are environmental causes such as viruses, toxins and excessive stress. Stress triggers the body to develop more cortisol, which which increases the chance of schizophrenia occurring (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Percentage of Population
Beware of the Heartless,
who make your heart beat quickly.
They're just using your heart
because theirs wont start.
Mental Illness
Not every disability is visible.

Diagnostic tools such as Psychopathy checklist {PCL, PCL-R} created by Robert D. Hare and a Psychopathic Personality Inventory {PPI} (Linienfeld & Andrews, 1996) were created to determine a patients score in emotion and impulsiveness, enabling diagnoses with one of the two classes of disorders, Cleckleyan or Criminal (Camp et al, 2013) as well as testing for the Primary & Secondary divergent factors, as per Karpman B. 1941, (Patrick 2013, p. 175 Handbook of psychopathy) to judge which cause is more plausible.
Symptoms can be identified as physical and emotional. This includes fatigue, blaming self, weight loss/gain, withdrawing from others, relying on alcohol and sedatives.
Serious cases prolong to suicide. (Beyond Blue, 2014)


The most common treatments are medication and psychotherapy. (Nimh, page 11, 2011)

Contacting your local doctor or community health centre to get the right treatment. Counselling/therapy support. Medications such as anti depressants (Sane, 2014). Online services are available to seek information and advice (Beyond Blue, Life Line) (Sane, 2014).
Percentage of Population
Depressive disorders are the most common identifiable risk factor for suicide (Head Space, 2014)

There is no cure for schizophrenia. However antipsychotic medication improves the long-term well-being of an individual. After 10 years of medication, 3/4 of those treated made moderate to considerable improvements. The key to improvement is starting treatment early (Treatment Advocacy Center, 2015).
Individuals with schizophrenia tend to avoid socialising; this can lead to difficulties forming meaningful relationships. Strong relationships can be quite tested with schizophrenic symptoms, however there is hope for these people. With treatment, syptoms do improve over time, and surrounded by close friends and/or spouses, an induvidual with schizophrenia can live a happy and fulfilling life (WebMD, 2015).
Self-interest and material value treatments have been favourably recognized, but due to most individuals being ‘treatment resistant’ or manipulative, treatment programs have been unsuccessful. (Patrick C. J. 2013, p. 556 Handbook of Psychopathy)
Richard Leonard 'The Iceman' Kuklinski
The causes of Psychopathy are controversial as there are many theories based on ongoing research. Criminologists seem to think that it may be a combination of environmental and genetic precursors. (Blonigen, 2008)

Using Neuroimaging research there have been a variety of structural deficits found in adults with psychopathy. With regards to adolescents the findings were to do with increased and decreased brain tissue volumes in different sections of the brain. (Yang et al 2015).

Farrington and Loeber, 1999, depicted that bad parenting techniques lead to delinquency and thus deeming social and interpersonal relationships a precursor to behaviour foundations. (Patrick C.J. 2013, p. 233)

Psychopaths are masters of manipulation and are profound actors, they learnt how to manipulate individuals into doing/being what they want, all in aid of self-gratification.

Negative emotional and psychological implications are what remains after being in any kind of relationship with a psychopath, not to mention physical, social and perhaps financial abuse (Aftermath: surviving psychopathy foundation, 2011)
Percentage of population
Psychopaths only take up 1% in the USA male population, but a staggering 15-25% of incarcerated males have been diagnosed.

78% of imprisoned Psychopaths are there due to violent crimes.

Psychopaths are responsible for 50% of officers killed in the line of duty. (Kent et al, 2014)
Depression interferes with with ability to function (Black dog Institute, 2013, para 2)
1/5 Woman and 1/8 Men suffer from depression at some time in their life. (White cloud, 2012)

Depression is the leading cause of non-fatal disability in Australia, with less than 50% receiving medical care (Beyond Blue, 2014).
Depression - affected 6% (ABS, 2008)
Schizophrenia can develop at any age, however most cases happen between 16-30.

Approximately 1.1% of the population have the illness.

This means that 1 out of every 100 people will develop it at some point in their lives (Treatment Advocacy Centre, 2015).
There are five types of symptoms an individual with schizophrenia can experience. The most common are delusions and hallucinations; which are sounds, feelings or ideas an individual may have despite there being strong evidence against it.
Disorganised speech and behaviour may also be prevalent. This is characterised by behaviours which have no purpose, and speaking illogically (Smith, Segal, 2015).

Aftermath: surviving psychopathy foundation, 2011, The aftermath of psychopathy as experienced by: romantic partners, family members and other victims.
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). One in five Australians have a mental illness: A. Australia, 2010, Retrieved from
Better Health (2015) State Government of Victoria, Better Health (2015) Depression: Overview. retrieved from
Beyond Blue, (2014) Depression and Anxiety: What causes depression retrieved from:
Beyond Blue, Life Line (Sane, 2014) Sane Australia Organisation(2014) Depression: treatment retrieved from
Black dog Institute, 2013, para 2, Depression and Bipolar Disorder Information Australia: Depression retrieved from
Blonigen D. M.; Hicks B.M.; Krueger R.F.; Patrick C.J.; Lacono W.G. 2008, Psychopathic personality traits: heritability and genetic overlap with internalizing and externalizing psychopathology
Camp J.P.; SkeemJ.L.; Barchard K.; Lilienfeld S.O.; Poythress N.G., 2013, Psychopathic predators? Getting specific about the relation between psychopathy and violence.
Frese, P. et. Al. (2014). Schizophrenia and Relationships. Retrieved from
Head Space (2014) Depression: retrieved from:
Kiehl K.A. & Hoffman M.B., 2014, The criminal psychopath: History, Neuroscience, Treatment and Economics
Liienfield S.O. & Andrews B.P., 1996, Development and Preliminary validation of a self-report measure of psychopathic traits in non-criminal populations
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2015). Risk Factors. Retrieved from
Naim, 2013, page 11, Duckworth, K (2013) NAMI, the National Alliance on Mental Illness, Mental illness: what you need to know. Retrieved from
Nimh, page 11, 2011, National Institute of Mental Health, (2011). Depression: retrieved from:
Patrick C.J; 2013, Handbook of psychopathy , chapter 9 page 175, 233,556
Quote 'Beware of the heartless, who make your heart beat quickly. They're just using your heart because theirs wont start.
Quote 'How do you run away from things that are in your head?
Quote 'not every disability is visible'
Smith, M. Segal, J. (2015). Understanding Schizophrenia. Retrieved from
Treatment Advocacy Centre. (2015). Schizophrenia - Fact Sheet. Retrieved from
WebMD (2005) Causes of depression retrieved from:
White Cloud (2012) The White Cloud Foundation (2011) Depression: Facts. retrieved from:
Yang Y.; Narr K.L.; Baker L.A.; Joshi S.H.; Jahanshad N.; Raine A.; Thompson P.M., 2015, Frontal and striatal alterations associated with psychopathic traits in adolescents.

Pictures & video's
Barbara Kuklinski Children, The iceman, photograph retrieved from:
Big Think, Are you dating a psychopath?, Kevin Dutton, 2013,Video retrieved from:
Connie Jakob, cultural rebel, Women’s Vulnerability Series: A woman who overcame her mental illness, artwork retrieved from
Depression overview Slideshow [Image]. (n.d) Retrieved from: <>

Mental Illness
COMM1003 2015 Group 16, Wiki 5 consisted of 3 students that put together a presentation of the topic which is usually swept under the carpet. Using Metzger, 2007 checklist they were able to verify that all information in this presentation came from authentic and reliable sources.
The presentation delivers information about some mental illnesses that affect today’s society. Aside from informing the viewer of the symptoms and causes experienced by victims of the illness, the presentation sheds light on what it may be like to experience some sort of relationship with the individuals.

To Conclude...
Although the internet is abundant with information on the said topic, it is imperative to use guidelines set out in ‘Making sense of credibility on the web, Models for evaluating online information and recommendations for future research’ (Metzger, 2007) as this enables the researcher to collect accurate and current information. Using Metzger’s checklists, we were able to collect credible information and hence were able to accurately inform the viewer of what an individual suffering from a mental illness experiences and the help available.
Major depression is also known as clinical depression, major depressive illness and unipolar mood disorder. (Naim, 2013, page 11)

family history/genetics, Physical and Sexual abuse, trauma, low self esteem financial and relationship problems. Medical conditions and Psychological disorders is a contribution. (WebMD, 2005
Robin Williams (1951 -2014)
Depression not only effects the patients but also family and friends. Seeking support if the situation becomes out of your hands to control. Don’t take depression behaviours personally. Stay on track with your own life and seek support (Better Health, 2015)
The difference between you and me is, when you wake up your nightmare ends.
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