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Roman Republic

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Angelica Salazar

on 11 April 2014

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Transcript of Roman Republic

Political institutions
Social classes
Roman Army
Political Institutions of Rome
Using the information given in the page 157 built a comparative chart of the Executive, Legislative, Judicial, Legal code and Citizenship of Rome and Colombia.
Then answer this questions:
*What similarities do you see in the governments of the Roman Republic and Colombia?
* Which government seems more democratic? Why?
* Monarchy + aristocracy + democracy = Roman policies and political form of government

Consuls: Army and directed the government. It was like a king, but with limited power = 1 year

Senate: Aristocratic branch of Roman government
Administrative and legislative. Upper classes of Rome formed it. 300 old magistrates. Functionality of the constitution. Foreign and domestic policies.

Magistrates: Ruled the government for a year. Political and judicial power --> Consuls, Praetors and Censors
Assemblies: Democratic side of the government. Plebeians
Social classes of
Roman Republic
Citizens with land
Certain public officers: 10 years
Political characteristics of the Republic
* Republic = "form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders. In Rome, citizenship with voting rights was granted only to free-born male citizens" (World History, 2012: 156)
*Citizens will struggled for the power --> Patricians vs. Plebeians
*Before 451 BC the laws were unwritten = Different interpretations of the law, I can change the law to my own benefit.
*In this stage the plebeians create the "Twelve Tables" = One interpretation of the law
*The political structure of Rome was aristocracy

Powerful families with political rights and landowners
People who worked for the plebeians and slaves that bought their liberty. No political rights
Free people
The Roman Army
Legions: Large military units
Trade + Conquest (Military)
Conquest of the Mediterranean Sea and of the Italian Peninsula
* 256 BC Conquest of the South of the Italian Peninsula

*Commercial network with the Mediterranean --> Wine and olive foods, raw materials, and manufactured goods.

* Other powerful cities interfered the commercial network of Rome = Carthage (Cartago)

* Punic Wars: Rome vs. Carthage (264 - 146 BC)
Roman Republic
* Patricians: Wealthy landowners, inherited the power and social status. Citizens of Rome with the right to vote. They occupied the high political positions

* Plebeians: Common peasant, merchants and artisans. The were the majority of the population. Citizens of Rome with the right to vote. By law the couldn't have high political positions. They formed their own assembly called Tribunes --> Protected the rights of the plebeians.
Source: World History
Patterns of Interaction.
Orlando: Houghton
Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company,
2012: 157.
* In time of crisis the Republic could appoint a dictator (leader with absolute power: laws and army) only for six months
Slaves, gladiators, children of slaves and people who could not payed their debts
Infantry - Cavalry
Free Roman people with political rights limited
Century - Small division of 80 man
in the legion
Roman Army
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