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Africa

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Marie Hakeman

on 3 September 2013

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Transcript of Africa

Great Oral Tradition
*Griot-storyteller, entertainer, and historian. Will memorize family history.

-Pass down traditions from generation to generation.
-An American writer met a griot who had memorized the entire story of a village.
Africa
By: Marie, Olivia, Braidon, and Miranda
History
Africa is seperated into many different regions
tradeing empire
people
who wants control
Songhai Empire
Significant Moments
High and Low Points in African Culture
Important People
European Slave Trade
Europeans were impressed with African agriculture
they though Africans would work good in American sugar plantations
20 million slaves traded
slave trade made Africa an easy target for colonialism
Second Punic War
Carthage and the Roman Republic
Carthaginian military opposition to Rome
part of war fought in Africa
Rome won because Carthage was forced to
peace
Rome gains control of Mediterranean



http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://explorethemed.com/Images/Maps/PWars2_936.jpg&imgrefurl=http://explorethemed.com/punic2.asp&h=412&w=936&sz=121&tbnid=oFkNdohrYoFGxM:&tbnh=59&tbnw=133&zoom=1&usg=__aD_G_BUsw9UBpACiig7fH-ZG68s=&docid=Pf8mSb-iCjavIM&sa=X&ei=dWkfUtL-HM78qgHcoICADw&ved=0CEAQ9QEwBA&dur=9
The Nok
Diamond Mine in Botswana
big diamond mine found in Botswana
used to be one of the poorest countries in the world
helped economic growth
became prosperous
made roads, hospitals and schools with money from mine
-Village in Westeren Africa
-Discovered the mysteries of iorn
-Found out that iron can easily conduct heat and can be molded.
-Major technological achievement
Carthage
Dido- Legendary queen, first of carthage
Hanno- A great exploror of Carthage
hanno- A great general and leader
Hannibal- Greatest general
St. Augustine- Important figure of christianity
Septimus Severous- Born in Africa, Emperor of Rome.
http://www.israelidiamond.co.il/english/showPicEng.aspx?name=letseng3_hires-2466873.jpg
Myths
Traditions
The Gift of a Cow Tail Switch
A father went out to hunt, but he never came back. The boys went looking for him, and then they reassembled his bones and flesh, and he came back to life. The boys saved their father. These boys could be considered heroes, because they brought their father back to life. This relates to their culture because their family and hunting is very important to them.

http://www.storyarts.org/library/nutshell/stories/gift.html
-Music is a form of communication
-Songs accompany every activity
-Most important instrument is the drum.
-Expresses people's moods and brings out their emotions.
-Masks worn while dancing have religious origins
-Represents a spirit
-Believed that the spirit possesses the dancer who wears the mask
-Music, dancing, and art are the main forms of communication.

People

Customs
Nelson Mandela- Fight against apartheid in South Africa
Cleopatra VII- Queen of Egypt, Tried to defend from Rome
Haile Selassie- Emperor of ethiopia in 1930, inspriational figure of independence.
-Family is most important
-Relfected in every African custom
-Children learn at a young age how to become a good member of their tribe.
"Story Arts | Stories in a Nutshell | The Gift of a Cow Tail Switch." Story Arts | Stories in a Nutshell | The Gift of a Cow Tail Switch. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://www.storyarts.org/library/nutshell/stories/gift.html>.

Culture
-Changes throughout each country, tribe, and ethnic group.
Africa has 11 official languages.
-Home to the oldest artwork ever found.
-Very diverse
Famous Athletes


There are many poems and songs about Liongo many of them are wedding songs. He was born in one of 7 towns who all claim his birth. He could not be killed by weapons but only by a needle. He was king of Ozi. King sultan tried to get rid of him. He chained him up but Liongo got away and lived in the mainlands. Later the king had made a archery test maid to entrap him but he escaped again. So the king decided to offer his own daughter’s hand in marriage so as to tie the hero to his family. He later had a child who later betrayed his father and killed him.
http://www.a-gallery.de/docs/mythology.htm

Why There is War
-Full of minerals, rich resources, and fertile land.
-Everyone wants to trade with them.
"African Mythology - Myths and Beliefs from Africa." African Mythology - Myths and Beliefs from Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Aug. 2013.
Corruption
Liongo hero of the Swahili and Pokomo peoples of eastern Kenya.
The Lion and the Mouse
A mouse was playing by a lion, then the lion used its claw and picked it up. The lion let the mouse go becuase the mouse said he would be able to help the lion someday, but the lion only laughed. Later, the lion gets stuck in a trap, and the mouse chews the sting to let him free.
The mouse was a hero to the lion, becuase if the didn't help the lion get out the owner of the trap would have killed the lion.
http://amedja.tripod.com/the_lion_46.html
"The Lion and the Mouse - African Legends." The Lion and the Mouse - African Legends. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Aug. 2013.
-A lot of them are upset with their leaders
-President of Liberia said she underestimated the level of corruption when she came into office.
-Traders have created their own booming economies
-One citizen said that if people trusted their government more, then they would maybe consider paying taxes.
"Africa is not poor, it is poorly managed."
Bibliography

"Africa." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2013. Web. 28 Aug.


"Africa." History of. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

"Africa." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 28 Aug. 2013


"African Mythology - Myths and Beliefs from Africa." African Mythology - Myths and Beliefs from Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Aug. 2013.

"African Traditions." African Traditions. Travel Guide to Victoria Falls, n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2013.


"Ancient Africa." Ancient Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2013.


Doyle, Mark. "Why Is the African Continent Poor?" BBC News. BBC, 24 Aug. 2009. Web. 29 Aug. 2013.

Gill, N.S. "Augustine." About.com Ancient / Classical History. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.


"Mali." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

Nacero, Jo. "Diamonds Are Forever in Botswana." New York TImes. N.p., 9 Aug. 2008. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <https://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/09/business/worldbusiness/09nocera.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0>.

Pettinger, Tejvan. "Famous African People Who Changed the World." Famous African People Who Changed The World. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

"Story Arts | Stories in a Nutshell | The Gift of a Cow Tail Switch." Story Arts | Stories in a Nutshell | The Gift of a Cow Tail Switch. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://www.storyarts.org/library/nutshell/stories/gift.html>.


"The Second Punic War." Second Punic War: 218-202 BC. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.


"Top 30 Runners | Olympic Stories | Olympic Runners." - Great Olympic Heroes, Stories and Inspirational Sportsmen and Women. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Aug. 2013.






Hicham El Guerrouj- Famous Moroccan runner who has the record for 1500M, 1 mile, and 2000M.
Duncan Kibet- Really good distance runner who is from Kenya, won many races.
Kenenisa Bekele- Wife dies, He breaks olympic record for 10000m run at 26:17.53 which still stands. (Kenya)
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