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The Catholic Mass
Transcript of The Catholic Mass
The Meaning of The Mass and The Themes of The Eucharist
How The Mass is Celebrated
How the Eucharist connects to and influences the daily lives of Catholics today and their communities
During the Eucharist, we are reminded of
Jesus' sacrifice. We are reminded that Jesus sacrificed his life so that we may have eternal life.
The Eucharist in itself is a meal, it is a means for us to gather and celebrate with others like we would in our everyday lives. The Eucharist is also in the context of a meal because the first ever mass was a meal shared between Jesus and his disciples.
Memorial is a major theme of the Eucharist because the whole Eucharist is an act of remembering Jesus' life, death and resurrection.
Part 2: Liturgy of The Word
In this part of the mass, two readings from the Old Testament are read, and the Gospel is read from the New Testament. The priest then gives a homily which is a reflection of on the readings of that day.
There are many liturgical actions used throughout the mass, some of these are:
Bringing the Eucharist to others
Through the Mass and the Eucharist we are inspired as Catholics to bring the Eucharist to others. We do this through our actions in our everyday lives, this does not mean that we specifically talk about the Eucharist to everyone we meet. It means we share the Eucharist with others by being kind and compassionate to others and being open to talk about the Eucharist.
When we receive the Eucharist we are accepting the challenge of being a right and just person. This means that we are called by God to help others and to be compassionate to every person that we encounter. To do all these things we should do charity work, and be kind and nonjudgmental towards everyone.
The purpose of the Mass is for Catholics to gather together, to listen to the word of God, to give thanks and to remind us to take Christ with us to spread the Good News to everyone we encounter in our lives
The Mass is ancient Catholic tradition which dates back to the early Christians.The very first mass was performed by Jesus, at the Last Supper on Holy Thursday.
The word 'Eucharist' means thanksgiving. The whole act of the Eucharist is a way of giving thanks to God. We give thanks to God for the gift of Jesus his son and for the gift of eternal life given to us.
During the Eucharist we experience the real presence of Christ, we experience this because the Host is transformed into the body of Christ during the Eucharist, and when we eat the body of Christ we truly have Christ within us.
Part 1: Introductory Rites
At the start of the mass the priest enters, and welcomes the congregation. The penitential act, gloria and collect are then recited.
The Introductory Rites bring us together, we are reminded that even though we are individual people we are gathered as one community together.
The Liturgy of The Word is an opportunity for us to hear the word of God and for us to learn something about them from the priest's homily.
Part 3: Liturgy Of The Eucharist
The Liturgy of the Eucharist is the central part of the mass. The bread and the wine are blessed by the priest, then Eucharistic Prayers are prayed and the Communion Rite is read. Then everyone receives communion.
During the Eucharistic the priest
lifts the bread in the air to symbolise that the bread has now been transformed into the body of Christ. He then does the same with the chalice of wine.
In the mass, bowing is an action
of respect or reverence. The priest and anyone approaching the altar will bow before proceeding as a sign that they are respecting the holiness of it.
At the end of Mass, the priest will bless
the people gathered in the name of the trinity by doing the Sign of the Cross. The people will then also do the Sign of the Cross.
There are also many symbols used throughout the mass, some of these are:
Fire is a symbol in the Catholic Church because in the Old Testament, fire was a symbol of God's presence. Fire is also a symbol of purification and transformation, which is why a candle is lit at a baptism.
Part 4: Concluding Rites
The last part of the mass consists of the Final Blessing and the Dismissal. This part of the mass sends us out into the world to live out what was celebrated in the mass in our everyday lives.
Oil is the symbol of anointment. In the Old Testament, anointment was a sign that you had been picked for a specific mission. Today this means that as anointed Catholics we have been picked out to live out the Gospel in our own lives.
White is a symbol of purity and cleanliness. When white garments are worn, like during baptism, it is a symbol of being cleansed of sin
Connection to the meaning of the Eucharist
All of these parts of the mass, actions, and symbols are all connected to the meaning of the Eucharist.
The Introductory Rites and the Liturgy of the Word lead up to the Eucharist itself because they are actions that prepare us to receive the Eucharist. The Introductory Rites are heavily centred around the theme of repentance, and by doing this we are now pure to receive the Eucharist. In the Liturgy of the Word we are prepared spiritually through learning for the Eucharist.
The Eucharist itself has a great deal of meaning for Catholics because during the Eucharist Jesus becomes physically present to us. The Eucharist is also a way for us to connect with God better, because it is easier to connect with Him when there is something physically in front of us.
The liturgical actions and symbols are connected to the meaning of the Eucharist, because they help us to better understand the things that are happening during the mass. The meaning of each action and symbol helps us to more deeply appreciate the gift that we have been given.
The Concluding Rites help us to gather the true meaning of the Eucharist because we give thanks to God for the gift of the Eucharist, and we are sent forth to share it with others.