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TOK and Art Presentation
Transcript of TOK and Art Presentation
Expression of Thought/Emotion Knowledge Issues Intent of Graffiti To make a political/social or religious statement
To express themselves to the public
To relieve one's suppressed emotions Is art only considered creditable if it is done professionally? Who determines "professional"?
To what extent does controversy contribute to the creditability of "art?" Responses to Graffiti Arab Spring Graffiti Controversy Definition: revolutionary wave of demonstrations, protests
and wars in Arab world since December 18, 201o
Graffiti's intent-political statement, protest against government,anti-propaganda Anne Truitt [BACKGROUND] Historical Context of Graffiti and Minimalism Minimalism Ideologies of Art: Summary -Who determines what is art? Public? Critics or elitists ? Artists? Discussion Questions Dada Movement Generally, graffiti accepted in Tunisia as opposed to other Arab nations Graffiti began from cave paintings, progressed to Romans writing on conquered building walls
Originally, graffiti started as a method for gangs to mark territory or writing one's name on a street sign anonymously
- History of "tagging" adds to connotation
First became popular in New York, then spread to other states "Graffiti is just typography and colour theory combined with art" -Jesse Green 'Official' Positive Responses to Graffiti: Toronto City Graffiti Panel Graffiti artist's own attempts:
Graffiti Makeover in Saskatoon 'Unlawful': Definition of Graffiti
Local Man Doing His Part to Keep Gate City Graffiti Free,
Pocatello, Idaho "I know they'll be back the next day but so will I." -Larry Larsen, is "doing more than his share to make sure the city stays tag free."
-Depiction of all graffiti as crime
-Is a part of art the response of spectators?
-If so, why is the Police/Govn't controlling
what people should think "The hope is to deter bad graffiti with good graffiti." -Attempting to change the connotations of "graffiti" -Maintain graffiti style to differ from murals, vandal vs. graffiti artist -Graffiti is unavoidable, part of our culture
-"No such thing as good graffiti" - City councilor Miles Heidt "I'm all for artistic expression that makes people smile." "It’s a progressive thing.” -Community response to deter govn't opinion/laws
-Idea that ultimately, art is for the public and not professional critics -Art is not for unanimous positive response "Graffiti “vandalism” is: any markings not exempted or regularized by the city ...is believed to possibly “incite hatred or violence” or “contains profane, vulgar or offensive language.” Who determines "appropriate"? "The issue here is less about anti-graffiti movements than it is about pure censorship." -Ones who do agree are entitled to enjoy Cops complained [about] the wall in question, suggesting that the mural had a negative, violent message. Tombstones depicting names of corporations and government agencies. Community outrage was claimed. Inwood residents have come to Ket's defense, asking "Isn't great art supposed to be controversial?" Anne Truitt Expressionist sculptor
associated with minimalist/Color Field movements
Psychologist and WWII nurse
Visit to the Guggenheim museum
Influence upon works
Work featured in various museums “It’s as if the outside world has to match some personal horizontal and vertical axis,” [VIEWS] Hopps: "simplistic and stylized nature... [with] an overtone of emotional theme or content."
Being labeled as a minimalist by critics "Because minimal art is characterized by nonreferentiality. And that’s not what I am characterized by. [My work] is totally referential. I’ve struggled all my life to get maximum meaning in the simplest possible form.” -Anne Truitt [CRITERIA] A [Aesthetics] simplistic, beautiful in minimalist standards [Intent] expression of I [Skill/Technique] S lesser amounts than other expressionist, minimalist and Color Field pieces. [Creativity] C expresses encounters with people and places... Is this art? What is Art? Art? No. More of an expression of emotion Is not recognized to be aesthetically appealing Not creative, even in comparison Lacks skill Adaline Kent 'Presence' Abstract Expressionism Color Field 'Color Field Sculpture' Shelley Parriott Minimalism Ronald Bladen 'Light Year' Comparison Although Truitt has received training from an art institute, recognizing her as a 'professional', the work she produces is not art. Sense Perception: Sight Emotion Emotion El-Seed's Graffiti Originated in Zurich, Switzerland 1916 Meant to provoke intense emotions such as shock and/or outrage by breaking traditions of art Example:
in grade 10 IB history, Mr.
Kindrachuk bit his pencil
and called it Dada art Image: Duchamp's LHOOQ (1919) People who appreciate/
believe graffiti is art,
people who believe in
freedom of expression
and that art is not made
for unanimous approval. People who
find fault/offense to certain types of art and the messages it produces. Can everyone be pleased?
Should that matter? Gov't
who believe their job is
to keep public appeased. Who for and why is graffiti created? Is there a community for graffiti artists and appreciators?
Are there specific connotations for graffiti?
What constitutes graffiti as vandalism?
What kind of skills do you think graffiti requires, if at all?
Why are genres such as minimalism and dadaism seen to have pieces of real art while graffiti is not seen as real art yet?
Does art have to be technical?
Should graffiti be acceptable if it is aesthetically pleasing and harmless (ie. promotes positive messages)?
Is graffiti a more accessible art that is easy to relate to?
Must great art be controversial and professional? Who and what classifies it?
http://www.graffiti.org/faq/graffiti_questions.html Minimalism movement began in New York, during 1960s, with influential minimalist artists such as Frank Stella There is actually much technique involved in the more complex graffiti we may observe There are various intents behind graffiti and does show a "snapshot" of one's or a community's mindset
Graffiti exposes emotional truths
opposing views graffiti as art vs. tasteless vandalism Sources: Anne Truit Slide Picture URLS
: THANK YOU!