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Implementing Effective Instructional Strategies

CI/Ed 554

Gina Smethers

on 26 June 2013

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Transcript of Implementing Effective Instructional Strategies

Research-Based Strategies
Implementing Effective Instructional Strategies
Three Elements of
Effective Pedagogy
Instructional Strategies
Management Techniques
Curriculum Design
"Classroom Instruction that Works"
What works in education?
How do we know?
How can teachers find out?
How can we apply reseach findings to help individual students?
Robert Marzano, Debra Pickering, Jane Pollock used their research to explain nine strategies that have positive effects on student learning.

Identifying Similarities & Differences
Being able to break a concept or skill into similar and dissimilar characteristics enables students to solve complex problems by looking at them in a more simple way. Asking students to identify similarities and differences on their own or directly presenting specific items helps students understand new content. Student directed activities, discussions, and inquiry encourage variation and broaden their understanding.
Using Venn diagrams and charts help compare and classify information for students to see visually
Students need to be able to compare, classify, create metaphors, and analogies
Cooperative Learning
According to Marzano's research findings, cooperative learning (students of all ability levels in groups of 3-4) seems to have a positive effect on student achievement when compared with no grouping. It is an instructional strategy that works best when it's used systematically.

Design Cooperative Learning based on the five defining elements:
Positive independence: a sense of sink or swim together
Face-to-face promotive interaction: helping each other learn
Individual and group accountability: each person contributes to the group to achieve goals
Interpersonal and small group skills: communication, trust, leadership, decision making
Group Processing- reflection
Homework and Practice
Students have the opportunity to extend their learning outside the classroom when they complete homework. Marzano's research shows that the amount of homework should vary from elementary to middle to high school.
Parent involvement should be minimal. You can recommend to parents to keep a consistent schedule, setting, and time limit.
The purpose of homework should be identified and articulated to students
Maximize effectiveness of feedback by varying the way it is delivered
Differentiate homework so that students are working at their instructional level.
Assign timed homework to practice speed and accuracy.

Nonlinguistic Representations
Implementation of the Strategies
Focus on one of the four strategies with your grade level or content area team members.
Homework and Practice
Identifying Similarities and Differences
Nonlinguistic Representations
Cooperative Learning

How will these strategies enhance student achievement?

1. Focus on essential outcome.
2. Use the poster paper, laptops, iPads, etc. to interact with the new information and resources provided.
3. Present your ideas to the group (Projector and Document Camera available for you)

You will be given 25 minutes before we present.
Caution of "High-Yield" Strategies
Table Talk
Think about your own experiences with Cooperative learning as a student and a teacher. Discuss with the people at your table the positive and negative aspects to using this strategy.
AirBoard is an App that lets you
share a single "whiteboard" between
multiple IOS devices, so students can
collaboratively share sketches, or
brainstorm ideas with everyone working
at the same time.
The Hat is a free program that you can download to randomly choose students to group together. Students can watch as their name is drawn from the hat.
Table Talk
How do you use homework and practice to help students learn skills and concepts?
How much homework is assigned nightly/weekly for students?
Do you have a homework policy which effectively communicates your expectations to students?
Robert Marzano: Using Homework
Ideas for alternatives to traditional homework to enhance student learning
According to research, knowldege is stored visually and linguistically. When students use both forms in the classroom, they have more opportunities to be successful. Nonlinguistic representations helps students understand content in a whole new way. Use of nonlinguistic respresentation has proven to stimulate and increase brain activity.
Incorporate words and images using symbols to represent relationships
Use physical models or physical movement to display information
Use graphic organizers: descriptive patterns, time-sequenced patterns, process/cause-effect patterns, episode patterns, generalization/principle patterns, and concept patterns
Doodle Splash: an interactive way for students to connect with the text and visually show their thinking.
Kidspiration: has many interactive programs
students can use in many subject areas.

Table Talk
What is challenging about nonlinguistic representations? How do you overcome these challenges with your students?
Tagxedo is an interactive
website in which students
can generate "word clouds"
from the text that students
write. Words become larger
and are more prominent the
more times they appear in
the text.
Interactive Venn Diagram
Word Storm
Shows the relationship between concepts
Effective pedagogy involves a variety of interacting components. Focusing on just four strategies in your classroom may not be beneficial for your students.

There are three mistakes that schools make which can negatively impact students:
1. Focusing on a narrow range of strategies
2. Assuming that High-Yield Strategies must be used in every class
3. Assuming that High-Yield Strategies will always work

Teachers should use the information based on their own observations and reflect on the best practice for the specific students they are working with.
Instructional Strategies for Assessments

How well have students achieved their learning goals?

Provide students with clear assessments on their progress on each learning goal
Have students assess themselves on each learning goal and compare the assessments to the teacher's
Ask students to articulate what they have learned about the content and about themselves as learners

Table Talk
What are some specific questions you would ask students to help them identify similarities and differences in math?
Cooperative Learning Spinner
Read Write Think: has tons of interactive writing graphic organizers.
Full transcript