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History Military Tactics
Transcript of History Military Tactics
Military Tactics and Strategies
"Antebellum War vs Modern War"
Definition of Military Strategies
1754- 1763 The French and Indian War
1754~June 19-July 11~The Albany Congress
Proclamation of 1763
1764~The Sugar Act and The Currency Act
1765~The Stamp Act, The Quartering Act, Virginia Stamp Act Resolutions, Stamp Act Congress
1766~The Declaratory Act
1767~The Townshend Revenue Act
1770~The Boston Massacre
1772~The Gaspee Affair
1773~The Tea Act and Boston Tea Party
1774~The Intolerable Acts and The First Continental Congress
1775~"Give me liberty or give me death" speech
Paul Revere and William Dawes
"The shot heard 'round the world."
The Second Continental Congress
1776~Declaration of Independence
Washington crosses the Delaware
1781~Articles of Confederation adopted
1783~Treaty of Paris is signed
Definition of Military Tactics
a science and art of organizing a military force, and the techniques for using weapons or military units in combination for engaging and defeating an enemy in battle.
A set of ideas implemented by military organizations to pursue desired strategic goals.
Major Similarities Between Antebellum and Modern
Not accurate, 18 in. variance, hit about 20% of targets
Weigh about 10 pounds
Took time to load
Operable with one hand
Needed to be loaded extensively
Only affective at close range
Carried by officers
Hanger sword-curved blade for slashing
Sabers-curved blade used to direct troops
Hunting-single handle short sword
Stabbing blade that could be fixed to a musket or rifle
queens of the battle
Youngest member of the continental army: 1o years old
Oldest member of the continental army: 57 years old
Monthly salary: $8
Total American casualties: 6,824
90% from continental army
Total deaths from disease: about 10,000
Americans captured in war: 18,152
April 12, 1861: Bat of Fort Sumter
June 3, 1861: Battle of Philippi
July 21, 1861: First Battle of Bull Run
August 28-29, 1861: Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries
November 7, 1861: Battle of Belmont
January 19, 1862: Battle of Mill Springs
February 6, 1862: Battle of Fort Henry
February 11, 1862: Battle of Fort Donelson
March 8, 1862: Battle of Hampton Roads
March 23, 1862: First Battle of Kernstown
July 1, 1862: Battle of Malvern Hill
April 30, 1863: Battle of Chancellorsville
July 1-3, 1863: Battle of Gettysburg
May 5-7, 1864: Battle of Wilderness
August 31- September 1, 1864: Battle of Jonesborough
April 9, 1865: Surrender at Appomattox Court House
10lb Parrot Rifle
3in Ordnance Rifle
Colt Revolving Rifle
Youngest member: 8 years old
Oldest member: 80 years old
Union $13-$17 a month
Casualties: approximately 620,000
Union members: 2,128,948
Confederate members: 1,082,119
Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle with approximately 51,000 casualties
Lined up shoulder to shoulder in rows.
Best technique for them because of the terrain, weaponry, and number of troops available.
Lining up in rows allowed for the maximum amount of musket balls to hit the enemy.
They employed psychological warfare with brightly colored uniforms to intimidate the enemy.
Formed in lines at the beginning of the war, but were unsuccessful at defeating the British.
Used Militias to introduce guerrilla warfare into their fighting at the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
The unconventional way of fighting allowed the militias to infiltrate British weapon stockpiles and for Continental troops to attack British armies from behind.
Major Differences Between Antebellum and Modern
Used battle lines because it delivered the most firepower defensively and offensively by making frontal assaults.
When traveling through the wooded countryside of America, open-order deployment was used to cover their front and flanks with skirmishers (infantry stationed ahead or alongside the troops to harass the enemy).
Army commanders concentrated on strategy rather than focusing on tactics because they could not control such a large group
guerrilla-style attacks, trench warfare. espionage, sniping, cavalry but not as much, and total war became more prevalent
The emergence of technology resulted in modern warfare and an adaption of military tactics and strategies.
The Civil War is considered the 1st "modern" war because of the technological advances
Military tactics and strategies today are more geared towards attacking from a distance.
The United States was forced into an era of modern warfare after the tactics and strategies of the Antebellum age were deemed unable to keep up with the advancing technology.
Repeating rifles and iron ships ~ Civil War
Chemical and Tanks ~ WWI
Nuclear Weapons ~ WWII
Helicopters ~ Vietnam
Privatization and drones ~ Global War on Terrorism
In both, the main focus is to end the war with the least amount of damage possible which was one of the main reasons for changes.
The Revolution and Civil War both had strategies in place that utilized the land because both wars were fought on familiar territory.
The Union used the Emancipation Proclamation and other forms of enticement strategies on the African Americans the same way the Colonists did the African Americans and Native Americans in an effort to gain support for their side of the wars.
The Anaconda Plan made by Union General-in-Chief Winfield Scott in 1861.
It was proposed as an effective strategy to form a blockade in the south
It was not enforced until later in 1864 as an aggressive force to press the confederates.