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"The Afghan Girl"
is what piques one's interest for a photo. "Whether I receive them as political testimony or enjoy them as good historical scenes... I participate in the figures, the faces, the gestures, the setting, the action" (1981, p. 26).
is that "element which rises from the scene, shoots out of it like an arrow, and pierces me.... [it] is that accident which pricks me" (p. 26).
"The Afghan Girl":
- as mnemonic device of postmemory
- "the experience of those who grow up dominated by narratives that preceded [them], whose own belated stories are evacuated by the stories of the previous generations shaped by traumatic events that can neither be understood nor recreated" (Hirsh, 1997, p. 22).
- exploring social memory and public pedagogy (Fentress & Wickham, 1994)
as pedagogical tool
- to explore and subdue the colonial gaze (Willinsky)
- seeing other humans as humans
HOW DO I GAZE?
WAYS OF LOOKING
"WOUNDS" FROM A PHOTO
Oppositional Gaze (hooks)
Ways of looking
- a topology of 7 kinds of gaze (Lutz & Collins)
photographer; institutional; reader; non-western;
direct western; refracted other's;
- Oppositional gaze
Representation & the Colonial Gaze
- Fetishizing of the exotic other (Fusco, 1992)- non-coercive representation? (Willinsky, 1994)
Unveiling (Fanon, cited in Fuss, 1994)
"see without being seen"
- veil as political agency
- unveiling to deny Subjecthood (p. 26)
- "overwhelming longing," "rebellious desire" to look (hooks, 1992)
- possibilities for resistance & opposition
- operates from a safe distance
who is she &
what is she doing?
who am I
& what do I mean by this study?
Who is she?
What does she mean?
Exploring my subjectivity:
- as an
- Sharbat as a neighbour
- as a
- Sharbat as a sister
- as a
- Sharbat as a pedagogical tool
- Sharbat as mnemonic device of post memory and commemorative
- as a
- Sharbat as a human being
Who am I?
What do I mean by this study?
- Dec. 24th 1979; 9-year war
- 2 million civilians killed
- 3 million wounded
- 5 million refugees outside Afghanistan
- 2 million displaced internally
- "The Year of the White Bear: Take One - Two Undiscovered Aborigines Visit Irvine" by Coco Fusco and Guillermo Gomez-Pena
Nawal Musleh-Motut -
Negotiating Palestine through the familial gaze: A photographic (post)memory project