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Islam Vocabulary

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by

Rachel Regier

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of Islam Vocabulary

Islam Vocabulary
Oasis
Wet area
In the desert
Has water
Arabian Peninsula
Southeast center of Asia
Mostly hot, dry Desert
At the crossroads of Asia, Europe, and Africa
Nomad/Nomadic
Used Camels
Tribes
Move from place to place with the seasons
Herded animals
Lived in tents
Sedentary
Lived in one place
Lived in a house
Islam
A religion
Founder Muhammad
Monotheistic
Means to submit to God
Followers are Muslims
Holy Book Qur'an
Souk
Market or Bazaar
Nomads traded animal products
Merchants sold spices, gold, and other products
Muslim
Follower of Islam
Muslims believe Muhammad was receiving messages from God
Qur'an
Holy Book of Islam
Muhammad's messages were kept in the Qur'an
Shrine
Place where people worship a saint or a God
An important shrine Kaaba was in Mecca
Pilgrimage
A journey to a sacred place
A religious journey or expedition
Mosque
A building for Muslims' prayers
Muhammad's first house was the mosque
Judaism
The monotheistic religion of the Jews
The way we should live our lives is called Judaism
A set of ideas about the world is also called Judaism
Christianity
A religion
The Holy Book was The Bible
Jihad
Means to make an effort, or to struggle
Jihad refers to the inner struggle people go through everyday
It can also mean the struggle to defend
Been translated as "Holy War"
Sunnah
Provides a model for the duties and the way life expected of Muslims
It guides the Muslims' behavior
Sunnah refers to the way Muhammad's life was
Shariah
An Islamic law based on teachings of the Korean
Traditions of Prophets
Caliph
Religious ruler
The Caliph ruled Baghdad until 1258
In Egypt the Ottoman conquest in 1517
Shia
Shia is 1 of the 2 main branches in Islam
It rejects the first three Sunni caliphs and regards Ali
Sunni
Described as an Orthodox
It's the understanding of the Sunnah
It;s the acceptance of the first three caliphs
Sultan
A Muslim sovereign
The sultan is the head of the Islamic religion
It was one way to separate the political from the religious
Shah
A title of the former monarch of Iran or Persia
It comes from the word king
Calligraphy
It's a decorative handwriting or a handwritten lettering
They used calligraphy to make sayings from the Qur'an into great works of art
Also they painted decorative writing on tiles
Minaret
It's a narrow tower from which Muslims are called to prayer
Many mosques have a dome or a minaret
Al-jabr
Al-jabr is also called algebra
A Muslim named al-Khwarizmi got an idea to write a math textbook
Kaaba
Muslims believed that a Kaaba is a house of worship that Abraham built
The Kaaba, in Mecca, is Islam's most sacred place
Muslims recognized the importance of Mecca as the home of the Kaaba
Muhammad
Founder of Islam
He spread Islam's teachings to the people of Arabia
His teachings make up the Qur'an
Born in 570
Died in 632
Abu Bakr
He was the first caliph
He ruled the Muslim world after Muhammad's death
He was one of Muhammad's first converts
Key People
Fatimah
Muhammad's daughter
She holds a place of honor in the Islamic religion
She born in 595
She died in 633
Berbers
They are native people of North Africa
Battles with the Berbers slowed the growth of Muslim rule in North Africa
Umayyads
The Umayyads moved their capital from Medina to Damascus
They gained control of trade in the eastern Mediterranean
They also conquered part of North Africa
Abbasids
The Abbasids were a dynasty
They took power in France in 750
They recognized the government to make it easier to rule such a large region
Mehmed II
Ottoman sultan
He defeated the Byzantine Empire in 1453
Mehmed made Constantinople
He changed the Byzantine's church into a mosque
Ottomans
Ottomans trained Christian boys to become soldiers
They took control of the eastern Mediterranean in 1520 to 1566
They started to take land from the Christian Byzantine Empire in the mid-1200s
Suleyman1
Ottoman ruler
He governed the empire at its height
He ruled the empire to 1520 to 1566
Safavid
A group of Persian Muslims
The Safavids came into a conflict with the Ottomans and other Muslims
The Safavid leader was Esma'il
Mughals
They united a large and diverse empire
The founder of the Mughal Empire was named Babur
Babur tried to make an empire in Central Asia
He established the Mughal Empire in 1526 in northern India
Akbar
Mughal emperor
He got rid of a tax on non-Muslims
Akbar conquered new lands so that he could make the Mughal Empire stronger
Ibn Battutah
A Muslim traveler and writer
Ibn Battutah visited Africa, India, China, and Spain in the 1320s
Hindu
A follower of Hinduism
Hinduism is a religion
Sikh
A religious group that had formed from Hinduism
They rejected some Hindu beliefs
The Sikhs had to pay a special tax
Hussein
Muhammad's grandson
The hopes of the Shia Muslim Branch
Killed by the Shia Muslim Baranch
Places
Mecca
An ancient city in Arabia
The birthplace of Muhammad
People in Mecca rejected Muhammad's teachings
Mecca's merchants refused to only believe in one God
Medina
An ancient city in Arabia north of Mecca
People who were first in Medina accepted Islam
It means "the Prophets city"
Medina was named after Muhammad
Jerusalem
A city in Israel
In the 1000s, a group called Turkish Muslims captured Jerusalem
The Crusaders took Jerusalem after about a month of fighting
The Muslims retook Jerusalem in 1189
Damascus
Damascus is in Syria
The Umayyads moved their capital from Medina to Damascus
Baghdad
A city in Iraq
It became the capital of the Islamic Empire in 762
The first public hospital was built in Baghdad
Cordoba
A city in southern Spain
Cordoba had a strong economy based on agriculture and trade
It was a center of Jewish culture and learning
Cordoba was one of the richest and most educated cities in Europe in early AD 900s
Constantinople
Now called Istanbul in modern Turkey
The Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople in 1453
Merchants traveled to Constantinople to trade
Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is a dazzling tomb built by Akbar's grandson between 1631 to 1647
It was built for his wife
Shah Jahan bought workers and materials from all over India and Central Asia to build the Taj Mahal
Persia
The Safavid leader conquered Persia in 1501
He took the ancient Persian title of shah, or king
By Rachel Regier
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