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IE Photo Rentals | Photography Fundamentals

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IE Photo Rentals

on 26 November 2013

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Transcript of IE Photo Rentals | Photography Fundamentals

PHOTOGRAPHY
Crash Course
By Andrew Manley
The Fundamentals
Types Of Camera
Notes
Don't complain about what you got, USE what you got

Photography is almost exclusively SKILLED based, not GEAR based

Camera is a TOOL. Like a Ferrari is to a Racer. A slow driver is a slow driver whether they are driving a minivan or in a sports car. In the end, only the skills will prevail.

Photograph things that you are already familiar with. Do that well and then move on.

It will take about 15,000 frames or more to really understand and grasp. So until then, have fun with photography. Don't rush to be a "professional". Life is already too stressful.
What Is Photography?
What Makes A Good Photo?
Sharp (In Focused)

Clean

Engaging

Story Telling

Emotions

Composition
Composing Your Photos
1 - Background
2 - Rule of Third
3 - Close/Move in
4 - Angles
5 - Creativity
6 - Breaking the Rules
Rule Of Third
The rule of third is a compositional rule of thumb in visual arts such as painting, photography and design.

The rule states that an image should be imagined as divided into nine equal parts by two equally spaced horizontal and vertical lines and that important compositional elements should be placed along these lines or their intersections.

Proponents of the technique claim that aligning a subject with these points creates more tension, energy and interest in the composition than simply centering the subject would.
Background
Avoid and watch out for distracting objects around your subjects, especially around the head.
"Clean" and plain background is useful in isolating your subjects and less distracting.
Less is more.
Go Closer / Move In
Try to fill up 2/3 of the frame.
Avoid zooming but stand closer if you can.
Angles
Avoid shooting from your height or point-of-view.

Eye-level, lower, higher, wider, narrower and etc.

A better picture is probably just a few inches and/or degree away.

Shoot as many pictures as possible from various angles.
Be creative by breaking the rules.
Trial and error through experiments.

Practice, practice and practice.

Learn from your mistakes.

Learn from other photographers and friends.
Photography is fun!
It is meant to be fun, so enjoy it.
When you pressure yourself, it will show.
Look, Compose and Click!
Thank You!
LATIN: CONTROL LIGHT OR "PAINT WITH LIGHT"
CAMERA DIALS
THE ONLY ONES THAT MATTER
M
AV/A
TV/S
C
MANUAL
APERTURE PRIORITY
SHUTTER PRIORITY
CUSTOM
MEGAPIXELS
What is a
megapixel?
It is a million pixels laid
out in horizontal
and vertical lines
Combination of lens, sensor and resolution produces higher
quality imaging
IQ
Image Quality
Stretching pixels beyond their limits dilutes their ability to hold information. Not every
pixel was created
equally.
More MP does
not always = better IQ
ISO
Film Speed
Exposure
Aperture
Shutter Speed
ISO
Sensitivity of Senor
100, 200, 400, 800, 1600
3200, 6400, 12,800
25,600, +
Aperture
Hole
Blades inside lens
control light
1.4, 2.0, 2.8, 4.0, 5.6, 8.0
11.0, 16.0, 22.0
Shutter Speed
Shutter Curtain
Exposure length control light
1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/120, 1/250
1/500, 1/1000, 1/2000
ISO, Aperture & Shutter Speed all have their own numbering system that change in terms of "stops"
A "stop"
is a realtive measurement of light
"Stop"
Double the light is one stop brighter (+1 stop)
Half the light is one stop darker (-1 stop)
Apeture
Shutter Speed
ISO
ƒ/1.4
ƒ/2.0
ƒ/2.8
ƒ/4.0
ƒ/5.6
ƒ/8.0
ƒ/11.0
ƒ/16.0
1/15
1/30
1/60
1/125
1/250
1/500
1/1000
1/2000
100
200
400
800
1600
3200
6400
12800
*all shown @ 1 full stop intervals
Ultrawide
Wide
Standard
Portrait
Telephoto
Lens
Prime vs Zoom
Prime Lenses are fixed focal length.
smaller and lightweight
sharper images with better color/contrast
have much faster apetures than zooms
Zoom Lenses have the ability to zoom.

convenience
Depth of Field
16-20
mm
21-35
mm
36-70
mm
71-100
mm
100-200
+mm
Focal Length
F STOPS | APERTURE
"FAST LENS" OR LENS SPEED
maximum aperture of the lens
"faster lenses" have the ability to take in more light more light = less blurry images
FULL STOPS: 1.0 1.4 2.0 2.8 4.0 5.6 8 11 16 22 32
QUESTION: "The world with two suns"
You are an astronaut traveling to a new planet. To your dismay, when you arrive your discover that your light meter has broken during the journey. The new planet is identical to Earth, except that it has TWO suns instead of one.
HOW MANY STOPS BRIGHTER IS THE NEW PLANET?
HOW MANY STOPS BRIGHTER IF THERE WERE FOUR SUNS INSTEAD OF TWO?
How to
INCREASE
the chances
of getting a
SHARP
image
Make sure your shutter speed is
TWICE

the number of your
focal length
BRACE
your body for
stability
, then brace your camera
Use
back
AF-ON
button
Center
focus point

and
recompose
Press
camera back
towards
FACE

to prevent
camera
shake
Use
monopod

or
tripod

for maximum sharpness
Keep
shutter speed
above
1/60th
of a sec to
freeze motion

Control
your
breath
ing
and
finger push
gently
what is the main function of a camera?
to
record

light.
just like a sound recorder records sound
Full Frame 1.0x 36 x 24mm (FX)
Canon 1.6x APS-C 22.2 x 14.8mm (EF-s)
Nikon 1.5x APS-C 23.6 x 15.7mm (DX)
Evaluative metering
This is a general-purpose metering mode suited for portraits and even backlit subjects. The camera sets the exposure automatically to suit the scene.
Partial metering
Effective when the background is much brighter than the subject due to backlighting. Partial metering covers about 9.4% of the viewfinder area at the center
Spot metering
This is for metering a specific spot of the subject scene. The meter is weighted at the center covering about 2.3% of the viewfinder area. When spot meter is set, the spot metering circle will be displayed in the viewfinder
Center-weighted average metering
The metering is weighted at the center and then averaged for the entire scene
Dynamic Range
the range in which the luminance range of a scene being photographed, or the limits of luminance range that a digital camera can capture
Phone Camera



Compact Camera
Budget ($100 – $300)


Advance ($300 – $500)


Professional Consumer ($600 – $1500)



Digital SLR
Entry Level ($400 – $1000 )


Semi Professional ($1000 – $2,500)




Professional ($2,500 – $8,000)
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