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The Presidency

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Nicholas Antonucci

on 30 November 2017

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Transcript of The Presidency

The Presidency
Chapter 13:
Presidential Elections
Candidates position themselves years in advance of Election Day.
Eligible incumbent presidents are nearly always nominated again.
Winner takes the oath of office January 20.
Presidential Roles in the Domestic Sphere
As leaders in the domestic sphere, presidents must interact with Congress, manage the economy, and serve as the leader of their party.
The following are examples of the legislative powers of the president:
exerting influence through lobbying Congress on pending legislation
defining the congressional agenda through the State of the Union address
submitting the budget for the federal government
signing or vetoing legislation passed by Congress
A majority is needed for Congress to check presidential power by overriding a presidential veto

270 is the "Magic" number of electors a presidential candidate must secure in the Electoral College to be elected president
Should presidents have the line-item veto?
Modern presidents are generally much more likely to issue vetoes than their predecessors.
War Powers
Shared War Powers in Constitution
• Congress has the power to declare war.
• President, as Commander-in-Chief, can commit troops and equipment in conflicts.
War Powers Resolution (1973)
Requires president to consult with Congress prior to using military force and withdraw forces after
60 days
unless
Congress declares war or grants and extension
Many Presidents see the Resolution as unconstitutional
President Franklin Roosevelt issued more vetoes than any other during his tenure.
A signing statement is a written pronouncement issued by the President of the United States upon the signing of a bill into law. They are usually printed along with the bill in United States Code Congressional and Administrative News (USCCAN).
Over 750 Times!
The Fed Chair plays a significant role in managing and supervising the national economy. The statutory mandate of the Fed is to promote the goals of maximum employment, stable prices and moderate long term interest rates.
Executive Agreement - an international agreement, usually regarding routine administrative matters not warranting a formal treaty, made by the executive branch of the US government without ratification by the Senate.
These are Political binding & not Legally binding and usually only last for the term of the administration that negotiates them
The White House Office (WHO) or Executive Office of the President(EOP) are the members of the presidential staff who oversee the policy interests of the president.
The office within the Executive Office of the President responsible for the creation of the president's annual budget. Once part of the Department of the Treasury, the Office of Management and Budget has been a separate office within the EOP since 1939.
Mick Mulvaney -OMB Director
The Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOPOTUS or EOP) consists of the immediate staff of the incumbent President of the United States and multiple levels of support staff reporting to the President. The EOP is headed by the White House Chief of Staff, currently Reince Priebus.
These offices acts as the launch pad for the implementation of presidential policy
The National Security Council (NSC) is a group of top foreign policy advisers and relevant cabinet officials that advise the president on foreign policy and national security issues, but the president is the official chair of the NSC
National Security Adviser - H.R. McMaster
The 25th amendment, passed in 1967, determines the course of action in the case of a president being incapacitated
Presidential Powers
There are three categories of presidential power:
Constitutional powers
Delegated powers
Inherent powers
Constitutional powers
: powers explicitly granted by the Constitution.
Presidential powers codified in Article II of the Constitution:
serve as commander in chief.
pardon crimes.
convene the Congress.
commission all officers of the United States.
The Constitution also explicitly the president the power to sign or veto legislation, command the armed forces, ask for the written opinion of their Cabinet, convene or adjourn Congress, grant reprieves and pardons, and receive ambassadors.
Delegated powers: powers granted by Congress to help the president fulfill his duties. This is a power created for the president through laws enacted by Congress.
Inherent powers: powers inherent in the president's power as chief of the executive branch.
Inherent powers are those powers that Congress and the president need in order to get the job done right. Although not specified in the Constitution, they are reasonable powers that are a logical part of the powers delegated to Congress and the president.
These expressed powers and statutory powers are grant by Congress
The Constitution does not expressly grant the President additional war powers or other powers in times of national emergency. U.S. Supreme Court decisions have granted the president another inherent power -
The Emergency Powers
- especially in
foreign affairs
.
The President must "take care that the laws be faithfully executed." This clause in the Constitution imposes a duty on the President to enforce the laws of the United States and is called the Take Care Clause, also known as the Faithful Execution Clause or Faithfully Executed Clause.
This has been cited by presidents as the basis for the assertion of inherent powers
The president can exert all of the following powers through the use of executive order:
Direction of enforcement of congressional statutes or Supreme Court rulings.
Enforcement of special provisions of the Constitution.
The creation of or adjustments to regulatory guidelines or practices of executive departments and agencies.
Guidance of the administration of treaties with foreign governments.
Executive privilege
is the power claimed by the President and other members of the executive branch to resist certain subpoenas and other interventions by the other branches of government to access information and personnel relating to the executive branch.
Modern presidents use the bully pulpit to persuade the public on a virtually continuous basis.
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