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Transcript of Inventions
The Growth of Industry
1897: Average of 60 patents or licenses were being granted every day. 21,000 patents were granted that year. More than the entire 1850s.
Between 1870 and 1900, more than 500,000 patents had been issued. The United States had become the land of the inventor.
Pg. 561-566: Create a table in your notes
explaining the inventions of the following listed
-Samuel Morse -Thomas Edison
-Cyrus Field -George Westinghouse
-Alexander Graham Bell -Elijah McCoy
-George Eastman -Lewis Howard Latimer
-John Thurman -Granville Woods
-Jan E. Matzeliger -Henry Ford
-Orville and Wilbur Wright
Samuel Morse invented the telegraph in 1844. Operators transmitted messages in Morse code.
Cyrus Field managed to lay a telegraph cable or transatlantic cable across the Atlantic Ocean.
Alexander Graham Bell developed a
device that transmitted speech or the telephone. Bell offered to sell his invention for $100,000, but the telegraph company turned him down. He then started the Bell Telephone company and made millions!
typewriter (1868), cash register/adding machine (1888),Kodak camera (1888), vacuum cleaner (1899),fountain pen (1884), safety razor with throwaway blades (1895), gas powered engine (1893), washing machine (1874)
Labor Saving Inventions
The Wizard of Menlo Park
Thomas Edison and his team came up with
hundreds of inventions. The light bulb,
phonograph, motion picture projector,
storage battery are just a few.
1903: Kitty Hawk, North Carolina-
Orville and Wilbur Wright built a wood-and-canvas plane with 12-horsepower engine. They flew for 12 seconds over a distance of 120 ft.
Henry Ford didn't invent the automobile, but he did invent an affordable car that was durable.
allowed each worker to perform an assigned task again and again at a certain stage in the production. It allowed the manufacturer to produce large quantities of goods quickly. This
of goods decreased manufacturing costs, so goods could be sold more cheaply. Ford sold 15 million Model T's.
1. What changes in transportation and communication transformed America?
2. How did labor-saving inventions affect life in America?