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Animation Lecture 1
Transcript of Animation Lecture 1
Dr Penny de Byl
Principles of Animation
Stop Motion Animation
Skeletons & Rigging
Export & Reuse
End Semester Exam
... and then they invented film!!
5,200-year old Iranian Bowl
4000-year old Egyptian Murals
1509 Leonardo Da Vinci
Anatomical Studies of the Muscles of the Neck, Shoulder, Chest and Arm
180AD China & 1833 Zoetrope invented by William George Horner.
c 1650 The Magic Lantern
1831 Phenakistoscope (Joseph Plateau, Belgium & Simon von Stampfer, Austria
Muybridge, Eadweard, 1830-1904, artist.
"The zoopraxiscope* - a couple waltzing"
Masstransiscope, Bill Brand 1980
Flip Book first patented by John Barnes Linnett in 1868 as a kineograph.
Gangnam Style Flip Book
Praxinoscope invented by Charles-Emile Reynaud in 1877
This Weeks Homework
.. in the
58,000 frames, 70 minutes, 14 fps
The Adventures of Prince Achmed
Oldest surviving animated film
silhouette, 65 minutes, 24fps
First animation with
Shuzhendong Chinese Typewriter
first animation in a commercial, 1922
First feature-length animation
Flowers & Trees
First animation in 3-strip technicolour (Disney)
The New Gulliver
Lady & the Tramp
Hand-inking replaced with Xerography
First 3D steroscopic animation
The Adventures of Mark Twain
First feature length clay-animation
The Rescuers Down Under
First animation produced without a camera
First feature length 3D
computer generated movie.
Wizards and Giants
First film animated with Flash
Appleseed & Steamboy
First feature length cel-shaded animations
First feature stop motion shot with digital still cameras
First feature digitally animated by one person
Fly Me to the Moon
First feature film animation made for 3D viewing
1953 First Flight Simulation
Richard Day at NASA
1968, Ed Catmull digitises and animates his hand.
1974 Ed Catmull
develops tweening algorithm
1977 Lucas Arts includes Computer Animation in Scene
1982, First scene in a feature
film completely computer generated.
Star Trek II: Wrath of Khan
1984, Alpha Buffering (Lucas Film)
First used in "Young Sherlock Holmes"
1984, Digital Video Compositing Algorithm (Lucas Film)
1985, Pixar Imaging Computer
2006, Disney purchases Pixar
1986, Steve Jobs purchase Pixar. Luxor Jr first computer animation nominated for Oscar.
2001, Academy of Motion Pictures introduces Oscar for best Animated Film. First won by Shrek.
2012, Disney buys Lucas Film
Persistence of vision
The human eye retains an
after image on the retina for a fraction of a second.
Flicker Fusion Threshold
Frames per second required to see constant motion (usually ~24)
Digital Light Processing
DLP Rainbow Effect
Apparent movement produced by luminous stationary lights.
Gestalt principle of movement perception.
Movement perceived from a series of slightly different
successive images or frames.
Wagon Wheel Effect
Animated Film & TV
Stop Motion Viral Ad for Ebay
Patient Dental Procedure Education
DreamWorks Animation Production Pipeline