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Theoretical Perspectives in Child Development

A summary of theories and theorists regarding the development of knowledge, how the mind works and the reasons for our want to learn
by

Chandra Tally

on 14 May 2011

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Transcript of Theoretical Perspectives in Child Development

All In Theory Information Processing Theory Focuses on what goes on INSIDE the learners mind. What the cognitive processes are for learning, memory and performance. Theorists:
Richard Atkinson
Richard Shiffrin
John Anderson
Alan Baddeley
Elizabeth Loftus Robert Siegler
Deanna Kuhn
John Flavell
Robbie Case
Kurt Fischer
Nicki Crick
Kenneth Dodge Originally compared the mind to a computer in the way it stores, retrieves and uses information. Sensory Register Short-Term Memory Long-Term Memory Behaviorism Theory Theorists:
B.F. Skinner
Edward Thorndike
Ivan Pavlov
Clark Hull
Dorothea Lerman
Jack Michael Thought processes cannot be directly observed and measured. Instead, they focus on people's behaviors and the environmental events that surround those behaviors. Sociocultural Theory Theorists:
Lev Vygotsky
Barbara Rogoff
Jean Lave
Mary Gauvain Social, cultural and historical contexts influence a child's growth, development and learning. If a child is raised around an environment that requires them to learn a specific knowledge base, they have this knowledge prior to others in their age group who have a different cultural background. VALUES, GOALS and ATTRIBUTIONS vary with different sociocultural backgrounds. Cognitive Development Theory related theories Theorists:
Jean Piaget
Jerome Bruner
Robbie Case
Kurt Fischer
Lawrence Kohlberg Children's social environments are essential for their cognitive development. Focuses on qualitative, stagelike changes in children's characteristics and abilities. Social Learning Theory aka Social Cognitive Theory Theorists:
Albert Bandura
Dale Schunk
Barry Zimmerman Focus on how people learn from observing one another, because people model what they see. SELF EFFICACY (the belief that you can accomplish a certain task) is a factor in starting and/or completing an activity. In addition to self efficacy, they place importance on setting goals and reaching certain goals.....This ties to.................. Goal Theory Theorists:
Carol Dweck
Carol Ames
Paul Pintrich
Edwin Locke
Gary Latham Focus on the outcomes that people are directing their efforts to accomplish "Goals" are not limited to academic goals or achievement goals, but also financial, social and physical/mental well being. Self Worth Theory Theorists:
Marvin Covington A basic human need. Maintaining ones sense of selfworth is a high priority in the way people act. The use of SELF HANDICAPPING is common to maintaining a healthy self worth when confronted with a need to justify failures.
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