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Theoretical Perspectives in Child Development
Transcript of Theoretical Perspectives in Child Development
Elizabeth Loftus Robert Siegler
Kenneth Dodge Originally compared the mind to a computer in the way it stores, retrieves and uses information. Sensory Register Short-Term Memory Long-Term Memory Behaviorism Theory Theorists:
Jack Michael Thought processes cannot be directly observed and measured. Instead, they focus on people's behaviors and the environmental events that surround those behaviors. Sociocultural Theory Theorists:
Mary Gauvain Social, cultural and historical contexts influence a child's growth, development and learning. If a child is raised around an environment that requires them to learn a specific knowledge base, they have this knowledge prior to others in their age group who have a different cultural background. VALUES, GOALS and ATTRIBUTIONS vary with different sociocultural backgrounds. Cognitive Development Theory related theories Theorists:
Lawrence Kohlberg Children's social environments are essential for their cognitive development. Focuses on qualitative, stagelike changes in children's characteristics and abilities. Social Learning Theory aka Social Cognitive Theory Theorists:
Barry Zimmerman Focus on how people learn from observing one another, because people model what they see. SELF EFFICACY (the belief that you can accomplish a certain task) is a factor in starting and/or completing an activity. In addition to self efficacy, they place importance on setting goals and reaching certain goals.....This ties to.................. Goal Theory Theorists:
Gary Latham Focus on the outcomes that people are directing their efforts to accomplish "Goals" are not limited to academic goals or achievement goals, but also financial, social and physical/mental well being. Self Worth Theory Theorists:
Marvin Covington A basic human need. Maintaining ones sense of selfworth is a high priority in the way people act. The use of SELF HANDICAPPING is common to maintaining a healthy self worth when confronted with a need to justify failures.