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Child Soliders

Civics Project
by

Vithy Ravindran

on 26 October 2012

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Transcript of Child Soliders

Child Soldiers WHAT IS THE ISSUE? WHERE IS IT TAKING PLACE? By Vithy It takes place in ... December 10, 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations
proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

This declaration was to be publicized through all of the member countries of the UN and displayed around those countries to prevent future violation of rights.

There are mainly two rights that are being violated by using children as soldiers.

Article 5: No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment of punishment.

Article 26: Everyone has the right to education.

According to the most recent annual human rights report of the US. State Department, "an estimated quarter of a million children, even as young as age 6, have been conscripted to serve as soldiers in dozens of armed conflicts around the world

It also violates the universal rule that children simply have no part in warfare. This was noted in an important study released by the United Nations last year. Whose Rights Being Violated
and by whom?

There are 2 rights that are being violated by using children as soldiers.

Article 5: No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment of punishment.

Article 26: Everyone has the right to education. On December 10, 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations proclaimed the United Nations and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
This declaration was to publish through all of the member countries of the UN and display around those countries to prevent future violation of rights. WHY ARE THESE RIGHTS BEING VIOLATED?
HOW ARE THEY BEING VIOLATED? These rules are being violated because Armies around the war need to recruit soldiers and they aren't much people able to fight so they have to force people to fight, also because little kids can easily be tricked into fighting for a very less income. Child Soldiers are tortured, beat, and threatened to join the army, the military around the world involving children and after they join the army they don't get paid enough or paid at all and also beat or badly wounded if they do something wrong and when they do that they have violated Article 5. Also if they tried to escape they get shot or get killed. Not only the girls are forced to fight they are sexually abused. Also, because the children are being driven from schooling where children should and forced to fight , Article 26 has been violated. When they make children fight in the war and give them guns in their hands and force them to fight they have violated the universal rule. Does Money and Poverty play a role in this issue? Poverty and Money doesn't play a big role in use of Child Soldiers but definitely plays a role. Under international law, the participation of children under 18 in armed conflict is generally prohibited, and the recruitment and use of children under 15 is a war crime. But still worldwide, hundreds of thousands of children are recruited into government armed forces, and a variety of other armed groups. Often they are abducted at school, on the streets or at home. Others enlist voluntarily, usually because they have have no choice to because of poverty, and money. All of the children who go to war are robbed of their childhood and exposed to terrible dangers and to psychological and physical suffering. They are placed in very dangerous situations, used as spies, messengers, servants or to lay or clear landmines. Girls in particular are at risk of rape and sexual abuse. So overall Poerty doesn't play a huge role but does play a role for some children but most children who are in war was abducted. Case Study Fatmata is a 14-year-old girl who had been abducted by theRevolutionary United Front (RUF) in Sierra Leone's brutal war. She hadseen her parents killed and her village destroyed. Her captor took her ashis ‘wife’, meaning that she had to provide sex and cook and clean forhim on demand. A refusal to do so was punishable by death. Fatmata never fought but carried heavy loads for the RUF. Eventually, she
contracted HIV, became pregnant, and transmitted HIV to her baby. When the war ended she returned to her home village with her baby. She reports that her biggest problems are the lack of money to pay for food or medicines and also the stigma she feels as an unmarried woman who has a child. In her words, to be unmarried in
Sierra Leone is worse than death, as others look down on her. She has little formal education, no job skills nor other means of earning a living. The situation is complicated by the presence of her former captor in the village, creating ambiguity about whether he can beregarded as her ‘husband’. While her family support Fatmata insaying he is not her husband, other members of community are less
clear about this. Fatmata has not been feeling well. She says she has a “heavy
heart” which is a local way of saying that she feels constant and profound sadness. She asked herself repeatedly “What will happento me and my baby?” According to local tradition, Fatmata is spiritually impure because she has been raped and this is seen as contributing to her feeling unwell. Ways you can help! Organizations trying to help Human Rights Watch Coalition to stop the use
of child soldiers Invisible Children These are more child soldiers What is being done to stop this issue? Why is this important to bring to our attention? BY: Vithy R.
Thanusan B.
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