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Carbon Taxes

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by

Catie Morris

on 10 December 2014

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Transcript of Carbon Taxes

European Union
Introduction
What is a Carbon Tax?

Why is it important to regulate carbon emissions?

Disciplinary problems

Interdisciplinary recommendations
http://www.realclearenergy.org/charticles/2014/06/12/carbon_strategies_around_the_world.html
Geography
variations in physical geography
temperature
transportation infrastructure
renewable resources
http://berkeleyearth.org/graphics/physical-effects-of-warming
Geography
poltical geography
regional party divisions
http://narcosphere.narconews.com/thefield/field-projects-obama-307-electoral-votes-mccain-231
Geographic Solutions
carbon production and carbon consumption
Global North and the Global South
Bergmann, Luke. 2013. "Bound by Chains of Carbon: Ecological-Economic Geographies of Globalization."
Annals of the Associations of American Geographers
103 (6): 1348-70. doi:10.80/0045608.2013.779547.
Carbon Taxes
Psychological Barriers
Enforcement
Anthropology
knowledge gap between ordinary people and environmental experts from different disciplines (Packalén 2010)

lack of cultural perspective

no value placed on anthropological research and perspective (Henning 2005)

Trust across countries

Consistency
Economics
Policy Challenges
Cost Determination

Tax Collection

Revenue
Potential negative effect on social welfare (Jorgenson et al 1992)

Role politicians have in passing tax legislation (Sumner et al 2011)

Difficult to obtain real observational evidence
1. Dragons of Inaction

2. Do No Harm Effect

3. Identifiability Effect

4. Endowment Effect

5. Tax is a "Dirty" Word

partnerships with climate change advocacy groups (Crate 2011, Henning 2005)

culturally appropriate solutions to solve rising carbon dioxide emissions

Economic
Solutions
Pigouvian System vs Gradual Tax (Wirl 2014)

Upstream Collection Method (Lackner & Wilson 2008)
Cultural Connections and Input
International Regulatory Bodies
Problems
Solutions
Recommendations
Recommendations
Offset Revenue (Gardner 2008)
Psychology Solutions
Use a word besides tax like offset or fee
Introduction
Bibliography
Austin Bowley, Catie Morris, Romel Ramirez Garcia, Malaika Simmons, Nalyn Siripanichgon
United Nations
http://www.councilforthenationalinterest.org/new/european-union-announces-renewed-support-for-palestinians/#.VIVHg6TF-0c
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_the_United_Nations.svg
http://www.troymedia.com/2014/12/04/a-carbon-tax-will-take-a-big-bite-out-of-your-wallet/
http://amymarquez.com/knowledge-gap-in-ux-design/
(Marron and Toder 2014)
(Herber and Raga 1995)
(Bergmann 2013).
(McAfee 2012).
(Hovi and Holtsmark 2006)
Andrews, Clinton J. 1998. “Public Policy and the Geography of U.S. Environmentalism.” Social Science Quarterly (University of Texas Press) 79 (1): 55–73.

Bergmann, Luke1, luke.bergmann@gmail.com. 2013. “Bound by Chains of Carbon: Ecological–Economic Geographies of Globalization.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 103 (6): 1348–70. doi:10.1080/00045608.2013.779547.

Crate, Susan A. 2011. “Climate and Culture: Anthropology in the Era of Contemporary Climate Change.” Annual Review of Anthropology 40 (January): 175–94.

Gardner, Dan. "Carbon Taxes Pass the Economics 101 Test." Times - Colonist, Sep 18, 2008. http://ezproxy.lib.davidson.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/348217345?accountid=10427

Gifford, Robert. "The Dragons of Inaction: Psychological Barriers that Limit Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation." American Psychologist 66, no. 4 (05, 2011): 290-302.\

Henning, Annette. 2005. “Climate Change and Energy Use: The Role for Anthropological Research.” Anthropology Today 21 (3): 8–12.

Heppen, John. 2003. “Racial and Social Diversity and U.S. Presidential Election Regions.” Professional Geographer 55 (2): 191–205. doi:10.1111/0033-0124.5502007.

Herber, Bernard P., and Jose T. Raga. 1995. “An International Carbon Tax to Combat Global Warming: An Economic and Political Analysis of the European Union Proposal.” American Journal of Economics & Sociology 54 (3): 257–67.

Hovi, Jon, and Bjart Holtsmark. 2006. “Cap-and-Trade or Carbon Taxes? The Feasibility of Enforcement and the Effects of Non-Compliance.” International Environmental Agreements : Politics, Law and Economics 6 (2): 137–55. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10784-006-9002-6.

Hsu, Shi-Ling. "Carbon Tax Psychology." In , 147-180: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, 2012.

Jorgenson, Dale W., Daniel T. Slesnick, and Peter J. Wilcoxen. "Carbon Taxes and Economic Welfare." Brookings Papers on Economic Activity (1992): 393-454. ProQuest. Web. 6 Nov. 2014

Kerr, Andy. 2007. “Serendipity Is Not a Strategy: The Impact of National Climate Programmes on Greenhouse-Gas Emissions.” Area 39 (4): 418–30. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4762.2007.00773.x.

Lackner, K. S. and R. Wilson. "The Importance of Controlling Carbon Not Emissions Or Mpg*." Toxicology and Industrial Health 24, no. 9 (10, 2008): 573-80. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0748233708098123. http://ezproxy.lib.davidson.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/223280346?accountid=10427.

Marron, Donald B., and Eric J. Toder. 2014. “Tax Policy Issues in Designing a Carbon Tax.” The American Economic Review 104 (5): 563–68. doi:10.1257/aer.104.5.563.

Mcafee, Kathleen. 2012. “Nature in the Market-World: Ecosystem Services and Inequality.” Development 55 (1): 25–33. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/dev.2011.105.

Neumayer, Eric. 2004. “National Carbon Dioxide Emissions: Geography Matters.” Area 36 (1): 33–40. doi:10.1111/j.0004-0894.2004.00317.x.

Packalén, Sture. 2010. "Culture and sustainability." Corporate Social Responsibility & Environmental Management 17, no. 2: 118-121. Environment Complete, EBSCOhost.

Paterson, Matthew. 2012. “Who and What Are Carbon Markets for? Politics and the Development of Climate Policy.” Climate Policy 12 (1): 82–97.

Rabe, Barry G. 1. and Christopher P. 2. Borick. "Carbon Taxation and Policy Labeling: Experience from American States and Canadian Provinces." Review of Policy Research 29, no. 3 (05, 2012): 358-382.

Shi-Ling Hsu. "The Politics and Psychology of Gasoline Taxes: An Empirical Study." Widener Law Review 15, no. 2 (03, 2010): 363-389.
Andrews, Clinton J. 1998. “Public Policy and the Geography of U.S. Environmentalism.” Social Science Quarterly (University of Texas Press) 79 (1): 55–73.

Sumner, Jenny, Lori Bird, and Hillary Dobos. "Carbon Taxes: A Review of Experience and Policy Design Considerations." Climate Policy 11, no. 2 (2011): 922-943. http://ezproxy.lib.davidson.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/863654794?accountid=10427.

Wirl, Franz. "Optimal Introduction of Carbon Taxes- Optimization Challenges in Energy Economics." Energy Systems 5, no. 1 (03, 2014): 3-17. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12667-012-0071-z. http://ezproxy.lib.davidson.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1497152556?accountid=10427.

(Gifford 2011)
(Kerr 2007, Neumayer 2004).
(Hsu 2012)
(Hsu 2012)
(Hsu 2012)
(Andrews 1998, Heppen 2003).
(Rabe & Borick 2012)
(Hsu 2010)
(Barry & Borick 2012)
(Herber and Raga 1995)
(Paterson 2012)
Federal Regulation

Use the existing tax system

Legislation based on economic research

Incorporation of anthropological research in decision making process

Policy packaging
http://redsail-consulting.com/?page_id=6950
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