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Cause and Effect Essay

The Step Not Taken by Paul D' Angelo
by

Alina Rizvi

on 18 February 2014

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Transcript of Cause and Effect Essay

1) Establish your direction
Decide whether you want to talk about:
Causes
Effects or
Both

Stylistic Devices
Introduction
The aim of this type of essay is to explain the
causes (reasons)
or the
effects (results)
of an event or situation.
The Step Not Taken
Summary:
There are two people in an elevator, the narrator and a young man. The man suddenly starts to cry. The narrator does not know what to do so he leaves him alone. He regrets doing so.
Cause and Effect Essay
Revolves around the question "WHY?"
2) Present a clear thesis
Your thesis must inform the readers of your
PURPOSE
or
INTENTION
.
Thesis:

Anecdote
Starts with an Anecdote (a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person.)
Gives the Background Information

by: Alina, Fauzan, Marko and Muna
by Paul D' Angelo
We can explain
WHY
something happened
by exploring the
Cause(s)
We can explain
WHY
something is good or bad
by exploring the
Effects
Cause
Effect
Action that leads to a result (or Consequence).
The Result (or Consequence).
EVENT
Cause
Steps to writing an Effective Cause and effect essay:
3) Follow an organizational Pattern:


Chronological order

discusses the causes and effects in the order in which they occur.
Emphatic order
reserves the strongest or main point (cause or effect) until the end.
4) Use Transition
Transitional words help the reader follow your cause and effect analysis.

5) Draw a conclusion
Restate your thesis and reach a conclusion : The CAUSE or EFFECT
Use Transition words in Conclusion too!
Transitional Words
As a result,
As a consequence,
Consequently,
So,
Since,
Hence,
Therefore,
Thereupon,
Because,


Effect
1

Effect
2

Effect
3

N
W
"And what I did next still shames me."
This shows that because he did not take the "STEP", the narrator regrets(Effect) his actions(Cause)
Repetition
Rhetorical Questions
EFFECTIVE:

Lets the reader know about what happened that day.

The reader will know the emotion the author is trying to evoke. (Suspense)
Repeats : "I should have.."

Lists some EFFECTS of what he could have done to help the man.

Repeats : "That I...."

Evokes emotion
Shows how sorry he was





EFFECTIVE:
Emphasizes key phrases.
The fact that he could have done at least something.
That he is sorry.

Asks himself questions
Looks for the cause of those tears.
Considers what he could have done to help the man.
1 Cause -> Many Effects

Bowling Strike!!
EFFECTIVE:
How one action(Cause) can result in regret.
Conclusion
LETS GET
CREATIVE :) !!!
WE NEED SOME VOLUNTEERS
"That I'm sorry"
Basically your essay is just answering the question "WHY?"
Full transcript