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Cinematography

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by

J M

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Cinematography

Cinematography
The Rule of Thirds is a technique that makes photos more interesting. Imagine that every time you take a picture, there is a 3 by 3 grid over it. Placing the most important features along the grid can help create dynamics and sense of direction rather than an awkward photo.
The Rule of Thirds
Introduction
There are many fundamental techniques in cinematography. In this presentation, we will be discussing 10 useful techniques to make your video stunning, dynamic, and interesting.
The Rule of Thirds
The Over the Shoulder Shot
The Panning Shot
The Ken Burns Effect
The Tilt Shot
The Dutch Angle
The Close Up
Three Point Lighting
The Crane Shot
Forced Perspective
Over the Shoulder Shots are shots from the position of a character in a scene. They allow the viewer to be more than a viewer and actually experience the perspective of someone in a scene.
The Over the Shoulder Shot
Panning is a photography technique that refers to a horizontal scrolling of an image that is bigger than the frame. In other words, its basically moving the camera form one side of the image to the other.
The Panning Shot
The Ken Burns Effect
The Ken Burns Effect is a technique used on still images named after documentary director Ken Burns. The effect involves panning and zooming around an image to give it action and movement rather than a plain, still image.
Dutch Angle
In cinematography, the Dutch Angle is created by tilting the camera relative to the scene, so that the horizon is at an angle. The Dutch Angle is used to show the tension or psychological uneasiness of the subject. It is also used to make the viewer feel off balance, and to create a strange feeling of disorientation.
Tilt shots are similar to pan shots. The only difference is that tilt shots move vertically instead of horizontally. If an object is very tall, such as a skyscraper, tilt shots can capture the whole object in one sweep.
The Tilt Shot
Close up shots are very self explanatory. They are basically a zoomed in shot of your subject to show intense detail, but not in a wide area. These are mainly used to show characters' intense emotions, or some intricate motion that must be zoomed in to see.
Close Up
Three Point Lighting is a standard lighting technique used by cinematographers. It is named that because it uses three separate lights to illuminate the subject. The three lights are called the key light, which is also the main light, the fill light, and the back light.
Three Point Lighting
Crane Shots
Crane shots are taken by a camera on a crane (hence the name crane shot). Crane shots can be used to view actors from above in a different perspective. Another technique is moving up and away from actors, usually to end a movie. Crane shots can also move down on a scene.
Forced Perspective
Forced perspective is a technique that involves an optical illusion, making an object larger, smaller, or farther away than it really is. If used appropriately, it can add a stunning and interesting effect to your video.
Conclusion
As you have learned from this presentation, there are so many interesting techniques (not just in this presentation!) that you can include in your video to make it much more attractive and interesting to watch. If you apply all of these essential techniques to your video, then you will end up with a professional, organized, and well thought out video.
Full transcript