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Transcript of Sentence Structure
Subject (noun) and a predicate (verb). These are known as
Example: Dogs bark. An independent clause is abbreviated as "IC".
It is also known as a Simple Sentence. There are 4 types of sentence structures. They are: 1. simple sentence
2. compound sentences
3. complex sentences
4. compound-complex sentences Varying Sentence Structure Another way to remember these is… For - F
And - A
Nor - N
But - B
Or - O
Yet - Y
So - S FANBOYS Coordinating Conjunctions To make your writing more interesting, you should try to vary your sentences in terms of length and structure. You can make some of your sentences long and others short. Read the two paragraphs on the next page. Adding Variety to Sentence Structure You can make a compound sentence by joining two logically related independent clauses by using…
- a semicolon
- a coordinating conjunction
- a transition Compound Sentence You will want to use a variety of sentence structures in your writing. There are four types of sentences we will study in this lesson:
- Simple Sentence
- Compound Sentence
- Complex Sentence
- Compound-Complex Sentence How do you vary sentence structure? Verb = Independent Clause or.. Subject A simple sentence has one independent clause (one subject and a verb):
Dogs bark. The Simple Sentence I love living in the city of San Francisco. I have a wonderful view of the entire city from my apartment window. In addition, I can see the Golden Gate Bridge under which many cargo ships pass each day. I also like San Francisco because I can find wonderful restaurants with food from just about every country; however, I don’t like the traffic in the city. I love living in the city. I have a wonderful view of the entire city. I have an apartment. I can see the Golden Gate Bridge. I can see many cargo ships pass under the bridge each day. I like the restaurants in San Francisco. I can find wonderful food from just about every country. I don’t like the traffic in the city. Read the paragraphs below. Choose the
paragraph that is more effective. Two Paragraphs Subordinating Conjunction Dependent Clause Independent Clause A complex sentence contains at least one independent clause and one dependent clause.
She will go to school in the city
until she finds a job. Example- Complex Sentence Simple Sentence The necklace was beautiful but expensive. No comma- not an independent clause Independent Clause Do NOT use a comma every time you use the words and, or, but, nor, for, so, yet. Use a comma only when the coordinating conjunction joins two independent clauses. CAUTION! IC. IC Independent Clause ,coordinating conjunction Independent Clause
He couldn’t watch the show , so he decided to tape it. Using a Coordinating Conjunction IC IC. Independent Clause ; Independent Clause
I love living in the city ; there are so many things to do. Using a Semicolon Independent Clause. Independent Clause A compound sentence contains two independent clauses that are joined together.
She cried, I laughed. Compound Sentence Subordinating Conjunction Dependent Clause Independent Clause A complex sentence contains at least one independent clause and one dependent clause. Complex Sentences John cannot set up his typewriter because the wall has no outlet. Independent Clause. Independent Clause ; Independent Clause ; transition , Independent Clause
I love San Francisco ; however, I hate the traffic. Using a Transition Use a comma if the dependent clause is the first part of the sentence. Independent Clause Subordinating Conjunction Use a comma after a dependent clause if it begins the sentence. Complex Sentences When I first moved to the city,
I was afraid to drive the steep and narrow streets. IC , IC. , IC. ; ,CC only use cc when joining two IC's CC's = FANBOYS Traditional grammar classifies words
based on eight parts of speech:
1. the verb,
2. the noun,
3. the pronoun,
4. the adjective,
5. the adverb,
6. the preposition,
7. the conjunction,
8. and the interjection. variations of the simple sentence:
Run! (you is implied)
Some dogs bark loudly.