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Sentence Structure

The compound-complex sentence is described in this prezi. Explore what makes a compound-complex sentence in a fun way

Paul Perez-Jimenez

on 13 October 2012

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Transcript of Sentence Structure

Sentence Structure Now that you've heard of compound sentences and complex sentences. But what is a compound-complex sentence? A compound-complex sentence contains two or more independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause. So it's like a compound sentence in the fact that it has at least one independent clause And it's like a complex sentence in the way that it has at least one subordinate clause Hence the name compound-complex sentence All sentences are made up of... Independent clause: expresses one complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. A dependent clause (also known as a subordinate clause): Does not express a complete thought and can not stand alone as a sentence There are two different kinds of subordinate clauses. Adverb and Adjective clauses Adverb clauses: Usually begin with subordinating conjunctions. Subordinating conjunctions: after, as, because, if, since, and when. Adjective clauses: Usually begin with relative pronouns. Relative Pronouns: who, whose, whom, which, and that. Here are some examples Example 1 The band began to play, and Clarrissa was pulled onto the floor for a dance that was starting. Example 2 Whenever we go on vacation, our neighbors mow our yard, and they collect our mail. Well, you've seen the examples, identified the clauses, and heard all the basics That's all you need to know about Adjective clause Independent caluse Subordinating conjuntion and comma joining the two independent clauses Independent clause Adverb clause Subordinating conjunction and comma that joins the two independent clauses A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. (Helpful hint: The first letter of each of the coordinators spells FANBOYS.) Except for very short sentences, coordinators are always preceded by a comma. In the following compound sentences, subjects are in yellow, verbs are in green, and the coordinators and the commas that precede them are in red. dependent clause is abbreviated as..."DC" Words...that are classified as... Parts of Speech.. The most basic sentence is comprised of a..
Subject (noun) and a predicate (verb). These are known as
Independent Clauses.

Example: Dogs bark. An independent clause is abbreviated as "IC".

It is also known as a Simple Sentence. There are 4 types of sentence structures. They are: 1. simple sentence
2. compound sentences
3. complex sentences
4. compound-complex sentences Varying Sentence Structure Another way to remember these is… For  - F
And  - A
Nor  - N
But  - B
Or  - O
Yet  - Y
So  - S FANBOYS Coordinating Conjunctions To make your writing more interesting, you should try to vary your sentences in terms of length and structure. You can make some of your sentences long and others short. Read the two paragraphs on the next page. Adding Variety to Sentence Structure You can make a compound sentence by joining two logically related independent clauses by using…

- a semicolon
- a coordinating conjunction
- a transition Compound Sentence You will want to use a variety of sentence structures in your writing. There are four types of sentences we will study in this lesson:

- Simple Sentence
- Compound Sentence
- Complex Sentence
- Compound-Complex Sentence How do you vary sentence structure? Verb = Independent Clause or.. Subject A simple sentence has one independent clause (one subject and a verb):

Dogs bark. The Simple Sentence I love living in the city of San Francisco. I have a wonderful view of the entire city from my apartment window. In addition, I can see the Golden Gate Bridge under which many cargo ships pass each day. I also like San Francisco because I can find wonderful restaurants with food from just about every country; however, I don’t like the traffic in the city. I love living in the city. I have a wonderful view of the entire city. I have an apartment. I can see the Golden Gate Bridge. I can see many cargo ships pass under the bridge each day. I like the restaurants in San Francisco. I can find wonderful food from just about every country. I don’t like the traffic in the city. Read the paragraphs below. Choose the
paragraph that is more effective. Two Paragraphs Subordinating Conjunction Dependent Clause Independent Clause A complex sentence contains at least one independent clause and one dependent clause.
She will go to school in the city

until she finds a job. Example- Complex Sentence Simple Sentence The necklace was beautiful but expensive. No comma- not an independent clause Independent Clause Do NOT use a comma every time you use the words and, or, but, nor, for, so, yet. Use a comma only when the coordinating conjunction joins two independent clauses. CAUTION! IC. IC Independent Clause ,coordinating conjunction Independent Clause

He couldn’t watch the show , so he decided to tape it. Using a Coordinating Conjunction IC IC. Independent Clause ; Independent Clause

I love living in the city ; there are so many things to do. Using a Semicolon Independent Clause. Independent Clause A compound sentence contains two independent clauses that are joined together.

She cried, I laughed. Compound Sentence Subordinating Conjunction Dependent Clause Independent Clause A complex sentence contains at least one independent clause and one dependent clause. Complex Sentences John cannot set up his typewriter because the wall has no outlet. Independent Clause. Independent Clause ; Independent Clause ; transition , Independent Clause

I love San Francisco ; however, I hate the traffic. Using a Transition Use a comma if the dependent clause is the first part of the sentence. Independent Clause Subordinating Conjunction Use a comma after a dependent clause if it begins the sentence. Complex Sentences When I first moved to the city,

I was afraid to drive the steep and narrow streets. IC , IC. , IC. ; ,CC only use cc when joining two IC's CC's = FANBOYS Traditional grammar classifies words
based on eight parts of speech:
1. the verb,
2. the noun,
3. the pronoun,
4. the adjective,
5. the adverb,
6. the preposition,
7. the conjunction,
8. and the interjection. variations of the simple sentence:
Run! (you is implied)
Some dogs bark loudly.
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