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Why Austria-Hungary didn't start the war

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Jada Hoyle

on 14 November 2012

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Transcript of Why Austria-Hungary didn't start the war

And in the beginning there was... The union (of Austria and Hungary) was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, under which the House of Habsburg agreed to share power with the separate Hungarian government.
Instead of being unified, Austria-Hungary was a melting pot of several different nationalities
Germans 24% * Croats 5% Magyars (Hungarians) 20% *Serbs 4% *Czechs 13% *Slovaks 4% *Poles 10% *Slovenes 3% *Ruthenians (Ukranians) 8% Italians 3%. Rumanians 6% Germans, Serbians, War OH MY! Overall, the Germans were the ruling nationality in the
Austrian part of the empire.

However,in Hungary near Serbia,
the Serbians were the dominating factor.
Overall,both Germany and Serbia wished to have more political influence in the empire. the july crsis and our response After the Serbians killed our beloved archduke, we sent an ultimatum on July 23, 1914, to Serbia. It consisted of 10 parts... YOU ARE THE WEAKEST LINK, GOODBYE Both the Germans and the Serbians were threatening the unity of the Austria-Hungarian empire by demanding more than they needed.

Of course, one of them had to be "put down." Knowing the Serbians had a weaker influence than Germany, we decided to convince the Kingdom of Serbia to stop inciting trouble diplomatically. While on a peaceful visit to Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, the archduke Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were shot and killed in cold blood by a Bosnian-Serb nationalist Problems, problems, problems Not only were the Germans and Serbians pushing their limits in our Empire, but we had more things to worry about.

We had done a lot of imperializing leading up to the war, just like many other of the world powers . Our territory consisted of most of southeastern Europe including the present day countries of Austria, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Italy, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and the Ukraine.
Our territory was being threatened by the Russians, so we had to respond!

We stationed about 200,000 troops in the Galician Front near Serbia, to prevent the Russians from expanding into our territory at the Balkans!
The Serbians didn't like this. But we were only trying to defend our territory! Serbian tensions grow The Serbians were apparently feeling tense with our troops near their land, even if we only had intentions of holding of the Russians, and besides, the Treaty of Berlin gave us the right to station troops there!
Article 25 of the Treaty of Berlin says: The Government of Austria-Hungary, not desiring to undertake the administration of the Sanjak of Novibazar, which extends between Serbia and Montenegro in a southeasterly direction to the other side of Mitrovitza, the Ottoman Government will continue to exercise its functions there

But the Serbians were getting feisty..... more attempts to keep russia out!! In another measure to keep the Russians out of the Balkans, we formed an alliance, the Mediterranean Entente, with Britain and Italy in 1887 and concluded mutual defense pacts, with Germany in 1879 and with Romania in 1883, against possible Russian attack. (1) To suppress any publication which incites to hatred and contempt of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and the general tendency of which is directed against its territorial integrity;
(2) To dissolve immediately the society styled "Narodna Odbrana," to confiscate all its means of propaganda, and to proceed in the same manner against other societies and their branches in Serbia which engage in propaganda against the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. The Royal Government shall take the necessary measures to prevent the societies dissolved from continuing their activity under another name and form;
(3) To eliminate without delay from public instruction in Serbia, both as regards the teaching body and also as regards the methods of instruction, everything that serves, or might serve, to foment the propaganda against Austria-Hungary;
(4) To remove from the military service, and from the administration in general, all officers and functionaries guilty of propaganda against the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy whose names and deeds the Austro-Hungarian Government reserve to themselves the right of communicating to the Royal Government;
(5) To accept the collaboration in Serbia of representatives of the Austro-Hungarian Government for the suppression of the subversive movement directed against the territorial integrity of the Monarchy;
(6) To take judicial proceedings against accessories to the plot of the 28th of June who are on Serbian territory; delegates of the Austro-Hungarian Government will take part in the investigation relating thereto;
(7) To proceed without delay to the arrest of Major Voija Tankositch and of the individual named Milan Ciganovitch, a Serbian State employee, who have been compromised by the results of the magisterial inquiry at Serajevo;
(8) To prevent by effective measures the cooperation of the Serbian authorities in the illicit traffic in arms and explosives across the frontier, to dismiss and punish severely the officials of the frontier service at Shabatz Loznica guilty of having assisted the perpetrators of the Serajevo crime by facilitating their passage across the frontier;
(9) To furnish the Imperial and Royal Government with explanations regarding the unjustifiable utterances of high Serbian officials, both in Serbia and abroad, who, notwithstanding their official position, have not hesitated since the crime of the 28th of June to express themselves in interviews in terms of hostility to the Austro-Hungarian Government; and, finally,
(10) To notify the Imperial and Royal Government without delay of the execution of the measures comprised under the preceding heads. FAIL Serbia failed to accept our ultimatum...
We had no choice but to declare war on them on July 28, 1914 WE prepare for war warships TANKs Schwarzlose M.07/12 8mm Heavy Machine Gun destroyers including Streiter and Wildfang; submarines U.10 and U.20; and dreadnaughts including Szent Istvan army officer Günther Burstyn created the Burstyn tank aircraft Albatros D.II & III; Aviatik D.I (Berg D.I); Phonix D series; and 10 others preparing financially We would spend about 20 billion dollars on the war! Every country is screaming "IT WASN'T ME!" But lets take a look and see why it truly wasn't Austria-Hungary (because we all know it wasn't us). IT WENT DOWNHILL FROM THERE A few weeks after Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia mobilized its huge army (IT HAD 5,971,000 IN ITS STANDING ARMY COMPARED TO OUR 3,000,000).

knowing it didn't have to mobilize so many troops, Russia turned the war into something much more than it was aimed to be. With Russia mobilizing so many troops, Germany saw this as an act of war against Austria-Hungary, who was their ally. august 1-Germany declared war on Russia. This brought France into the picture, who was an ally of Russia. Germany took the risk and used neutral Belgium as a easy route to get to Paris. This caused Britain to get involved.

At first USA REMAINED NEUTRAL, UNTIL GERMANY started THREATENING AMERICAN SHIPPING, LEADING THE AMERICANS TO JOIN THE WAR Japan, who had a agreement with Britain, declared war on Germany. two days later Austria-Hungary declared war on japan.

Italy, who was supposed to be allies with Germany and Austria-Hungary, decided to join the war as allies of their enemies These alliances were thanks to no other than our good friend Germany. During the 1860s, Germany's Prime Minister Bismarck wanted to find a way of unifying Germany and giving it more European power. So he initiated these series of alliances, which were vaguely worded. In the end, he was only looking out for the well being of his country. In addition to Bismarck, Kaiser Wilhelm II also added to WW1 starting. Kaiser completely destroyed the relationships Bismarck had put into play, creating much hostility between the increasing Powers. He pushed former allies like Russia to become Germany's enemies, waiting for any chance to strike. Otto von Bismarck Kaiser Wilhelm II How does Austria-Hungary come into play? Germany saw the dispute between us and Serbia as a chance fight it out with Russia, who was taking measure to begin mobilizing. We weren't fully equipped for a war, but Germany kept saying how it would fully support us. Through manipulation, Germany persuaded us to declare war on Serbia. FIGHTING: WW1 STYLE Except for a few battles here and there, Austria-Hungary wasn't a significant player. But, whenever we involved ourselves in a battle, we were always heavily damaged. Some Major World War 1 Battles we were involved in are: kjbkbmb n Gallipoli Campaign
Central Powers won clear victory against Allied Powers who were trying to open a third front Hundred Days Offensive
A series of offensive attacks against from the Allied and Associative Powers to the Central Powers. A Allied victory. February 16, 1915 – January 9, 1916 July 18 November 11, 1918 Battle of Vittori Veneto
Complete loss for Austria-Hungary against the Italians, British, Americans, and French October 24 November 12, 1917 Some of our own major Battles include:
The Battles of Insonzo against the Italians, which were an overall loss when Germany wasn't helping us.
The Battle of Cer which was a loss against the Serbians
The Battle of Piave River which was a victory over, but in the end only hindered us to letting italy win in our next battle How we went in, is how we came out.. We went into a war we supposedly started with "okay" leaders and "okay" army. Although our military and weaponry did get better during the war, we still weren't prepared.Unlike Russia, we didn't our military success prior to WWI get to our heads. NUMBERS DON'T LIE
Mobilized: 7,800,000
Killed: 1,200,000
wounded: 3,620,000
total casualties: 7,020,000
casualties percent of mobilized: 90 came out (not) on top ,n/.,m., What doesn't kill us, didn't make us stronger at all In the end, the Austria- Hungary Empire was broken up in fractions. We had to give up a lot of our territory and pay a large amount of money. Our economy and government also suffered greatly. Austria-Hungary was no more. Let's Recap How Austria-Hungary Was Not To Blame For Starting WW1 The Serbians were threatening the peace of the Empire, and instead of fully accepting our ultimatum, they decided to shot and kill our archduke and his wife. The Germans used our diplomatic issues as a opportunity to make us believe that they actually wanted to aid us. Instead, they just wanted to be one step ahead of Russia. Also, their leaders had made poorly worded alliance guidelines, which led to mistrust. The Russians were the first to mobilize. They didn't have to, because they could have chosen the path of neutrality like Italy, instead they wanted to be he center of attention. They caused the other European powers to get involved. Works Cited Smith, Gordon. “World War 1 at SeaAUSTRO-HUNGARIAN NAVY.Kaiserlich und Koniglichor k.u.kKriegsmarine.”Navalhistory.net./WW1NavyAustrian.htm
Sass, Erik. “World War I Centennial: Austria-Hungary Punts the Balkan Issue.” Mentalfloss.com./blogs/archives/143569.
“WWI Weapons: Old-school tactics met new-world technology in one of mankind's bloodiest and protracted conflicts.” Militaryfactory.com/world-war-1/weapons.asp.
Anderson, Frank Maloy and Amos Shartle Hershey. “The Austrian Occupation of Novibazar, 1878-1909.” Mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/boshtml/bos128.htm.
“Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.” History.com/this-day-in-history/austria-hungary-declares-war-on-serbia.
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Rickard, J. Battle of Krasnik. Historyofwar.org/articles/battles_krasnik.html.
Srbija,Naša. Battle of Cer.Srpskikod.org/en/first-level/march-on-the-drina/battle-of-cer.
Hickman, Kennedy. “World War I: Opening Campaign.” Militaryhistory.about.com/od/worldwari/a/wwi1914_3.htm.
Tonge, Stephen. “European History.”Historyhome.co.uk/europe/aus-hun.htm.
“WWI Causalities and Death.”Pbs.org/greatwar/resources/casdeath_pop.html.
Duffy, Michael. “The Battles of the Isonzo.”Firstworldwar.com/battles/isonzo.htm.
Duffy, Michael. “The Battle of Caporetto, 1917.”Firstworldwar.com/battles/caporetto.htm.
Dufy, Michael. “The Battle of the Isonzo, 1916.”Firstworldwar.com/battles/isonzo6.htm.
Duffy, Michael. “The First Battle of the Isonzo, 1915.”Firstworldwar.com/battles/isonzo1.htm.
Duffy, Michael. “The Battle of the Piave River, 1918.”Firstworldwar.com/battles/piaveriver.htm.
“Great World War/ World War I.”Worldology.com/Europe/world_war_1.htm.
Duffy. Michael. “The Causes of World War One.”Firstworldwar.com/origins/causes.htm.
Sheffield, Gary. “This war was no accident.” Guardian.co.uk/world/2008/nov/08/first-world-war-causes-deliberate-accident
“Battles of Isonzo.”Mapsofworld.com/world-war-i/battles-of-isonzo.html
“Battle of Vittori Veneto-1918.”Mapsofworld.com/world-war-i/battle-of-vittori-veneto.html
“Hundred Days Offensive.”Mapsofworld.com/world-war-i/hundred-days-offensive.html
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Simkin, John. “Austrian Imperial Army.”Spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWaustriaA.htm
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"Wrodl War One Timeline." Bbc.co.uk/remembrance/timeline/timeline-1919.shtml Alliances Bismarck knew that France was a major threat against Germany, and an alliance with Russia would only make it worse. So he decided to have an alliance with Russia ( Emperors' Alliance (1881) and the Reinsurance Treaty (1887). However, when Kaiser was put in charge, he destroyed that mutual relationship with Russia, believing that Germany couldn't be friends with both Austria-Hungary and Russia. Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Italy formed the Triple Alliance.
Seeing this as a threat, Russia decided to make its own alliance with France (Dual Alliance 1894). Russia was then accepted into the Entente Cordiale (1904) which was between France and Britain. It became the Triple Entente in 1907 when Russia joined. This provided Russia with even more military success for the future.
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