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Gandhi's Civil Disobedience Movement
Transcript of Gandhi's Civil Disobedience Movement
From 1930 until August of 1947, Mahatma Gandhi protested and demonstrated many nonviolent acts against the British forces.
Gandhi believed that the strong British control in India put many of the people living in the country, in poverty. Through acts of Satyagraha (nonviolent resistance or civil resistance) he helped India achieve independence.
Problems in India
On March 12, 1930 Gandhi and many followers began The Salt March. As he walked, the number of followers increased everyday. They walked barefoot for 240 miles to the Arabian Sea coast, and many collected salt, disregarding the British law. As the demonstration came to an end almost 60,000 Indian citizens including Gandhi, were imprisoned.
The Salt March of 1930
Salt was very much a staple in the Indian diet, and still is today. The British outlawed citizens to collect or sell salt from nearby sea coasts. This forced Indians to buy from the government, who placed a very high tax on the salt. The crushing taxes made it nearly impossible for many poor people of the country to buy it.
By: Ashley Kraft P. 7
Gandhi's Civil Disobedience Movement
"Untouchables" in India were greatly discriminated. They were the lowest class of people in the Hindu Caste System, and no one in higher classes would go near them or even look at them. Gandhi believed that the people should be freed from their discrimination and hardships.
In September of 1932, Gandhi took place in a very important fast (abstinence from food). He claimed that he would not eat until the British government changed terms for the untouchables. He noticed that such demonstrations from a single person made many others stop and change. Because of Gandhi's acts, India has since put in place a policy to provide jobs and education to the untouchables in the country.
In 1923, Gandhi retired from politics. Shortly after, Britain declared that India would partner will England in The Great War without consulting Indian leaders. This deliberate action convinced Gandhi that India still needed his help. India decided they would not side with England in the war because it would only put more strain on the people in the country. Government jobs were soon reserved only for British officers only, proving that the British were only doing things to benefit themselves.
Outraged Indian officials organized a campaign called "Quit India" in 1942, hoping for independence sooner than the end of World War ll. Many Indian representatives resigned from their positions in office, throwing the British into a panic. Gandhi and his followers efforts eventually helped force Britain to give up their colony. In August of 1947, India gained independence.
Long Term Influences
Civil rights activist, Martin Luther King Jr. used many of Gandhi's ideas during his fight for rights for African-Americans in the 1960's. Nelson Mandela also took from Gandhi, and lead Africa's most peaceful revolution and became the countries first black president. Gandhi's work changed his country of India and bettered the people living there. After his death, he continued to influence people all over the world to follow in his footsteps.