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Foundations of Salvation Religions
Transcript of Foundations of Salvation Religions
What is the difference between THEORY and PRACTICE when thinking about the history of women in classical civilizations?
A) Theory says women are always subordinated and in practice this is true
B) Theory says women held power and in practice this is true
C) Theory says women were subordinated and in practice they sometimes were
D) Theory says men were subordinated and in practice they sometimes were
What are some of the characteristics of a salvation religion?
A) Local worship based on clan or tribe
B) Identity by religious faith applies to anyone who converts
C) Religious identity only for priests and officials
"For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus."
Book of Genesis (Old Testament):
-Chapter One written 650 B.C.E.
-Chapter Two written 850 B.C.E.
-written 100-500 years after the Buddha's death (in 483 B.C.E.)
-written over several hundred years, starting 600 B.C.E.
-written 45-140 C.E. (Jesus died 30-36 C.E.)
Foundations: Tribal Religions
"“[the Buddha said] suppose there are immeasurable hundreds, thousands, ten thousands, millions of living beings who are undergoing various trials and suffering. If they hear of this Bodhisattva Perceiver of the Word’s Sounds and single-mindedly call his name, then at once he will perceive the sound of their voices and they will all gain deliverance from their trials.” (The Lotus Sutra)
Kings Saul (1082-1007 BCE, David (1040-970 BCE), Solomon (970-931 BCE)
Vedic Hinduism (Vedas):
1. Material world illusive.
2. Accept one's fate.
Religious Texts as Historical Sources
A) They discuss the ideals of a society, but not necessarily what happened in practice.
B) They reflect only what those in power believed, and don’t tell us much about the religious beliefs of the wider populace.
C) They’re often contradictory, and so we can’t trust what they say.
Why might using religious texts as historical sources be problematic?
Adam and Eve: Old Testament
Lucus Cranach, "Adam and Eve" (1526)
Ch 1, "Genesis" (650 BCE)
Ch 2, "Genesis" (850 BCE)