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Learning About The Tiny Civilization

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Alex Osborne

on 18 December 2014

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Transcript of Learning About The Tiny Civilization

Learning About The Tiny Civilization
The Civilization Of Cells.
Kingdoms
The kingdoms of the Cell Civilization are the, Animal, Plant, Fungi, Protists, Archaea, and Bacteria.
Viruses
They are not alive but are living. To be alive you have to be made up of cells, a virus is not. All of it's genetic material is in a protein shell, it does not grow, and it can only reproduce by infecting other cells. They also don't take in any energy.
Bacteriophage
Bacteriophage has a 5 step process to infect bacteria, and it is the best studied virus,
Here is a fun Video!
Protists
Protists are the misfits or rejects of the kingdoms, they do not fit into any other kingdom. Here are a few, seaweed, algae, and protozoa. Most are single celled but some are multi celled.

Eukaryote
Some kingdoms in the Eukaryote section are the Animal, Plant, Fungi, and Protists. They all contain nuclei.

Prokaryote
Prokaryotes are single celled organisms that don't have a nucleus, membrane, or other important organelles. Some of the kingdoms that are Prokaryote are Archaea and Bacteria.
Bacteria
Bacteria is the simplest form of life on earth. Without bacteria there would not be anything around. There are some bad bacteria though, parasites they attach to and harm a host
Archaea
Share complexity of plant and animal cells, they are named for where they live. Methanogens live in swamps, marshes, and mud. Thermophiles live in extreme heat or cold. And Halophiles live in really salty areas, some die if it is not salty enough.
Animale
Animal cells are the 2nd most complex cell. They are in the shape of a blob and do not contain a cell wall or chloroplast.
Plante
Plant cells are the most complex cell. They are in the shape of a cube. They do contain a cell wall and chloroplasts, that is what makes the cell green.
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