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Copy of The Calgary Family Assessment Model

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Shirelyn Smith

on 27 August 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The Calgary Family Assessment Model

The Calgary Family Assessment Model
The CFAM is an integrated, multidimensional framework based on the systems, cybernetics, communication and change theoretical foundations and influenced by postmodernism and biology of cognition
CFAM has been recognized as one of four leading family assessment models in the world
What is the Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM)?
Families who would benefit from the CFAM ...
Families who ...
Are experiencing emotional, physical or spiritual suffering or disruption caused by a family crisis or a deveopmental milestone
Have a child who is about to be admitted to the hospital or an adolescent who may identify as having difficulties
Define a problem as a family issue
Are experiencing issues that are serious enough to jeopardize family relationships
Structural
Internal
External
Context
Developmental
Structural assessment tools include the genogram and ecomap. The genogram is a diagram of the family constellation and it is particularly helpful in outlining a family's internal and external structures.
An example of a sample genogram ...
Conclusions ...
The CFAM consists of 3 major categories; each category contains several subcategories.
It is up to the nurse to identify the revelvant and appropriate
categories to explore in assessment.
Conclusions
It is easiest to view the CFAM as a "map of the family".
The model serves as a framework that can be drawn on as both the nurse and family explore issues.
A thorough family assessment allows the nurse and family to determine which areas within the family are dysfunctional and whether or not intervention is needed.
Conclusions
The CFAM is essentially a "map of the family"
The model is a framework that can be drawn on as the nurse and family explore issues
This model provides both the nurse and family members with "observer perspectives"
Use of the CFAM to provide a thorough family assessment allows the nurse and family to determine whether or not intervention is needed
The Calgary family assessment model
The Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM) is an integrated, multidimensional framework based on the systems, cybernetics, communication and change theoretical foundations and influenced by postmodernism and biology of cognition.
The CFAM is one of the four leading family assessment models in the world.
Family assessment is essential in providing adequate family care and support. In order to help families adjust to illnesses nurses need to understand ...
the family unit
what the illness means to the family members
what the illness means to family functioning
how the family is affected by the illness
the support which the family requires
A world renowned family assessment model is ....
The CFAM focuses on 3 major categories of family life which are further divded into subcategories. It is up to the nurse to determine hich categories are relevant and require exploration.
The 3 major dimensions include the structural, developmental and functional dimensions. These dimensions are further subdivided as follows ...
What sort of families
would benefit from
the cfam?

Families who would benefit most include those who ...
Are experiencing emotional, physical or spiritual suffering or disruption caused by family crisis or a developmental milestone
Define a problem as a family issue
Have a child or adolescent whom they identify as having difficulties
Are experiencing issues serious enough to jeopardize family relationships
Have a family member or child who is admitted to the hospital for treatment
Structural
Internal
External
Context
Ethnicity
Race
Social Class
Religion / Spirituality
Environment
Extended Family
Larger Systems

Family Composition
Gender
Sexual Orientation
Rank Order
Subsystems
Boundaries

Structural assessment tools are particularly helpful in understanding a family's structure and it's contact with outside individuals and organizations.
Structural Assessment Tools
The genogram and ecomap are examles of assessment tools which can be used to reframe behaviours, reltionshps and connectections within femilies, as well as detoxify and normalize families' perceptions of themselves.
The genogram is a map of the family constellation ...
The ecomap is a diagram of the family's contact with others outside the immediate family ...
Developmental
Stages
Tasks
Attachments
Functional
Instrumental
Expressive
Activities of daily living
Emotional communication
Verbal communicatin
Nonverbal communication
Circular communication
Problem solving
Roles\Influence and power
Beliefs
Alliances and coalitions

References
Wright, L. & Leahey, M. (2005). Nurses and families: A
guide to family assessment and intervention.
Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Co.
Potter, P. A. & Perry, A. G. (2009). Canadian
Fundamentals of Nursing (4th ed.). Toronto, CA:
Elsevier Canada.
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