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Compare and Contras: American and French Revolution

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Coriona Matthews

on 11 March 2013

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Transcript of Compare and Contras: American and French Revolution

Though these two revolutions took place almost at the same time and the citizens were both fighting to be free of a malevolent monarchy, the revolutions have many important differences that can see throughout the war’s history. But with every difference, there are also similarities and between these two wars there are plenty of them. Here are a few examples: EVENTS 1:: Compare and Contrast
•In the American Revolution, the colonists were rebelling against their ruler. The colonist who rebel did not kill the English ruler of the time, King George III. While in French Revolution, they were also rebelling against their ruler but unlike the American colonist, the citizens in France beheaded their king, Louis XVI, publicly so all the citizens could watch. In the end no matter if either countries ruler was killed or left alive, it all comes down to the citizens rebelling so that they can gain freedom and equality. EVENTS 2: PEOPLE 2: •John Locke was one of the many philosophers that were involved in revolution of the time. He played a major role in the American Revolution. Locke unlike his counterpart, Rousseau, pushed for man to have the basic right of property, liberty, and in the end, his beliefs pushed for a constitutional government with limited power and the citizens having the power. While in the French revolution, one of their lead philosophers was Rousseau. Rousseau had many ideas and beliefs that became extremely influential at the time to that of the rebels. Rousseau ideas lead to some of the fundamental ideas about absolute power. He also has been influencing the world since then, since it can be said that almost all totalitarians had some form of influence or guidance provide Rousseau. In the end, he wants the government to have complete control over the society and the people. Though these two had totally different believes, they were still similar. They were similar because they both help establish philosophies but more importantly expired people of their time and of our time. PEOPLE 1: •In colonies during the American Revolution, the people did not have real social classes that affected the war. Instead they were separated by those who felt loyal to the king and those who wanted change. Though a lot of the loyalists were in fact riches, this was due to the fact that the king gave them money which in turn they became loyal to him. While the French Revolution it was different; there were three estates, or classes. These three estates were the church, the nobles, and the third estate. The third estate consisted of the bourgeoisie, urban workers, and then the peasants. The peasants made up 80% of the population. They were also the leaders of the rebellion in France. These countries’ people were very similar cause they were all separated in social classes and they also each had a group of citizen, usually higher class, that was still loyal to the king while you would have the citizen who were poor were the ones who wish to rebel against the king.
PLACES 2: •At the time of the American Revolution, America was not actually a country. Instead it was colonies of England that was fighting for its freedom to become a country. While at the time of the French Revolution, France was an actually country in which its citizens were fighting for their equality. Both involved major countries in the revolution even if it was not one, such as in the American Revolution the French help America. These two revolutions always focused on the citizen but at times also involved other countries. by Shelby Linnemann and Coriona Matthews • A huge difference between the two revolutions was their outcomes. In the American Revolution, the outcome was that America was able to gain their independence, but mainly that they became free from their own ruler and was able to make their own choices. While in the French Revolution, even though they destroy the king they once had, over time a leader took controlled and ruled them, though they did have more rights after the war than that of their original constitution. Though with the outcomes of the two wars there was mostly differences, there were a few similarities such as they both accomplished what their goal was and for a while were able to lead the life they had fought so hard for. •Beside the endings of the revolution, another big change was the beginning. Each began very differentially yet similar. In the French revolution though there were several events that add together to began the war, the first real strike was the storming of the Bastille. In return comparably, this attack was plan and was prepare for many days before taking place. It was completely thought out and was lead by some of the strongest of the rebels. This was one if not most important turning points in the French Revolution; because it gave the citizen hopes that they could be equal as well. In the American Revolution, there were also several things that lead to the beginning of the revolution, but one stuck out that show the actually physical beginning of the war between America and England. This physical beginning was the battles of Lexington and Concord, where the “shot heard around the world” was a beacon for all other rebels, that the war has began and that is was time to fight for their freedom. This beginning was less plan, and more situational. But in the end, both wars first real action had the ending result of fighting. They both involved the underdog finally rising against the elite to make a change that they felt was needed. •George Washington was also a leader. He was a leader of the American Revolution, but unlike Napoleon who could be consider he counterpart, Washington fought for the freedom of his people. He helped create a democracy and then was elected to be the leader of his country. While Napoleon was one of the leaders for the French Revolutions. But unlike his close counterpart, Washington, Napoleon did not want the people to rule themselves. So once the revolution was over instead of creating a democracy and electing a president; Napoleon established himself as an emperor and ruled France. But even though in the end they decide to choose different paths, they both were still consider to be great leaders who helped their wars a lot and that is why they were both able to get such a leadership position without much effort. They both were also extremely respected by their people during the revolutions. PLACE 1: •The American Revolution took place in the original thirteen colonies in North America; these colonies were once a part of the country England and were ruled by King George III. This revolution did not take place in the country that ruled it. While the French Revolution took place in the country that ruled it. But both revolutions still took place in the area that wanted to fight for what they believed in, even if that wasn’t always in the ruling country. •At the time in America Revolution, America was having fewer problems with their economy even though it was still pretty bad. This was because at times they were being taxed by England, also thanks to the 7 year war. While at the time the France was having issues with their economy, during the French Revolution because of the 7 year war that had just ended. This was the main cause for several of the problems in France, such as starvation, and being generally poor. In comparison both countries had extremely poor civilians, and they also were being heavily taxed for a pass war. Refrences: http://www.writework.com/essay/compare-and-contrast-american-and-french-revolutions
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