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Strategies for Students with Learning Disabilities

Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities
by

stephanie thomas

on 1 October 2012

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Transcript of Strategies for Students with Learning Disabilities

Computational
skills : two basic areas
memorizing basic facts and solving algorithms or
problems.
Basic Facts: Two methods
a. using games for contin-
ued practice
b. sequencing basic facts
memorization to make it easier.
Solving Algorithms: is a step-by-step procedure used in computation. Tips for
Modifying Math-
ematics computational assignments Reduce the number of problem on worksheet.Increase the amount of time.Provide adeqate space for.Follow a standard format.Cut the worksheet in halves or fourths.Assign only odd or even problems.Highlight the operation.Move gradually to increasing the number of problems decreasing the amount of time to complete the assignment. Strategies for Students with Learning Disabilities in The 1997 Amendment
to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act raised the bar for what disabilities student were expected to learn. Mathematical Disabilities: What we know and don't know
Arithmetic: Children must understand numbers, and the quality that each number represents counting. Children must understand the basic principles, such as the number system and borrowing from one column to make to another.

How Common are Math Disabilities?
Between 6% and 7% of school age children show persistent grade to grade problems in learning some aspect of arithmetic or related fields.

What are some common features of MD?
Number, Arithmetic, Counting, and Abstracting How to recognize a student with dyscalculia: Shows difficulty understan-ding ideas of place value, quality, number lines, posi-tive and negative value,
borrowing, and understanding
word problems. Problems with sequences, steps in math
operation, fractions, making change and
handling money, recognizing patterns or when adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing, putting language to math process, understanding the concepts related to time-days, weeks,months, seasons, difficulty organizing problems on the page, keeping numbers lined up, and following through on long division problems. Do you a student who has dyscalculia? Are RD and MD Related???
Yes, because more than half of the children have difficulties with reading and math. Where do we go from here?
There is much that needs to be done in
area: basic research, assessment
and diagnosis, and of course
remediation. Classroom for students with MD
these students receive most of
their general education in the
classroom. This allows them
to meet the needs of
learning-adaptations
and
modifications. r7ue6 Subtraction for students with MD low-stress subtra-ction method where all renaming is done. Rewrite the tens and ones place, determine if renaming is
necessary, rewrite the hundred,
tens, and ones, and complete
subtraction with renaming already accomplished. l,km problem
solving Modified for students with mathematics disabilities in several different ways.(a)having students read or listen to the problem carefully.(b)engaging students in focusing on relevant information.(c)involving students in verbalizing a solution for the problem using a diagram or sketch when appropriate.(d)story problem by writing an appropriate mathematics sentence.(e)performing the necessary calculations, evaluating the answer for reasonableness Read and understand the problem.
Look for the key questions and recognize important words.
Select the appropriate operation.
Write the number sentence(equation)and solve it.
Check your answer.
Correct your errors. Recognize the problem.
Plan a procedural strategie(i.e., identify the specific steps to follow).
Examine the math knowledge needed to solve the problems.
Determine the math knowledge needed to solve the problems.
Represent the problem graphically.
Generate the question.
Self-monitor the entire process.
Explore alternative ways to solve the problem. 10 Tips for selection for Math Instruction

Tip1: The Less Clutter on the Screen, the Better.
Tip2: Procedures Match Those being taught in School.
Tip3: Choose Modifiable Software..
Tip4: Choose Software with small Increments between Levels.
Tip5: Choose Software with Helpful Feedback.
Tip6: Choose Software that Limits the Number of Wrong Answers for a Single Problem.
Tip7: Choose Software with Good Record keeping Capabilities
Tip8: Choose Software with Built-In Instructional Aids.
Tip9: Select Software That Simulates real-Life Solution.
Tip10: Remember Software is a Learning Tool- not The Total Solution. Homework Strategies for Students with Mathematics Difficulties.
Student with learning disabilities may need instruction accommoda-tion in the classroom, in the classroom, they also need homework accommodation.
Give clear And Appropriate assignments. Make sure students and parents have information regarding the policy on missed ans late assignments.
Assign work that the students can do.
Explain the assignments clearly.
write the assignments on the chalkboard and leave it there until the assignment is due.
Remind students of due dates periodically.
Coordinate with other teachers to prevent homework overload. Thank you for your time and patience and we hope you enjoy our presentation
strategies for students with learning disabilities in Math. Parent involvement in a child's education is strongly related to the degree of success in school.
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