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Women in Workforce

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Tessa Malungu

on 8 May 2013

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Transcript of Women in Workforce

By: Gabriella Navaro, Vanessa Alcaraz, Tessa Malungu, Karina Gutierrez, Paola Plascencia. Women In The Workforce History of Women in the Workforce Benefits of Women in
Workforce International Women in
Workforce Good for business performance
Business attracts and retain the best personnel
Greater diversity can improve creativity, problem solving and flexibility to react to environmental changes However...
Saudi Arabia women make up 15% of the workforce (Guardian, 2012)
Future GovernmentPlans
A women-only industrial city dedicated to female constructed
5000 jobs scheme designed to provide women with independence while maintaining segregation In 1850s about half of UK working women were domestic servants. NOW, there are more female lawyers, doctors, architects than men in those careers. Possible Ways to Diminish
the Workforce Gender Gap *Victorianism

*Pure Vessels

*Fashion *Late 19th Century 1920's *Flappers
*Symbol of Liberation
* Fashion Sense Women During WW1 *WWI served as new
careers for women
Women inspecting automatic pistol parts at a plant
Women making machine guns 1849 Elizabeth Blackwell

1934-Lettie Pate Whitehead

1972- Shirley Chisolm

1980- Sheery Lansing

1997-Madeline Albright

1998-Meg Whitman

1999- Tina Fey Sandberg, Sheryl. “A Cosmo History of Women Leaning In.” Cosmo Careers Apr 2013: 6-12. Print. Women during WWII *Gender Roles Changed Women in the Workforce History
bibs- Davidson, James West. U.S a Narrative History. Vol 2. New York; McGraw-Hill, 2009. 412-14, 451-53. Print. Women in the Workforce History
bibs- Davidson, James West. U.S a Narrative History. Vol 2. New York; McGraw-Hill, 2009. 412-14, 451-53. Print. Women in the Workforce History
bibs- Davidson, James West. U.S a Narrative History. Vol 2. New York; McGraw-Hill, 2009. 412-14, 451-53. Print. *How many served in the work force? *Propaganda Status of Women in the Workforce Now
(Contemporary Issues) 1. Maternity Leave
2. Leadership Roles
3. Sexual Harrassment
4. The Glass Ceiling Obstacles women still face in the workplace (More Contemporary Issues) Fun Facts Gender wage gap Maternity Leave the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) Sexual Harrassment Leadership Roles The Glass Ceiling Breaking free of stereotypes lack role models for leadership in corporate culture forbidden under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
only about 5% to 15% of women report their harassment problems Women who work full time year round continue to earn only about 77 percent of what men earn.

The gender wage gap widens with age and accumulates over time.

The gender wage gap exists for all women, regardless of race or ethnicity

In spite of the fact that women are now earning the majority of college degrees, the wage gap persists

Part of the reason women earn less than men is related to the fact that they are more likely to work in so-called pink-collar jobs, which offer low wages. an invisible barrier that determines the level to which a woman or other member of a demographic minority can rise in an organization In Latin America and Caribbean 32% of women were active in the workforce 20 years ago.
NOW, 53% of women are part of workforce The worse countries to work in as women according to the 'Economist' are South-Korea and Japan where women hold few senior level jobs. Mothers in Workforce Women with children are entering workforce
In Sweden Women are encouraged to go back to work through paid parental leave
New Zealand 50% of women are working moms with children under the age of six
Whereas in Sweden 75% are working moms Power Women Virginia M. (Ginni) Rometty
#15
Began her career with IBM in 1981
Chairman, President and Chief Executive officer of IBM Corporation
Appointed President and CEO in January 1, 2012.
Became Chairman of the board of Directors in October, 2012.
She holds a Bachelor of Science degree with high honors in Computer Science and Electrical engineering from Northwestern University. Dilma Vana Rousseff
#3 Powerful women (Forbes, 2013)
Politician
Arrested in 1970
Endured 22 days of torture
Sentence was shortened from 6 years to 3 (Released in 1973)
First female Brazilian President since 1 January 2011
Joined the Minister of Energy in 2002 Women in Sweden 75% of women in Sweden are in workforce
Parents are entitled to 480 of parental leave
Men and Women are treated equally in the workplace
Swedish Law prohibits gender discrimination in workplace
Women in top posts increasing http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/womens_work_01.shtml#two Working women changing traditional roles in Latin America and Caribbean: UN report The glass-ceiling index
http://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2013/03/daily-chart-3 The National Association of Child Care Resource & Referral Agencies 2012 Saudi Arabia plans new city for women workers only, The Gurdian (2012) “We belief that when women and men share power and influence equally it leads to a more just and democratic society. A well-developed welfare system makes it easier for both sexes to balance their work and family life”. (Swedish Institute 2011) *"Double Shift"

* End of War -James E. Brown & Associates (Washington D.C law firm) http://lineschfirm.com/wp/eeoc-fights-against-discrimination-against-women-in-the-workplace/ http://www.stfrancis.edu/content/ba/ghkickul/stuwebs/btopics/works/glass.htm http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/labor/news/2012/08/16/12029/fact-sheet-the-wage-gap-for-women/ EqualWage Keller, Greg. "Gender Gap Decrease Would Boost Economies: OECD." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 17 Dec. 2012. Changing Gender Stereotypes "To Close the Gender Gap, What Needs to Change." Knowledge @ Wharton Leadership and Change Research Article. N.p. n.d. Web. 05 May 2013 Improving Gender Roles Patel, Jyoti. "A Fight for Gender Equity and Equality." Dawson College. 13 April 2000 Eliminating the Double Standard Patel, Jyoti. "A Fight for Gender Equity and Equality." Dawson College. 13 April 2000 Awareness!!!! Questions 1. Why did the government advertise "Rosie the Riveter"?
2.Has anyone ever felt like they have been denied a job opportunity because they are female?
3. Do you feel that your education is key to a successful job?
4. What is one way that we can eliminate the gender gap in the workforce?
5. What are your opinions about the impact of working mother's on society? Education & Women in the Workforce http://www.nber.org/digest/jan07/w12139.html In 2003, there were 1.35 females for every male who graduated from a four-year college and 1.3 females for every male undergraduate.
That contrasts with 1960, when there were 1.6 males for every female graduating from a four-year college and 1.55 males for every female undergraduate.
women earned 45.1 percent of bachelor's degrees in business in 1984-5 and 50 percent by 2001-2, up from only 9.1 percent in 1970-1.
Large increases in the female share of BAs also have occurred in the life sciences, physical sciences, and engineering since the early 1970s.
According to the Census figures released 4/26/2011, women have surpassed men in achieving advanced college degrees, in addition to attaining 57% of undergraduate degrees.
In the 25+ age bracket, 10.6 million U.S. women have a master’s degree or higher, compared to 10.5 million men. More Women Are Going To School Today What Kind Of Degrees Are They Getting Women hold 1.4 million more bachelor’s degrees than men.
Women are 60 percent more likely than men to earn a bachelor's degree by the time they are 23
Women now receive three Bachelor’s degrees for every two earned by men.
They are graduating in near equal numbers from law and medical schools, andreceived 44% of MBAs in 2007, according to the U.S. Department of Education. http://www.forbes.com/sites/jennagoudreau/2011/04/27/women-beat-men-in-advanced-degrees/
http://adage.com/article/adagestat/women-earning-college-graduate-degrees-men/148888/ Children? out of women age 40 to 44, 20 percent have never had a child (double the percentage of 30 years ago) this percentage rises to 27 percent more for those with graduate or professional degrees
According to the Associated Press, this may explain a steady change in parenting roles.
The number of stay-at-home dads increased to two million in the last year( one in 15 fathers) while the number of stay-at-home moms dropped for the fourth year in a row to five million. http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/12/01/educated-women-having-fewer-children/ What Jobs Are They Taking Women are getting into management and professional occupations that require more education and offer higher pay and status.
Women are now dominating some of the jobs that used to belong to men, according to the Department of Labor’s Women’s Bureau. From finance and business operations to medical management.
The Women’s Bureau cites accountants and auditors are 61.8% female, tax preparers 65.9% female, and tax examiners and collectors 73.8% female.
In these positions, women earned a median of about $900 per week in 2009, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), and workers can earn upwards of $50,000 per year.
54.7% of financial managers, 59.3% of budget analysts and 62.8% of insurance underwriters, the Women’s Bureau reports.
56.9% of medical scientists, 61.2% of veterinarians, 68.8% of psychologists and 69.5% of medical and health services managers are women. http://www.forbes.com/sites/jennagoudreau/2011/03/07/20-surprising-jobs-women-are-taking-over/ “Ideally every occupation would be 50/50,” says York, “with both genders bringing different perspectives to the table.”
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