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Psychology for Sports Performance

Assignment 1 Re-Cap (Personality & Motivation)

Dafydd James

on 22 November 2012

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Transcript of Psychology for Sports Performance

Personality & Motivation Scenario Popular individual who likes socialising off the field 1. Describe/Explain 3 Personality Theories 2. Comment on the player's personality tendencies Achievement Motivation Some people are driven to success and have no fear of failure, while others are driven to success because they have a deep-rooted fear of failure Psychology for Sports Performance "I can accept failure, everyone fails at something. But I can't accept not trying again" Michael Jordan Behaviour changes off the field Highly talented player focused solely on winning trophies Gets annoyed/frustrated when team doesn't win Blames losing on other players and bad luck When they win he/she boasts about their performance Wants to play against teams that he/she knows they will beat, or lose heavily to Doesn't like playing against players that are better or as good as he/she is 3. Describe motivation, and what motivates the player in the situation and how it will affect performance 4. Achievement motivation 5. Attribution theory - success/failure. Is this common in sports performers? 6. Stretegies to improve performance NACH - NAF If NACH outweighs NAF = High in AM If NAF outweighs NACH = Low in AM A person with a high fear of failure (NAF) will choose opponents of much higher skill or much lower skill because these people are less threatening to them. They also tend to avoid situations involving personal challenges. If I have a high fear of failure why would I prefer to play against Daniel Carter? Attribution Theory "The reasons we give for an outcome" 1. Ability or Skill
2. Effort
3. Task Difficulty
4. Luck Categories can be classified as internal (inside and individual), external (outside and individual), stable (not subject to change), or unstable (continually changing) Losers tend to give external attributions and distance themselves from their failures "The team we played against were too good", "The referee was against us". The attributions can be used to protect someone's 'ego'. Winners give internal attributions to make themselves feel even better, "I gave it everything today, and deserved to get the result" Strategies to improve performance 'Creating the right motivational climate' 1. Behaviour of the leader (coach) 2. The environment 3. The influence of other people in the environment Personality Tendencies Aggressive Selfish Unstable Arrogant Insecure Selfish Motivation 'Motive - a desire to fulfil a need' Cox, 2007 Intrinsic = pleasure & satisfaction Extrinsic = valued outcome (money, trophies etc.)
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