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Transcript of EAST ANGLIA
home of the agricultural revolution
not affected by the industrial revolution
rich because of the wool trade in Medieval times
flat & marshy land in the north
more than a half surrounded by sea
the Fen Country/ the Fens:
covers part of three different counties:
Lincolnshire, Cambridgeshire and Norfolk
miles of flat land with almost no trees or hedges
divided by high banks that contain the rivers and drains, which help to control the level of water in the fields
DRAIN: to make the water flow away=dry
What's a fen?
A fen is a land which is low-lying (flat) and wet, often partly covered with water
sugar-beet, potatoes, celery & cereals
a lot of fruit is grown in this area
the Ouse Wash area
provides a perfect area for thousands of ducks, geese (ganso) & swans (cisne) which spend the winter
The swans are of two types: Bewick and Whooper and they fly from eastern Russia each year.
2,000 swans which arrive in family parties, having survived the dangerous journey.
warm summers and very cold winters
the area lies on the sunniest & driest area of Britain
1- cereal farming
2- fruit growing - NORFOLK
4- weaving industry
6-farming machinery industry
during the 13th C
There are more than 20 colleges.
Most of them allow visitors to enter the grounds and courtyards.(an open space surrounded by buildings)
The university was exclusively for men until 1871 when the first women's college was opened
the oldest college
King's College-the most famous - for its chapel
King's College- choir
Cambridge Science Park
The Wren library at Nevile's Court
The Wren library interior
river Cam-Trinity bridge-punt house-punts
The High Table
The Romans invaded Britain in AD 43, and Colchester became a town for retired Roman soldiers.
remains of the Roman theatre
The Siege House
Bridge of Sighs
Department of Physics
-great contributions to science
University of East Anglia
Norman castle -11th C
In Britain they decided to do the same in
The land was redrained/recovered = They made it useful again
The land was below the water level
Then after recovering it again, they started using it again
The drainage of the Fens started in
, but they were not completely drained until the late
Now the drainage of the Fens is complete
the richest & most expensive farmland in the country
Manufacturing of clothing= Holland =fine clothing = linen (lino)
The Ducth were very good weavers
Flemish people came from Flanders in Belgium in the past and settled in the Fenlands in East Anglia
rye /rai/ centeno
Punting(n): It’s a free time activity carried out by Cambridge students
rowing a long boat with a flat bottom
People go punting for pleasure rather than sport
popular in Oxford & Cambridge
It's totally different from the rest of the country
It's the flattest land
It suffers the influence of the continent as regards climate- very cold winters and hot summers
the most important COUNTIES
the name of the city derives from CAM (the river)
Cambridge university - 1300/1400
club of drama
high technology industry
long scientific tradition going back to Sir ISAAC NEWTON
large shopping centre
it's dominated by agriculture
a river or canal that boats travel on
canal: a navigable river
an area that is not near the coast
marshy land: an area of low , flat ground that is always wet & soft
hedge: a row of bushes with trees growing together dividing one field from another
river bank: land along the side of a river - ribera
In Holland the land is lower than the sea & it's always flooded
The Dutch drained the land
They had a very good system for draining the water
the growing of cereal crops (granos)
East Anglia is the most cultivated area in the British Isles
Britain's second oldest university in the city of Cambridge
high reputation for academic achievement
it consists of a number of independent colleges
since 19C it has been a major centre for scientific research
(man's made channels of waters for boats to travel along) were built in the 19th C., at the start of
the Industrial Revolution.
They provided a cheap & convenient means of transport for heavy goods, especially between the mining & industrial centres of the Midlands & north-west England.
wool:soft thick hair that sheep & goats have on their body- material made from wool
Ouse - Wash
Flanders - Belgium
a very famous English architect
designed the present ST PAUL'S CATHEDRAL (where he's buried)
& other churches destroyed by the Great Fire of London
Hampton Court - Chelsea Hospital- Royal Navy College - baroque with classical style
scientist & astronomer
He was made a KNIGHT in 1673
the most important city of Eastanglia
town & gown: (Oxford - Cambridge)
a phrase used to describe
the contrast between the two kinds of people who live there.
"Town" refers to the people who live & work there permanently & who are not "gown", i.e students or members of the academic staff of the university.
The phrase is used to indicate that there's tension between the two groups because of their different backgrounds & interests.
Dead Poets Society
Balkerne Gate: - used to be West Gate of the town in Roman times, and is one of the best-preserved Roman gateways in Britain.
shire /ʃaɪə/: old use for county