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Sumerian Art

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Grace Oui

on 1 April 2015

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Transcript of Sumerian Art

Sumerian Art Architecture
Where & When
Where:
Modern day Iraq
When:
5500 and 4000 BCE - 1750 BCE
Influences
- people revered their gods so they would praise and worship them
-They brought the gods food and jewelry to their temples
-Many of their sculptures were used as adornment or ritual equipment for the temples
Visual characteristics, techniques, and media
-Sumerian did not use stone often (when they did, they had statutes that seemingly had no shape)
-They used mud brick for their buildings as they lack trees and minerals
-Made their temples higher up so it's easier to communicate with their God(s)
-Ziggurats; common form of temple
-Started bronze age
-Sculptures made with Gypsum
Key artworks and architectures of this period
Ziggurat of Uruk and Ur
Connections: Then and Now
-Geometric statues pleasing to modern tastes
-Geometric shapes are used in modern times as oversimplification of other art styles
-Developed the arch to allow stronger buildings
-Arches are still used today, for example they are used in bridges and other sculptures.
Questions
1. How much do you think they affected your lives
Tell Asmar Hoard
Citation
Standard of Ur
Picture Citations
2. What do you think would be another suitable name for the Sumerians?
3. Why did they make their statues with big eyes?
Alizade, Ali. "Middle Eastern Art." Chap. Javaneh, 16 May 2000. Web. 16 Sept. 2001. <http://www.chap.sch.ir/sites/default/files/books/93-94/102/016-032-C358-40&C470-7.pdf>.

"Sumerian Art & Architecture - Crystalinks." Sumerian Art & Architecture - Crystalinks. Books. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.crystalinks.com/sumerart.html>.

"Khan Academy." Khan Academy. Books. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/ancient-art-civilizations/ancient-near-east1/sumerian/a/the-sumerians-and-mesopotamia>.

"Sumer." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumer>.

"Sumer." Ancient History Encyclopedia. 15 Feb. 2005. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.ancient.eu/sumer/>.

"Mesopotamian Art and Architecture." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 18 Mar. 2003. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/376897/Mesopotamian-art-and-architecture#toc37857>.

"THE SUDDEN CIVILIZATION." The 12th Planet - 02. 17 June 2007. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sitchin/planeta12/12planeteng_02.htm>.

"Sumerian Mythology." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 7 Apr. 2010. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Me_(mythology)>.


"Tell Asmar Hoard." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 May 2012. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tell_Asmar_Hoard>.

"Sumerian Temple Figures." Art History Title. 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 1 Jan. 2015. <http://arthistoryworlds.org/sculpture-from-sumer/>.

"Ziggurat of Ur." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 1 Apr. 2015. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ziggurat_of_Ur>.

"The White Temple and Ziggurat, Uruk." The White Temple and Ziggurat, Uruk. 1 Jan. 2013. Web. 1 Apr. 2015. <http://www.mhhe.com/socscience/art/timelines/ancient_near_east/html/ziggurat.html>.

"Standard of Ur." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 1 Apr. 2015. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_of_Ur>.

Sumerian Art.wmich
http://www.wmich.edu/art/arthistory/protected/gallery2200/standard_ur_chariot.htm

The earliest civilizations.hyper history
http://www.hyperhistory.com/online_n2/maptext_n2/sumer.html

Ziggurats.Crystalinks
http://www.crystalinks.com/ziggurat.html



Sumerian Gods Anunnaki.ufo-contact
http://www.ufo-contact.com/ancient-sumerian-annunaki-gods-from-the-sky/sumerian-gods-annunaki-awakened-lightbody-merkabah-ufo

BETH.Sumerian Slavery.2013.Ancient Origins
http://www.ancient-origins.net/human-origins/sumerian-gods-modern-day-history-slavery-00442

Inanna-the goddess of love.Alexander Backman
http://alexanderbackman.com/usmil_px_bug_out_p2_sumerian_gods.htm

hittite bronze dagger.Pix for me
http://pixgood.com/sumerian-bronze-weapons.html


First arch.amobilizedyear
http://amobilizedyear.blogspot.ca/2006/02/ur.html

Tell Asmar Hoard.Wikipedia.2014
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tell_Asmar_Hoard

TK Avery.Sumerian Home.Pinterest.2014
https://www.pinterest.com/pin/500603314802598626/

Gypsum.Geology.2005
http://geology.com/minerals/gypsum.shtml

Gerry.The Standard of Ur.gerryco.2010
https://gerryco23.wordpress.com/2010/02/02/the-standard-of-ur/

Ur Zigguret.Epistematica.2012

http://www.epistematica.com/2012/05/dhi-qar-university-and-heritage-project/ur-ziggurat/

The Sumerians contributed a lot of things besides art and architecture to modern society. In fact, they were the first civilization known. They invented writing, the wheel, created a functioning society, and founded our base 60 system for time.
We're not entirely sure however, it might just be aesthetically pleasing to them, just like how many photos are edited to make them more pleasing to our eyes.
Sumerians/Mesopotamians actually do have another name. They are known as one of the "Cradles of Civilization". This is because Sumeria is where civilization was "nurtured" to grow into what is has now. As Sumerians invented writing, they are considered one of the "Cradles of Civilization"
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