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The Olympic ideal and modern sport

Pre-industrialisation and Popular recreation
by

Kate Bancroft

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of The Olympic ideal and modern sport

The Olympic Ideal and Modern Sport

The terms rational recreation, industrialisation and popular recreation.

The factors that influence sports development from pre-industrial times to the current day

How rational recreation has developed as a result of changing social-cultural factors

How rational recreation has spread within society and globally

The changes in view of amateurs and professionals

The contract to compete and its relevance to modern day elite sport

The concepts of gamesmanship and sportsmanship and the Olympic ideals
By the end of this module you will know:
Pre-industrialisation
England was a predominantly rural country.
London was the only major city.
There was a very clear distinction between the gentry (who had most of the money) and the peasantry (who did most of the work).
Most normal people’s lives revolved around their village and the church.
In this context, sport was something that was done as a traditional contest between two villages, or something done on a day of celebration, involving the church.
Recreation and leisure activities changed
Popular Recreation
Body
Few, Simple rules
Cruel
and Violent
Occasional
Natural and Simple
Local
Rural
Unstructured
Blood Sports
Occupational
Learning Objective
To introduce the term ‘popular recreation’ and the factors that influenced sports during pre-industrial Britain



What I'm looking for:
To know the characteristics of Popular Recreation
To know the cultural and social influences on Popular Recreation
To know examples of sports played in pre-industrial Britain
Wagering
Examples of popular recreation: Ashbourne Shrovetide Football
Periodic – Happens once a year on Shrove Tuesday (a traditional religious festival).
Unorganised – Famously only one rule, that the winning team has to bang the ball against the plinth.
Localised – This is a very specific version of ‘Mob Football’ which is only played in Ashbourne, the traditions associated with it are only relevant here, such as ‘Up’ards’ and ‘Downards’.
Varied – Obviously in many ways. For example, in this version, the ball is larger than a normal football, made of tough leather, and filled with cork.
Limited equipment and facilities needed-this is played in the streets and field of Ashbourne

Lack of technology, purpose build facilities and equipment
Limited transport and communications
Widespread illiteracy
A harsh society
Feast days and holy days
Two-class society
Agricultural and rural
Work became the basis for sport
A chance to go from rags to riches
The social factors
Role of the Church
Church played a major role in everybody’s lives pre 1800, but particularly the lives of the normal person.
There were at least 160 Saint’s Days, festivals or church occasions.
Many of them featured some local form of football.
Church land was often the best choice for recreation because they had the most land, it was usually flat and everyone could congregate there.
Aston Villa - Church team
Manchester United - Railway workers
Arsenal - Gun makers
Crewe - Railway workers
Everton - Church team
Coventry - Bicycle manufacturers

Explain how socio-cultural factors influenced the characteristics of mob-football in pre-industrial Britain (6 marks)
Cock fighting
Bare-knuckle boxing
Bear baiting
Britain was the world's leading industrial power and was the most highly specialised country in manufacturing
Over less than 10% of its labour workforce worked in agriculture
Using your home learning & the video discuss with your partner how the industrial revolution impacted recreation
The upsurge in the population was a visible sign of ECONOMIC GROWTH.
Improvements began to be made in 1832 - The Reform & Factory Act - The Ten Hours Act - The Factory Act
TASK
You are going to create a video of a chat show/interview.

The video needs to discuss the improvements that have happened and how these have impacted your sport & recreation.
LEGACY FOR SPORT & RECREATION
Use the pictures and key words to work out the information on my handout
Rational Recreation
Popular recreations found it hard to survive in the new civilised & moral environment.
The middle & upper classes required discipline & productive workers
It was deemed necessary to control leisure, as society was suffering political unrest in the form of a discontented workforce & the public's health
SOCIAL REFORM
High morals & proper conduct
Importance placed on social responsibility & civic conscience
Major developments in improving a lot of the poor - living & working conditions
Philanthropists emerged as influential voices
Leading to the banning of many Blood sports
1. Sports were rationalised in the 19th century English public schools.
What is meant by the term rational recreation?
(2 marks)


2. Why were the majority of sports rationalised in the 19th century? (4 marks)
Exam Questions on Rational Recreation
1.Sports were rationalised in the 19th century English public schools.
What is meant by the term rational recreation? (2 marks)

1. (Played) regularly/often;
2. (Rules) – written/complex/sophisticated;
3. (Behaviour) – etiquette/codes of behaviour/civilised/fair play/sportsmanship;
4. (Highly Structured) – set times/number of players/boundaries;
5. (Skill) – refined/complex/developed.

2.Why were the majority of sports rationalised in the 19th century? (4 marks)

1. Society becoming more civilised/manners/less violent;
2. Middle class were in control of society’s values/social control of working
classes;
3. Industrialisation – need for disciplined workforce;
4. Era of social reform/philanthropists;
5. Mass of population needed entertaining;
6. Lack of space meant no room for old popular recreations;
7. Administration needed as more clubs/national governing bodies.
Improve health
Discourage crime
Attract people away from alcohol
Further educate the working class
Influence of Industrial Patronage regarding leisure
Some individual projects would still be considered revolution even today
Pro-active in improving living standards and working conditions
Compulsory State Education from 1870
*In the need for an educated population
* No longer for just the upper classes in their public schools
Temperance Movement - The movement to encourage attendance in rational recreation and attract the WC away from the pubs
* Church was disapproving of traditional popular recreations as lacked moral learning
* As numbers of parishioners began to decline the church actively used rational sport to encourage attendance & instil moral codes of behavior
Legacy for Sport & Recreation
Use page 246 to write key points around my pictures about how those pictures impacted the legacy of sport & recreation
1. Create a morfo/helium voice about the changes in the social class

2.Create a comic life on the British Empire

3. Legacy for sport (page 249) Trigger Pictures/wordfoto.

You do not have long to record/write so you need to think about the main key points!
What is the difference between amateurism & professionalism?
Who were the professionals and who were the amateurs?
Twentieth-Century Britain & the Impact of World War I
POPCORN Reading.
After each paragraph 2 questions must be asked - the listener to the reader and vice versa
Create a table/mind maps to summarise the factors influencing the development of rational recreation
Home Learning
Create a leaflet of the history of football
You will tested on Task 16.04B at the start of next lesson too!
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