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Copy of Section 6: The Simple Past

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Orlando Oviedo

on 7 May 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Section 6: The Simple Past

For regular verbs:
Subject + (
Verb
+
-ed
) + complement
or
For irregular verbs:
Subject +(
Past form of the verb
)+complement
The Simple Past
Objectives
* 1 The Simple Past: regular verbs
* 2 Past Time Expressions
* 3 Spelling of regular past verbs
* 4 Pronunciation of -ed
* 5 The Simple Past: irregular verbs
* 6 The Simple Past: negative
* 7 The Simple Past:yes/no questions
* 8 The Simple Past: Wh-questions

The Simple Past
Spelling & Pronunciation of regular past verb
The simple Tense
The Simple Past:
The Form
she

play
ed
tennis
yesterday
.
They

work
ed
hard.
I

visit
ed
my grandmother.
she

saw
her mother
they

went
to France
I

bought
a car
(see)
(go)
(buy)
Past time expression
Yesterday
,
last
, and
ago
tell us when an action happened in the past. We use these words in the following way:
Yesterday
Last
morning, afternoon, and evening
I
walked
to school
yesterday
morning.
general periods of time(night, month, week, year) days of the week( Monday, Tuesday, etc,), Seasons (summer, winter, spring, autumn)
I
visited
my grandmother
last
week.
specific length of time
I
bought
my car
two years ago
Exercise
waited
walked
opened
listened
talked
works
calls
received
listens
answers
asked
wasn't
last
ago
yesterday
ago
last
yesterday
yesterday
last
ago
ago
ago
last
last
ago
The Simple Past: Irregular Verbs
Present
Past
I
He
She
it
They
We
You
bought
a car
was
was
were
The past tense of verb to be
am
is
are
The Form
S
+ (
V-ed
) or
irregular
+
O

The Form:
Negative
Yes/No Questions
Wh-Questions
Affirmative
She

worked
hard last semester.
He

bought

a car
last month
S
+
did not
+
V

She

did not
work
hard last semester
He
didn't

buy
a car
Do Did
Present
Did
+
S
+
V
?
Did

he

buy
a car?
Did

she

visit
her friend yesterday?
Short answers:
Yes,
he

did

No,
she

didn't

Wh- word
did
subject
base verb
?
What

did

you

do
?
Where


did


you

stay
?
Wh- word

Past tense verb
?
Who

called
?
Ahmad saw Sara yesterday .
Who did Ahmad see yesterday ?
Sara called me yesterday?
Who called you ?
I had dinner with my parents.

I didn't read a newspaper.

I didn't go to the library yesterday.

I didn't play a sport yesterday.

I didn't cook a meal yesterday.

Many women didn't have jobs.

Many women stayed at home.

People didn't watch television.

People didn't eat fast food.

he wasn't happy to see her.

went

he didn't thank her for it.

gave

he didn't say anything about it.

wrote

he didn't call her back

called

he didn't answer her

asked

Didn’t water

yes, she did

take out

Did

got

did

Didn’t

eat

Did

didn't pay

did

g

i

b

d

e

Why was he tired?

How did he feel?

When did he come home?

Who had a bad day yesterday?

What did she read?

What did she find

How did she look?

Where did you see her?

When did you see her

I graduated from university.

I watched a film on TV.

I went to school
I called my friend
One hour ago, she phoned me.

Last year, she wrote a novel.

I visited my grandmother one week ago
Last night/Yesterday evening, I phoned you
I stayed in the office until 5.00 yesterday.
You weren't at home last night (or yesterday evening).
I called your mobile phone but there was no answer.
You were very busy last Tuesday.
mixed
smiled
kissed
picked
shopped
tipped
replied
opened
permitted
happened
preferred
rained
carried
entered
preferred
visited
were
climbed
walked
decided
watched
enjoyed
x
I preferred the small towns to Istanbul.
I admitted to a few people that Turkish was a difficult language
I answered a lot of questions about my country.
I stayed a couple of months in Paris.
I had a flat in the center of Paris.
invited
arrived
cooked
played
danced
started
called
waited
rained
wants
invited
is working
is looking
wants
sees
closed
carried

allowed
showed
counted
erased
fitted
married
died
failed
liked
called
Verb in past
Add -ed to form the past
Verb in present
Download here a list of irregular verbs
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/68288865/LIST%20OF%20VERBS.pdf
found
wasn't
was
ate
drank
took
heard
made
were
spoke
told
taught
saw
took
went
bought
sat
had
spent
thought
When


did


he

come
?
Who

directed
that movie ?
Who

wrote
Oliver Twist ?
That is all for today!!
Full transcript