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Transcript of Buddhism
Many Are There? Where Are They?
they are called buddhists
about 360 million
they're in India, Tibet, Burma, Thailand, China, Sri Lanka
How and When Buddhism began
began 7th century B.C
Buddha Shakyamuni began teaching the path to enlightment after himself enlightened under Bodhi tree
began in India
Buddhism, founded by Siddhartha Gautama (the "Buddha"),
important religion in most of the countries of Asia.
By 250 BC, Buddhism spread to Sri Lanka,
Later Mahayana sect became popular
spread to south-east Asia and China
6th century AD, Mahayana Buddhism spread to Cambodia
One belief of Buddhism is often reincarnation
it means that people are reborn after dying
most individuals go through many cycles of birth, living, death, rebirth
In reincarnation, the individual may recur repeatedly
In rebirth, a person doesn't necessarily return to Earth as the same person ever again.
The Sanskrit or Pali
(Sacred text or holy book)
In the former, also called the Sutras (Sanskrit) or Suttas (Pali) are believed to be the actual words of the Buddha
Buddhists go on pilgrimages to places associated with Buddha's life
These places include his birthplace, Lumbini Grove, the place of enlightenment, Bodh Gaya, the place of his first sermon Sarnarth and the place he died, Kusinara
In addition there are other sacred places, special to the various branches of Buddhism
(EX.) since the Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism, was removed from Tibet when the Chinese army invaded in 1959, he's been livng in Dharamsala, India
This has become a special place for his followers who go there to study and hope for an audience with the Dalai Lama.
Places of Worship
The dharmachakra is the "wheel of law" in Buddhism
representing the cycle of death and rebirth as well as the rapid spiritual change made by the teachings of the Buddha
The eight spokes in the center of the wheel represent the Noble Eightfold Path set out by the Buddha
Wheel of Law
Vesak or Visakah Puja ("Buddha Day")
Traditionally, Buddha's Birthday is known as Vesak or Visakah Puja (Buddha's Birthday Celebrations)
Vesak is the major Buddhist festival of the year as it celebrates the birth, enlightenment and death of the Buddha on the one day, the first full moon day in May, except in a leap year when the festival is held in June
his celebration is called Vesak being the name of the month in the Indian calendar
Most Important Celebration / Festival
1. The term "Buddhism" was made by Western scholars in the 1930s. Buddhists don't actually refer to their religion as "Buddhism".
2. With 360 million followers,Buddhism is the fourth largest religion in the world.
3. Because of it's emphasis on meditation and mindfulness, Buddhism is often considered to be a form of psychology rather than a religion.