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Tibet Genocide

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Jessie Dart

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of Tibet Genocide

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Jessie Dart, Johnathan Newman, Zeke Bridges, Claudia Baker and Rechenna Lo Genocide in Tibet China’s intensifying repression of Tibetan culture comes at a time when Chinese state is attempting to expand its own cultural power

The international community is trying to get the genocide to be known as an actual genocide. There is speculation that it is not the destruction of people, therefore not making it worthy of other nations' resources and time.

They are calling for stronger international efforts to address and reverse China's culturally destructive policies and practices in Tibet.
Despite many requests for help by the young Dalai Lama western countries didn’t support Tibet.

Experts have identified that elements of cultural destruction are precursors to physical destruction.

"Raising awareness of the problem in the world is the best that the international party and US can do for now,"... that's a common belief. The response of the US and the international community to the genocide 1. Here is an encounter by Blake Kerr (M.D.) from the Tibetan Political Review. "Besides the victims of torture, I encountered something worse. A Tibetan woman named Kunsang explained to me that she was six months pregnant with her first child." It is clear that many, besides those directly involved, are also affected by the genocide. Potential lives were put in jeopardy (the baby's and the Mother's), but aside from them, the family would have been directly affected as well as their friends and others. Power, Samantha. "A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide." A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide. Harper Perennial, New York, 2002. Web. 23 Sept. 2012.

"Confronting Genocide: Never Again?" K12albemarle.org. Sept. 2004. Brown University. 23 Sept. 2012 <www2.k12albemarle.org>.

"India Arrests Tibetan Activists To Stop Anti-China Protests." Here & Now. 90.9 WBUR Radio Station, n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2012/03/30/india-tibet-china>.

"History of Tibet - ENotes.com." Enotes.com. Enotes.com, n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://www.enotes.com/topic/History_of_Tibet>.

Sautman, Barry. "Colonialism, Genocide, and Tibet." Asian Ethnicity. Vol. 7. N.p.: Taylor and Francis, 2006. 243-65. Print. -The Tibetan Yarlung dynasty conquered the Chinese T'ang dynasty for most of the eighth century. So historically, the Chinese were once under Tibetan rule.

-The main Chinese forms of Buddhism are quite different from the Tibetan forms... so there was not a lot of religious tolerance in general.

-Culturally, Chinese people tended not to know the myths, religious symbols, or history of Tibet, nor do Tibetans tend to know those of the Chinese.

-Linguistically, the Tibetan language differs from the
Chinese language which was very important in
China's reasoning for the genocide -There were four main phases: first, in 1949, the People's Republic of China began invading, occupying, and colonizing Tibet under the rule of Mao Zedong.

-The second phase was that Chinese military rulers pretended to show support for the existing "local" Tibetan government and culture, from 1951 through 1959, but with gradual infiltration of greater numbers of troops and communist cadres into Tibet.

-The third phase was in 1959 and involved violent suppression of government and culture, mass arrests, and formation of a vast network of labor camps.

-The fourth and final phase, violent cultural revolution, from 1966 through 1976, destroyed the remaining monasteries and monuments Actual Events of the Genocide What events lead to the genocide?
-Cultural Differences Even the current Dalai Lama had to seek political asylum in India... and many Tibetans joined there too.
In one year (1959-1960) roughly 87,000 deaths were recorded-primarily in the Lhasa Uprising
An estimated 1,000,000 Tibetans were tortured, tormented, and killed-but is not proven
Most deaths were actually caused by famine
Monks were put into labor camps
Tibetans were sent to live in concrete blocks to prevent rebellion
Over 6,000 libraries and Buddhist universities were destroyed
A Chinese birth control team set up a tent and Tibetan women were forcibly sterilised.
Even women 9 months pregnant had
abortions. -There were two lawsuits against the Chinese accusing them of having perpetrated crimes against humanity in Tibet.

-The first lawsuit included “a generalized and systematic attack against the Tibetan population... since March 2008.” The second was denounced by the Chinese.

-The international community was keeping the Tibetans in the public eye so they do not get swallowed up whole by the Chinese How can this genocide be personalized so we understand more than just the numbers? 2. This is a modern day Tibetan who is leading an anti-China protest. Some Tibetans have set themselves on fire in protest. This shows that there is more than just the numbers and the anti-Chinese sentiment that many Tibetans still feel, is flowing in the air. Sources 1950-1959:
Buddhists in Tibet killed by the Chinese What Events Lead to the Genocide? Russia and China wanted to be in control of Tibet
China said it had always been a part of China
Britain colonized Tibet in 1907-recognized China's rule
China feared that if Tibet got its independence, the other country would take control
Communist party astonished the west by diminishing the armies of the Republic of China extremely quickly
Because of this, Britain and the US wanted the Dalai Lama to declare independence
In 1912 Tibet declared their independence from China
No other countries recognized this until 1950 Tibet Now In 2008, protests turned into riots in Tibet
There were rumors that some athletes were considering boycotting the 2008 Summer Olympics over the Tibetan violence
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi called for an international investigation into the violence in Tibet and dismissed China's claim that the Dalai Lama was behind the unrest after a meeting with the Dalai Lama "We saw girls crying, heard their screams as they waited for their turn to go inside the tent, and saw the growing pile of foetuses build outside the tent, which smelled horrible". Dalai Lama offered to Beijing:
"One country, two systems" -Hong Kong
1. All the high-plateau provinces are reunited in a natural Tibet Autonomous Region;
2. Tibet is allowed to govern itself democratically with true autonomy over internal matters
3. Tibet is demilitarized except for essential border garrisons; Chinese soldiers are allowed only for defense purposes
4. The environment is respected and economic development controlled by the Tibetans themselves.
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