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Transcript of POP ART
When did it start and end?
Started mid 1950s
Ended early 1970s
Where did it originate?
Began in Great Britain and later in the US
Artists in London (aka Independent Group) met to discuss topics such as mass culture’s place in fine art
Emerging from the austerity of the post-war years the citizens were ambivalent about American popular culture.
Interested in Western movies, science fiction, books, billboards, automobile design, and rock and roll music.
Following the Abstract Expressionists or rebel against the strict formalism advocated by many schools of modernism
What was expressed?
Presented a challenge to traditional fine art by including imagery from popular culture such as advertising, news, etc.
Artist were searching for trauma in the mediated world of advertising, cartoons, and popular imagery at large
Artists celebrated common placed objects and people of everyday life
The subject matter became far from traditional "high art" themes of morality, mythology, and classic history
How are the characteristics different from other art movements?
Recognizable imagery, drawn from popular media and products
Usually very bright colors
Flat imagery influences by comic book and newspaper photographs
Images of celebrities or fictional characters in comic books, advertisements and fan magazines
in sculpture, an innovative use of media
It galvanized energy among young people born during Post-World War II generation
Rebelling against esoteric vocabulary of abstract art
Wanted to express optimism after so much hardship and privation in a youthful visual language.
Pop art celebrated the United Generation of SHOPPING
What brought about this movement?
the need to spike optimism
How did this influence what came after?
Optical art came after
Reduced Geometrical forms
Sometimes black and white
Sometimes very brilliant colors
Technical Aspects That Make It Special
Mass-Produced Images - Advertisement copy and comic book pictures
Altered Photographs - color changed in an image of an item or person
Icons - iconic images, corporate logos, cultural symbols - altered or decorated
Abstract Positioning - traditional positioning of images on canvas or print
Altering of Size, Medium, or Texture - small items bigger, big items smaller, huge head on tiny body, etc.
People enjoyed the look and style
Created the sense of optimism among people
Different from any type of art style seen before
What Art Theory Does Pop Art Fall Under?
Allowed artists to express how they felt about certain things through color and placement of objects or items
Who were some main artists in the Pop Art movement?
Still Life by Tom Wesselmann (1962)
On the Balcony by Peter Blake (1955-1957)
I was a Rich Man's Plaything by Eduardo Paolozzi (1947)
Flag by Jasper Johns (1954-1955)
Just What Is It That Makes Today's Homes So Different, So Appealing? by Richard Hamiltion (1956)
Drowning Girl by Roy Lichenstein (1963)
A Bigger Splash by David Hockney (1967)
Campbell's Soup Can by Andy Warhol (1962)
Whaam! by Roy Lichenstein (1963)
Marilyn Diptych by Andy Warhol (1962)
How has Pop Art influenced us today?
still use many of the characteristics from pop art in our advertisements
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1 Jan. 2014. Web. 13 Sept. 2014.
Gersh-Nesic, Beth. "Pop Art - Art History 101 Basics." Abouteducation. About.com, 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 13 Sept. 2014.
Wanczura, Dieter. "Modern Art Movements." Artelino Japanese Prints. Artelino, 1 Jan. 2001. Web. 13 Sept. 2014.
"10 Most Famous Pop Art Paintings and Collages." 10 Most Famous Pop Art Paintings and Collages. Top Ten Lists, 15 July 2013. Web. 13 Sept. 2014.
"The Influence of Art History on Modern Design - Pop Art." Pixel77. Metro Pro Theme on Genesis Framework, 31 Aug. 2010. Web. 13 Sept. 2014.
Major Works of Art