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Nancy Luna-Espino

on 5 December 2014

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Transcript of Education

The Fictitious Epidemic
Sweeping Our Country

School Social Workers
Inequality in Education
Teacher Certification
2% of teachers in Michigan are not certified.
14% of teachers in Detroit are not certified.

Undergo Evaluation
Michigan Council For Educator Effectiveness Interim Progress Report

Code of Ethics

Standardized Testing
2001: Policy to Include all students in Michigan Educational Assessments System
Examples: MEAP, MME
Inequalities & Education
Schools are thought to be places where students from different backgrounds all get a fair shot at receiving a good education.
Social Conditions
Economic Conditions
Racial Inequalities
Gender Inequalities
Differences in Location -> Unequal access to resources
Social Class
Unequal Access
Vary in location
Property taxes
Private Schools
Best Schools
School Vouchers
State-funded scholarships
Eligibility Varies
Low-income students
Low-performing schools
Military families
Foster care
Drop-out Rates
- Lowest among Asians, followed by whites
- Doubled among Hispanic, black, and Native American students
Provides services to students
Work with school staff, teachers, students, families, and community agencies

Vital link between home, school, and community
Superintendent Dropout Challenge
2009: 10-15 students at high risk of dropping out.
Multi-tiered System of Supports (MTSS)
2014-2015: Expanded to all Michigan Students
Priority and Focus Schools
Michigan Student Test of Educational Progress
Replace the MEAP in spring
Helps students demonstrate skills such as problem-solving
Questions developed by state officials, educators and also by Smarter Balanced

No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
2001: Reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

Act requires all states to test students in public schools statewide to make sure they are achieving the level of minimum education
Help schools meet expectations of federal, state and local mandate
Help remove barriers
Education Reforms
Want to address the socioeconomic factors that lead to unequal access to education
Head Start
Kids Hope

School Programs
Counselors & School Social Workers
They teach in classes, small groups, or on
an individual level.
They work to better the mental health of a student.
Amazing Grace
Poverty and Education
Juvenile school built directly across of current school
Children's school work suffering do to personal struggles at home. Often with health
State of depression in children is constant, no medical attention offered
Smartest kid in school dreams of being an x-ray tech
Repeat after me drills and songs for what to do when they here gun shots are the norm
Metal detectors and guards at every school entrance
Hypersegregation. Token minority children are pulled from impoverished schools to go to white schools on scholarships. Eliminates key students that encouraged other students to succeed
Class of 3200 students, graduating class is 200
Eighty percent of children from schools discharged and without degree or employment following six year study
School smells, children refuse to use school bathrooms, green mold is visible in many class rooms
Toxic dump, twelve blocks from school grounds
Age of Enlightment, 18th century, First public school
Mid 18th century first manditory schooling, run by the lutherans for the sake of salvation
Late 18th century, Women have the opportunity to go to school
1870 all states have free public education. US Litteracy is one of the highest in the world
1871 first public high school
Brown vs Board (1954)
Elementary and Secondary Education act of 1965
1975 Education for all Handicapped children act (Changed to IDEA in 1990)
No child left behind act (2001)

The Real Epidemic
UN adopts eight Millennium goals
Eradicate extreme poverty
Universal primary education
1979-2005 16% decline resulting from inflation-adjusted earning
Human Development Early Childhood Care Research Network release report regarding factors that attribute to poor student achievement.
source of income
mothers educational level
Academic journals release early childhood school readiness factors
attending preschool
Smoking, drinking, or drugs while pregnant
low supportiveness received from mothers
Evan, Candace, and Nancy
Kozol, Jonathan. Amazing Grace. New York: Perennial, 1995. Print.
Martin, Molly A. "Social Class and Changing Families in an Unequal
America." American Sociological Association 42.2 (2013). ProQuest Sociology. Web. 2 Dec. 2014.
Isaacs, Julia B. "Starting School at a Disadvantage: The School
Readiness of Poor Children." Center on Children and Families (2012): 1-20. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
Engle, Patrice L., and Maureen M. Black. "The Effect of Poverty
onChild Development and Educational Outcomes." : 1-9. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
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