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Studying The Bible

Practical way of studying a Bible passage - In this example we study John 10:10
by

Andrew White

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of Studying The Bible

Three Key Steps to studying the Bible. Putting this into practice. Context Questions Observation. What is the historical/cultural background of the book of this passage?
What has just happened in this passage?
What happens after? Structural Questions Does the author raise any questions?
Does the author provide any answers?
Is there a pivotal statement or word?
What linking words are used?
What ideas do they link?
What verbs (doing words) are used to describe action in the passage?
Is there any repetition of words?
Are there any key words that stand out?
Any cause and effect in the passage?
Any contrasts? Interpretation. You may want to write out the passage and circle/highlight/write notes on the
passage when studying. Continuity Of The Message What is the overall message of this book?
How does this passage fit into that message?
What does the Bible teach on the subject addressed in this passage?
(You may want to use a Concordance for this)
Is this passage clear on this subject?
Is there another passage that more directly addresses this subject?
Is this passage intended to teach a truth, or simply to record an event? Meaning. Briefly summarize the teaching of the passage in its most natural, normal meaning.
What issues, questions, terms, or teachings are difficult to understand? Application Questions to answer honestly. Is there a teaching here to be learned or followed?
Does this passage communicate a rebuke to be heard and followed?
Is there a correction to be noted?
In what way does this passage train us to be righteous?
What must I change? Context Questions Observation.

What happens after? Structural Questions
Any contrasts? Interpretation. Continuity Of The Message
Is this passage intended to teach a truth, or simply to record an event? Meaning.
What issues, questions, terms, or teachings are difficult to understand? Application Questions to answer honestly.


What must I change? Let's look at John 10:10 to see how we do this practically. "The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full." - John 10:10 The gospel of John was written by the Disciple John. He was writing primarily to the Gentile believers. The book was written between AD50 and AD58.
In this book John shows us that Jesus has come to be God on earth, reveal the Father (God) to us and to bring eternal life to all who believe in him. What is the historical/cultural background of the book of this passage? What has just happened before this passage? Jesus has just told the parable of The Good Shepherd and His sheep. (John 10:1-6) In this he says that the sheep will only listen to their shepherds voice. The robbers and thieves who try and steal them have no luck for they are not the good shepherd.
The people, especially the Pharisees, are confused and don't understand what Jesus is talking about, so Jesus explains himself. (v7-18) He, Jesus, is the gate that leads to the Father. Those who have come before Him are thieves and robbers trying to steal and destroy those who believe in the Lord. Jesus continues to explain that He is the good shepherd and that He cares for His sheep and He will sacrifice Himself for His sheep. (suggesting the Crucifixion)
After Jesus explains this the people He is with have mixed reactions. Some think He is demon possessed, others think He can only be the Son of God. Does the author raise any questions? No, John is writing the words that Jesus spoke. Does the author provide any answers? No, John is writing the words that Jesus spoke. Is there a pivotal statement or word? "The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full." - John 10:10 What linking words are used? "The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full." - John 10:10 What ideas do they link? Idea 1 - We can have life.
Idea 2 - We can have a full life.
Result - We can have a life that is unbelievably amazing. More amazing than anything else in the world. What verbs (doing words) are used to describe action in the passage? "The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full." - John 10:10 Is there any repetition of words? In this instance there are no repeated words.
Are there any key words that stand out? "The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full." - John 10:10 Any cause and effect in the passage? In this instance there is no cause and effect. Contrast between the thief and Jesus.
Thief - "comes only to steal and kill and destroy;"
Jesus - "come that they may have life and have it to the full." What is the overall message of this book? Johns main theme is that Jesus is the only way to the Father, and that Jesus is the only one way to have eternal life. How does this passage fit into that message? This passage is Jesus telling us just that, He is the one who can give life and life in all its fullness. What does the Bible teach on the subject addressed in this passage? The Bible teaches that Jesus is life, and the only way to have eternal life is through him.
John 1:4 // John 3:15- 17 // John 11:25 // John 14:6 // Acts 3:15 // 2 Timothy 2: 11 // 1 John 1:1 (and more) (I used a Concordance for this.) Is this passage clear on this subject? Yes, Jesus is saying that He has come to give us life. The Bible says Jesus is the only way to have eternal life and here Jesus is explicitly saying 'I have come that they [that's us] may have life and have it to the full'. This is what Jesus is here to do. Bring us life! Is there another passage that more directly addresses this subject? Here, we are looking at verses that we looked up already when looking at what the Bible teaches. Both. John is recording the conversation that Jesus had with the Pharisees, but within that recording comes a teaching from Jesus, that He has come to give life. Briefly summarize the teaching of the passage in its most natural, normal meaning. The Pharisees and those who came before Jesus who said they were God were people who wanted to hurt God's children. Doing work that the Devil was pleased with. Jesus however is the real deal, he has come to earth so that our relationship with God can be restored and we can have a life that is full and never ending. "The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full." - John 10:10 I find working out who the thief is difficult. Is Jesus directing this directly to the Pharisees or is this more a general statement of people who have acted like this. "The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full." - John 10:10 These are questions for you to answer honestly for your own personal relationship with God.
Perhaps you have never thought about what is being taught here - that Jesus came to give us a life that is full. Is there a teaching here to be learned or followed? Does this passage communicate a rebuke to be heard and followed? I don't think there is a rebuke here, but perhaps for you this is something that you really want to think about. Is there a correction to be noted? Are you living a full life?
Why/Why not? In what way does this passage train us to be righteous? Perhaps this passage doesn't teach so much on how to be righteous, but looks at what a righteous persons life looks like? Only you can answer this one. "The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full." - John 10:10 So, what have we learned? "The thief comes only to
steal and kill and destroy;
I have come that
they may have life,
and have it to the full."
- John 10:10 It may be helpful to look at the passage
in different versions of the bible,
e.g The Message, NLT, TNIV etc... has just told the people he is with the parable of the thief and the good Shepherd. However the people, especially the Pharisees, are confused about what Jesus has just said. Jesus So He starts to explain... Thief The Is only interested in himself. Jesus is referring of course to the Pharisees. They do not care about anyone apart from themselves. Whereas Jesus came to give Life, And life in all it's fullness.
Jesus came to earth and died and so that we could live. An amazing full life free from sin - because of Jesus. The key word in this passage is 'and'. Not only do we get life.
We get it to the full!.
A rich, full and amazing life.
The message version describes it like this; "I came so they can have
real and eternal life,
more and better life
than they ever dreamed of."
- John 10:10b (MSG) All throughout the book of
John we see Jesus being
refereed to, and saying himself
that He is life.
All we've got to do to get that
life is believe, and follow Him. "‘I am the resurrection and
the life. The one who believes
in me will live, even
though they die;"
- John 11:25 Full. Jesus doesn't promise us an easy life.
He promises us one that is Living life with Christ. That's what makes life worth it. Studying the Bible.
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