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Fluency Boot Camp
Transcript of Fluency Boot Camp
Fluency Boot Camp: Fluency Boot Camp can be modified and customized for pretty much any grade level and classroom situation.
Consider including overviews of fluency components, practice "drills", and reinforcement activities. What is Fluency? Fluency is the ability to read smoothly and automatically, with expression and attention to punctuation!
Keep in mind, that accuracy plays a huge role in fluency, and students need to ask themselves the big three questions to monitor their reading:
Does it look right?
Does it sound right?
Does it make sense?
Often, struggling readers have a hard time with fluency due to their self-monitoring and decoding difficulties, as as a result their comprehension is greatly affected.
Decoding, comprehension, and fluency all go hand-in-hand, so when one piece of the puzzle is weak, the other pieces may suffer. Getting Started Begin with an overview of the major fluency componenst: Pace, Phrasing, Expression, and Punctuation. Each week you can go into detail about each component, with explicit modeling and opportunities for student practice.
I would also send a letter home explaining Fluency Boot Camp with a fluency sheet attached so parents can provide reinforcement as well. Perhaps you can tie it into daily homework.
Before you go into the activities create a Fluency Folder for your students to keep all their materials in. Necessary Materials Here's what you will need:
reader's theater scripts
clock/stopwatchs Fluency Activities Begin by modeling each component so pick ones that will fit the learning styles and needs of your students. Whether it independent or with partners students need to see what the activity looks like ans what the expectations are for them. These activities are ones that are more effective with repetition, so be sure to implement them a few times during the camp. PACE Pace = the speed in which you read
- the goal is to read at a "just right" pace
- reading not too fast and not too slow
Speed Drills -
Speed drills build fluency because they help students quickly recognize letters, words, word families, common syllables, and spelling patterns in multi-syllabic words.
Students love trying to beat their scores. 1-minute partner drills are effective. Have students graph their progress for each attempt.
Reading Passages (Cold/Hot Reads)
Cold and hot reads are perfect for students to see their progress in their reading pace after practice. A "cold read" is when students read a passage for the first time. A "hot read" is when students are warmed-up and have practiced the passage a few times. Students can time themselves or work with a partner. Phrasing Phrasing = Chunking the words together into meaningful phrases
Reading in phrases and not reading one. word. at. a. time.
Phrases are chunks of meaningful text.
Three types of phrases:
Model different phrases and put them together in a meaningful sequence to make sentences.
Students can also practice phrasing through speed drills with sight word phrases. The fat cat Who slept on
the couch Did what on the
couch. Where ,when, add-on Expression Expression = Reading with feeling in your voice
Changing your voice to match the character
Reading like you would speak (and not like a robot)
Moving your voice up and down
Readers Theater and Poetry are two great ways for students to practice expression. For both types of text, students can apply expression and practice putting feeling and emotion into their reading.
Students are assigned parts and can practice their lines independently or with their groups.
Students love reading silly poems so Shel Silverstein and Kenn Nesbitt are great authors. Also, www.gigglepoetry.com is a great website to find fun, engaging poems.
Note: Practice is the key with both, and students should read each repeatedly to build up good fluency! Punctuation Punctuation = Reading with attention to punctuation
stopping at periods...
taking breaths at commas...
making your voice go up for questions marks ???
showing excitement for exclamations points !!!
using "quotations" to change voice for characters
Writing with punctuation is often a chore for student, but reading with punctuation can be fun! Tying right in with expression, students can practice using different kinds of punctuation when they read. First model what reading sounds like without punctuation. By the end you'll be panting for breath and ready to pass out. Students will get a kick out of it because it definitely proves a point.
Give students practice sentences using different punctuation: I love french fries. I love french fries? I love french fries! Technology RAZ-Kids
Students can listen to stories read to them or they can read a story and have it recorded. It can then be played back so students can listen and reflect on the type of reader they are.
www.raz-kids.com Celebrating Survival Don't forget to celebrate student success.
Have students reflect on their success by filling out a reflection sheet to stick in their Fluency Folders.