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Nanotechnology for curing cancer
Transcript of Nanotechnology for curing cancer
uncontrollable division and growth of cells which form malignant tumors
What is nanotechnology?
is the manipulation of matter at the atomic and molecular scale to create materials with new and advanced properties.
Nanotechnology for cancer treatment
To prove that nanotechnology has a great potential for cancer treatment and can be more effective in comparison with traditional methods
November 22, 2013
X-rays, Gamma rays and Charged Particles
shrink tumors and kill cancer cells.
Delivered by a machine
From radioactive material placed
the body near cancer cells
Radiation therapy can damage normal cells, leading to
Chemotherapy uses drugs that reach
of the body:
Cancer cells + Normal cells
Body is exposed to
(up to 113°F) to damage and kill cancer cells.
However, organs located
next to the tumor
can be damaged as well.
Hyperthermia may result in side effects, such as
burns, blisters, diarrhea, nausea, cardiac and vascular disorders.
Advantages of nanomedicine in comparison with traditional methods:
method for cancer treatment which is believed to
replace traditional methods
in the nearest future
such as Radiotherapy,chemotherapy, hyperthermia and surgery have considerable
in cancer treatment
Misra Ranjita, and Sarbari Acharya, and Sanjeeb K. Sahoo. 2010. “Cancer nanotechnology: application of nanotechnology in cancer therapy.” Drug Discovery Today 15 (19-20): 842-48.
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"Cancer." WHO. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs297/en/ (accessed November 18, 2013).
Weinberg, Robert A.. The biology of cancer. New York: Garland Science, 2007.
Om, Pal Singh, and R.M. Nehru. "Nanotechnology and Cancer Treatment." Asian Journal of Experimental Sciences 22, no. 2 (2008): 45-50.
"National Cancer Institute." Hyperthermia in Cancer Treatment -. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Therapy/hyperthermia (accessed November 21, 2013).
"Life After Cancer." Terminal Times. http://www.terminaltimes.net/2011_09_01_archive.html (accessed November 21, 2013).
"Mesothelioma Chemotherapy." Mesothelioma Cancer Alliance. http://www.mesothelioma.com/treatment/conventional/chemotherapy/ (accessed November 21, 2013).
has a great
in other areas of medicine
Able to transfer only
, which enable liposome
through cell membrane and deliver the drug
Able to transfer only
Used widely nowadays and are believed to be effective
decreased production of white blood cells
- inflammation of the lining of the digestive track
Tumor biomarker proteins bind to
located on a cantilever. This causes cantilever
and presence of cancer can be detected
Tubes which have ability to absorb
is a leading cause of death.
people have died because of cancer in 2008. The number of cancer cases may increase by
in 2030. (WHO, 2013)
part of the human body to
of cases are due to the environmental factors, such as:
is the medical application of nanotechnology to identify and treat particular diseases.
of cases are due to genetics
Genes responsible for cell
is a small object that can vary according to its
that glow under
When targeting specific cancer cells, the tumor can be detected according to the
emitted by dots.
identify cancer at
stages --> >
of tumor formation
No surgery required
required as in surgery
No disadvantages for health
Few medical trials
Requires more in-depth studies
identify cancer at
harm healthy cells
to the tumor ->
for healthy cells
chance of patient to
after the surgery
Surgery removes the tumor, does not remove
the surrounding cells
Thank you for attention!