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Ethnic Conflict in Somalia
Transcript of Ethnic Conflict in Somalia
Somalia's Ethnic Groups
The Isaak and Hawiye ethnic groups caused the first wave of unrest after the government was overthrown by the Isaak clan and the Hawiye clan took over southern Somalia. Eventually, all 6 clans and several subclans are involved in the conflict.
Effects on Somalia
The women of Somalia have been especially affected by the war. They have no rights, and have a lower life expectancy (only 51). In addition, they are outcasts of society due to the fact that the majority of them are forced to go through a procedure known as circumsicion.
Kacey Smekrud, Jenna Berger, Morgan Jemtrud, & Hallie Maxwell
There is no clear majority group, but all of the clans are fighting with the same goal - to gain more land in Somalia, despite famine, lack of supplies, and poverty.
The lack of a strong central
government in Somalia has caused all clans to claim land as their own; resulting in violent disputes between ethnic groups.
This civil war has been a series of battles among the clans. Poverty-stricken groups have moved in to refugee camps in hopes of safety, although there is little food. This war has continued for 23 years (from January 26, 1991 to present day).
Refugees are faced with famine, and are malnourished due to lack of protein. Enemy soldiers seize food, property, and weapons from citizens, leaving them in poverty.
People have emigrated from Somalia, but many countries are unaware or uninformed of the conflict between the clans. The involved countries aren't affected by the problem, but attempt to control the country, ultimately failing.
There is fighting dispersed throughout Somalia, causing intense violence and brutal deaths to be a common theme within the country. In addition, the unrest is destroying any government or system of order to improve the turmoil in Somalia.
The largest casualty is among the locals of Somalia. Impoverished groups migrate to refugee camps, barely having the supplies to survive through the catastrophic strife unfolding around them. Women have no rights at all, being outcasts and abused with death threatening all.
AP Human Geography Textbook
Views and Solutions
There are no distinct opinions on the Somalia conflict other than each clan's desire for territory. None of these claims are legitimate; each clan has high expectations for their personal amount of land.
A more effective central government is the ultimate goal.
We suggest that each clan elects their own council member, each with equal representation.
This system can be similar to the concept of separate but equal states.
After each clan has representation chosen, the conflict of territory can be resolved.
The territorial debate can be solved either by dividing land equally, or designating land based upon population of each clan. (i.e. the larger the clan, the bigger piece of land assigned)
Either way, most of Somalia, and the rest of the world aware of the conflict, believe the problem must be resolved peacefully to avoid the collapse of Somalia itself.