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Francis of Assisi & Franciscan Spirituality
Transcript of Francis of Assisi & Franciscan Spirituality
Francis of Assisi, 1181-1226
Founder of the Order of Friars Minor (The Franciscans & the Order of St. Clare (The Poor Clares)
Francis was son of wealthy merchant; a soldier; had conversion experience on a pilgrimage to Rome
Francis composed the Simple Rule (1209)
Via Apostolica (Way of the Apostles)
Pope Innocent III sanctioned Franciscans (1210)
Foundation of the Poor Clares (1212)
Francis receives the stigmata (1224)
Canonized as a Saint of the Catholic Church (1228)
Patron Saint of Animals, Environment and Italy
Jorge Mario Bergoglio chose to be Pope Francis in honor of Francis of Assisi (2013 - ff.)
Pope John Paull II sanctioned Francis as the "Patron of Ecology" (1979)
Legends from the "Little Flowers" (Fioretti)
Frances preaches to the birds
Frances negotiates between a ferocious wolf and the citizens of Gubbio
Popes and Catholic Theologians have often appropriated Frances as a paradigmatic example of a Christian who stood in right relationship to the world.
God's people are called to be stewards of the earth (See the Genesis Account)
Francis and the Love of Nature
Francis and the Stigmata
Francis receives the stigmata when onn a forty day fast
"Suddenly he (Francis) saw a vision of a seraph, a six-winged angel on a cross. This angel gave him the gift of the five wounds of Christ." (11/14/1224)
-Account from Brother Leo
Five Wounds: Wrist, Feet, and Side of Christ are the wounds
Canticle of the Sun (aka Praise of the Creatures)
Nature/Lady Poverty over Materialism
Written around 1224
Sung at the deathbed of Francis
Francis praises the following:
Lord God with all your creatures
Sir Brother Sun
Sister Moon and the stars
Brothers Wind and Air
Brother Sun and Sister Moon
Francis and the Love of the Poor
Francis and the Beggar
Vision in Rome (Chapel at San Damiano): Icon of Jesus on Cross instructs Francis to, "Go and repair My house which, as you can see, is falling into ruins."
Francis rebuilt churches around the area of Assisi, including the Porziuncola (small portion of land)
"As you go, make this proclamation: 'The kingdom of heaven is at hand.'...Without cost you have received; without cost you are to give...Do not take gold...or a second tunic, or sandals, or a walking stick...Behold, I am sending you like sheep in the midst of wolves"
- Frances hears this proclamation during a sermon on Saint Matthew's Day (1209) at the Church of San Damaino