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World Politics Lecture 3 Primordialism to Nation-States
Transcript of World Politics Lecture 3 Primordialism to Nation-States
Intro to World Politics Lecture 3
Before There Were States
States and nations are relatively new political inventions
There is no international system before there are states
For most of human history people lived in primordial kinship communities
Small groups of people linked by familial ties of blood and marriage
Legitimacy derives from common ancestry
Governed by patrimonial rule
Confront resource scarcity
Focused on intergenerational survival
Disciplined by honor and shame in order to carefully control and husband resources
Emperors, feudal lords, and monarchs each represent a form of dynastic rule over increasingly complex societies of strangers
This transformation takes THOUSANDS of years--most of "history"
Emergence of States
The 2nd Agricultural Revolution led to the rise of sovereign states across Europe
Classical monarchs became unable to extract and rule in the name of blood
Legitimacy attached to the consent of the governed rather than the blood of the governor
Paralleled by the rise of imagined political communities bound by culture, language, religion, and/or history
States, Nations, etc.
States: territories endowed with sovereignty and legal status in the international community to grant citizenship and govern
Nations: imagined community of people who believe they belong together and that they have the right to be ruled by a government legitimated by their consent
Nation-State: a nation governed by a sovereign state
Nationless States? Stateless nations?
Exists when “a group of states, conscious of certain common interests and common values, form a society in the sense that they conceive themselves to be bound by a common set of rules in their relations with one another, and share in the working of common institutions” –Bull
Sovereignty, non-intervention, external legitimacy
Historical Periods by Population
The 1st Agricultural Revolution challenged kinship legitimacy and discipline
Food surpluses led to the establishment of River Valley Civilizations and early empires
Societies of strangers linked to destiny but not by blood required new forms of governance and legitimacy to resolve conflict, defend territory, manage resources, and extract taxes/conscription
Dynastic rule perpetuated the rule of blood but in the name of dominant blood lines
Years of Change