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Making Laws

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by

Hana Faidi

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Making Laws

Making Laws First Reading Second Reading This is the first time the bill is actually presented and debated by MP's. In the end of the session MP's vote whether or not the bill should go into the Committee Stage. Committee Stage A detailed examination of the bill takes place. Delegates can suggest changes to the Bill called amendments.

Every clause of the Bill is agreed to, changed, or removed from the Bill. This may happen without a debate at times. Report Stage This is an opportunity for all MP's to consider all amendments, which have been examined in a Public Bill Committee.

*All members may speak, vote and suggest amendments to the bill but The Speaker selects the amendments for discussion unlike the House of Lords. Third Reading This is the final chance for the House of Commons to debate the content of the bill but NO amendments may be made. What is a Law? Laws are rules and regulations created by governing bodies, made for the well being and protection of people in society. Laws in the United Kingdom must comply with the unwritten Constitution, European Union and International legislation. In order for a law to become a law it must go through a lengthy process through the House of Commons and the House of Lords as a bill. A bill can start in either
house as long as it goes
through the other house and they
both can agree on the bill. The Bill is formally read by an MP without a debate. The Bill is printed and distributed to the whole house and a date is set for the seconding reading. *sometimes the bill is not debated and the MP's vote straight for it to go straight into its second reading. If all members approve the bill then
bill is sent to the House of Lords. Off to the House of Lords... First Reading Members of the Lords in charge of the bill introduced the bill. Once introduced the bill is printed and distributed. *No debate takes place Second Reading All Lords discuss and debate the main purpose and principles of the bill. Lords will flag up concerns and areas where change is needed. Committee Stage Every clause of the bill is examined in detail and agreed upon. All amendments are discussed during this stage, if agreed upon then a new draft of the bill is printed and distributed. *This can last several days Reading Stage A line by line examination takes place and all Lords agree upon the new drafted bill. It is then printed and ready for the third reading. Third Reading This is the last reading, the last chance for changes to be made. Amendments can still be made as long as they haven't been voted on before. Consideration of Amendments This is where both the House of Commons and the House of Lords agree to the exact wording of the bill. The bill begins to go back and forth between the houses in a "ping-pong" effect until both houses reach an agreement. Royal Assent After both houses have agreed
to the bill it is sent to the Queen
for Royal Assent. Once the Queen signs the bill it
becomes an Act of
Parliament, a Law! Off to Buckingham
Palace ... What does the House of Lords (Cessation of Membership) Bill mean for british politics? does this bill act in favor of the House of Lords ?
Full transcript