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CIVIL RIGHTS by Laurie Vongamath

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Laurie Vongamath

on 17 May 2010

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Transcript of CIVIL RIGHTS by Laurie Vongamath

STRATEGIES PEOPLE ORGANIZATIONS EVENTS Ruby Bridges was the first African American to enter an all-white school in the South. She spent her first year of school as a class of one. She showed up to school everyday regardness of threats, angry mobs, and jobless parents and grandparents. No one can deny the bravery of this child. Ruby Bridges was a hero and a stepping stone towards the desegregation of all of America. Sit-ins were a nonviolent, yet dangerous way of protest. African American students would sit in "white only" lunch counters and other segregated public places in the South to protest against segregated seating. Martin Luther King Jr: :The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a year long protest in Montgomery, Alabama to desegregate seating on public buses. 42,000 African American residents used taxis, carpools, and their own two feet as transportation. Eventually, they won their fight to desegregate public buses in not just Montgomery, but all of America. The NAACP associates in improving the legal, educational, and economic lives of African Americans. Another way of protesting was doing a Bus Boycott. African Americans believed that if they didn't use public buses, it would desegregate bus seatings. So, they walked, carpooled, and used taxis instead of buses. Soon, many buses were empty and the companies lost money. After a year, desegregating bus seatings was accomplished. African American known for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. The bus driver arrested Rosa, and she was released later that night after Nixon and the Durrs posted a $100 bond. Rosa Parks became an activist and was widely known as the Mother of the Civil Rights Movement. Rosa Parks: Ruby Bridges: Montgomery Bus Boycott: March on Washington: The March of Washington attracted over 200,000 people for a peaceful demonstration of promoting Civil Rights and economic quality for African Americans. People walked down Constitution and Independence avenues. Later, they gathered around the Lincoln Memorial for speeches, songs, and prayers and most memorably, Martin Luther King Jr's "I Have a Dream" speech. Detroit Riot of 1967: The riot occurred as a result of Detroit policemen raiding an illegal black drinking establistment, handcuffing its patrons, and forcing them outside. A crowd of African Americans gathered around the scene, while the polce retreated fearing their safety. Angry, the crowd looted and burned down white-owned stores. As the riot extended towards its second day, African American stores were also destroyed. Before the National Guard ended the rioting, 43 African Americans were killed, and many were injured and arrested. The Detroit Riot of 1967 became a notion of African American despair. African Americans sitting in an all-white restaurant. Empty Bus Detroit Riot Scene with National Guards African Americans walking instead of taking the bus People gathered around the Lincoln Memorial and Washington Monument National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP): Deacons for Defense and Justice: A black organization established to protect civil right workers against the Klu Klux Klan. Their goal was to diminish Klu Klux Klan violence against Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). Congress of Racial Equality (CORE): American Civil Rights organization that believed in the strategy of nonviolent direct action such as sit-ins, jail-ins, and Freedom Rides. Klu Klux Klan: A secret terroist organization that originated from the South. They were completely against the Civil Rights Movement. So, they burned down African American houses, bombed churches, and lynched many African Americans. They were a threat towards desegregation. Klu Klux Klan One of the principal leaders of the Civil Rights Movement who believed in nonviolent protests. King's challenges to segregation and racial discrimination convinced many white Americans to support the cause of Civil Rights in America. After his assassination, King became a symbol of protest against the struggle for racial justice. Emmett Till: An African American boy who said "Bye Baby" to a white woman and soon faced a trajic death. One night, a couple of men dragged him into a barn, tortured Till and forced him to jump into wide waters. The men that killed him faced court, yet were found INNOCENT. Ruby Bridges Martin Luther King Jr Rosa Parks Selma Marches: A votings rights march occurred in 1965. The march was to start in Selma, Alabama to the capital of the state, Montgomery. The goal of the march was to draw national attention to the struggle for African American voting rights. Police beat the marchers outside of Selma. The violence became known as Bloody Sunday. One other strategy was getting more African Americans into all-white schools. The goal of this was to get everyone just to like each other and get along. If everyone got along, there would be less violence and more acceptance. This was a step towards integration and acceptance. In order to integrate seating patterns in buses, and desegregate bus terminals such as restrooms and drinking fountains, white and African American activists rode on buses headed towards New Orleans. They rode on intergrated buses from the North to the segregated South. Another plan towards the future of an integreated America. Little Rock Nine went to an all-white school. Sit ins: Bus Boycott: Integrate: Integrate Schools:
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