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Colonial Mexico - Durango
Transcript of Colonial Mexico - Durango
Similar to the Byzantine style that is characterized by the use domes , brick instead of stone and tiles instead of sculptures
Figures of saints and apostles carved in wood The church in Durango was a really important institution, so important that when the construction of the cathedral started they were several churches including de church of Remedios, the Santuario de la Virgen de Guadalupe just to mention some.
We can deduct that people in Durango were very devoted, because nobles gave all the land used for the construction of cathedrals to the church.
The bishops in charge of the construction of the cathedral were Don García de Legaspi and Obispo Benito Crespo; they were two because the Cathedral during the colony had two reparations.
The church as a wealthy institution invested a lot of money in the construction of the cathedral; to start they hired a known architect named Mateo Núñez.
They used expensive materials, which in a big amount came from Spain; like for example:
“Tenebrario” from XVI century of Mudejar origin
The choir stalls
Several paintings of the eighteenth century Church contribution in the creation of Durango Cathedral •silver acquired fabulous profiles in the eighteenth century
•metals stimulated significantly the industry and trade, and accelerated economic progress
•metals produced price rises that lowered the standard of living of the weaker classes They taught the new skill and the spanish culture winning indian's confidence All of this made the church the most important institution of the colony They fought to at least save indians from slavery Economic power:
Land possession in Durango
Money granted from diezmo
Civil power. The church in Durango gain its power by: Evagelization through education Construction of Temples, New center to find God Church Building Materials Sober baroque style facades, which is characterized by compositions based on curves, ellipses and spirals
Solomonic columns, shaped in a twisted form and upturned 6 times
Monumental decoration • Precious metals were considered fundamental roots of wealth
• the Spanish concentrated their efforts on gold mining
• slaves and encomienda Indians as laborers
• great development to traders, farmers and artisans suede, satin taffeta, velvet, The clothing that was used between the privileged castes, copied changing Baroque European fashion.
The Spanish, Creole and Mestizos wore waistcoats, trousers and gowns that were made in the richest materials.
These luxury items were even more noticeable in the costumes of the priests of religious orders.
Indigenous women covered their heads with a cloth sun and some of them still wear their pre-hispanic blouses Materials Used silk and damask, gold and silver trimmings Fernanda Visoso A01420082
David Islas Anaya A01420031
Katia Ortiz Sepulveda A01129982
Diego Mauricio Moreno A01129971 The presence of Spanish colonizers changed the way to dress in Mexico.
During colonial period people met new weaving techniques, materials, shapes and designs of clothing that helped reshape the textile fabric and also they brought from Europe silks, wool, loom pedals, etc.
The friars and governors, obsessed with eradicating certain cultural characteristics they considered "uncivilized", they banned many forms of personal adornment, and decoration on the face and body. Mail Use of the horse as a means of transport that is essential for the transfer of mail from one city to another and, in the course of these distances were buckshot "Postas", places were riders and / or carriages, can find food and a place to rest for their horses to continue the day. Commerce between Durango and the mail city They had primitive waterworks of pre-hispanic origin, most of their drinking water came from waterfalls and rivers.
They used big and strong animals for several activities. "Human interference may lead to the creation of a society or to its destruction" The stretch of the "Camino Real de Tierra Adentro" presented several different routes over time, one by Aguascalientes, and the other more important for San Luis Potosi since the recent discovery of the mines of Cerro de San Pedro.
Before the end of the sixteenth century the "Camino Real de Tierra Adentro" was traced to the town of New Mexico, founded on the occasion of the completion of the road and passing through Durango, Chihuahua and El Paso del Norte mainly. Resources Decimate Nuño Beltrán made an expedition with 500 Spaniards and 20,000 natives. He began exploiting Durango in 1531. The process he used to conquer was: First besiege the indigenous settlements, then he took control of the maize and crops, and then he burn and killed all the people. He applied tortures to the leaders of the natives in order to get information about their wealth. Later, Francisco Ibarra participated in the colonization of Durango, that belonged to Nueva Vizcaya. He found silver and gold Deposits and beat the Indiands xiximes and the indians cahitas. Before the conquest there were Indians Chichimecs and some Nomadic tribes. All of them lived in la comarca lagunera and they were exterminated.
Nowadays the Tepehuanos, Huicholes, Coras and Tarahumaras still exist. Ecological Footprint They extracted natural resources to build in America and to send things to Spain. They exploited many gold and silver mines. They forced people to give donations. The Cathedral and San Francisco’s temple were made because of these donations. They built, in places that were natural and they also built above pyramids. They reduce the space used for agriculture.
They brought animals like cows that affected the food chain. They burned harvests and cities; this is pollution. It also affected that they brought crops like wheat, because it finished with nutrients of the earth and they plant more to get a bigger population. Nowadays there are 112 336 538 people. Durango has 1 632 934, 1.4% of the population today. In 1521 Hernán Cortés count 7 264 059 people, if Durango had 1.4% of the population it means that there were 101 696 persons.
Today the value of the productions is of 11,333,160,535.23 million pesos in a year. In XVI they didn't have the technology we have today, so we are going to get the 5% of this that is 566,658,026 pesos in a year.
The technology they used were explosives. Aproximately they used 15,000 explosives in a year because of the money they got in a year by mining. In the multiplication we are going to put 15 in scale to 15,000, so 1 =1000 explosives. IPAT
I= P X A X T
P= POPULATION= 101 696
A= MONEY= 566,658,026
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