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Internet Addiction

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Sarah Schanz-Bortman

on 16 April 2013

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Transcript of Internet Addiction

Internet Addiction Sarah Schanz-Bortman Dictionary of Modern Medicine A maladaptive pattern of Internet use, characterized by psychological dependence, withdrawal symptoms when off-line for prolonged periods, loss of control, compulsive behavior, and clinically significant impairment of normal social interactions or distress Social Information Processing Theory Symbolic Interaction Internet addiction can be looked at through a symbolic interaction perspective because the concept of "internet addiction" now defines a situational context with certain behavioral patterns.
Many symbolic interaction perspectives have been crafted around face-to-face communication
Need to reexamine interaction theories to make them relatable to online social interaction New forms of social interaction are being utilized every day
Easy and flexible access to communication available to users 24 hours a day
Power to be anonymous
Increases a user's access to new potential social networks
Allows the user to control their identity and decide how to present themselves to others Identity & Self-Presentation The "self" consists of multiple identities
The manifestation of specific identities is determined by the dynamics of the social situation
Online identities and how you choose to present yourself can be controlled
Fake identities, what information you choose to share
You can be whoever you want to be Online Gaming Social interaction in a virtual space
The rules of social interaction are built
It allows one to play with their identity, remake the self and act out fantasies
Second Life, World of Warcraft, The Sims Raises self-esteem
Profile exposure results in feelings of being loved, supported and connected
Can help socially excluded individuals feel more included
Connects people regardless of geographic constraints Similarities to Online Gambling Online Romances Highest Ranked Online Activities 1. Watching videos
2. Chat rooms
3. Social Networking Sites
4. Online gaming
5. Online Dating Sites Pathological Internet Use (PUI) Online Social Interaction Facebook, Twitter & Other Social Media 1. Cybersexual addiction - Addiction to cyber-pornographic materials and interaction (such as adult chat rooms)
2. Cyber-relationship addiction - Addiction to online friendship which replaces one's relationships with friends and family in real life
3. Net compulsion - Obsessive online activities including online gambling, online auction, and online trading
4. Information overload - Obsessive web surfing or searches of databases
5. Computer addiction - Excessive computer game playing or efforts paid to computer programming Types of Internet Addiction Adverse impact or loss of a significant relationship, job, or educational or career opportunity
Experiencing repeated unsuccessful efforts to control, cut back, or stop
Attempt to cut down or stop leads to restlessness or irritability
Using it as a way to avoid problems or work The Good vs. the Bad Solutions References Cooper, Alvin, and Leda Sportolari. "Romance in Cyberspace: Understanding Online Attraction." Journal of Sex Education & Therapy 22.1 (1997): 7-14. ProQuest. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

Ferrell, Jason D. "A Functional Role of Facebook: Psychological and Social Needs." ProQuest. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

Hanvey, Janaka Eugene. "The Lived Experience of Online Dating." ProQuest. Web. 2 Apr. 2013.

Hargittai, Eszter, and Eden Litt. "The Tweet Smell of Celebrity Success: Explaining Variation in Twitter Adoption among a Diverse Group of Young Adults." New Media & Society 13.5 (2011): 824-42. ProQuest. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

King, Storm A. (1995). “Is The Internet Addictive, or Are Addicts Using The Internet?” World Wide Web. http://rdz.stjohns.edu/~storm/iad.html

Leung, Louis, and Paul S. N. Lee. "Impact of Internet Literacy, Internet Addiction Symptoms, and Internet Activities on Academic Performance." Social Science Computer Review 30.4 (2012): 403-18. ProQuest. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

Schwartz, Madeline. "The Usage of Facebook as it Relates to Narcissism, Self-Esteem and Loneliness." ProQuest. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

Shek D., Sun R., Yu L.: Internet Addiction. In: Pfaff D. (Ed.) Neuroscience in the 21st Century: SpringerReference (www.springerreference.com). Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2013. DOI: 10.1007/SpringerReference_333019 2012-11-19 16:54:48 UTC

Toma, Catalina Laura. "Affirming the Self Online: Motives, Benefits and Costs of Facebook use." ProQuest. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

Turner, J. H. (1998). The Structure of Sociological Theory. (6th ed.). Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company

Wright, Michelle F., and Yan Li. "The Associations between Young Adults' Face-to-Face Prosocial Behaviors and their Online Prosocial Behaviors." Computers in Human Behavior 27.5 (2011): 1959-62. ProQuest. Web. 1 Apr. 2013 "When an interaction situation is isolated from structural constraints, or these structural constraints are ambiguous, individuals will have more options in their choice of an identity” (Turner, 1998)

Each individual is in more control of their identity, giving them a heightened sense of self control and personal satisfaction Salience Hierarchy Becoming a much more acceptable way to meet your partner
Meet a wider variety of compatible partners
Allows freedom from gender constraints
Reduces the importance of physical traits
Specific dating sites can help match people based on certain common interests
New form of speed dating Lack of geographical boundaries allow for people to connect all over the world
Can be a place for those who struggle with face-to-face social situations to feel more comfortable
Easy, unlimited and constant communication However Can reduce motivation to do other things
Can affect physical health, academic performance and family relationships
Anonymity can lead to cyberbullying or other negative interactions Monitor one's own Internet usage
Cut back on time spent online
Balance face-to-face interactions with online interactions
What we're calling an addiction now, may soon become thought of as conventional behavior How an individual's self-identity is constructed based on their perceived membership in a social group
Uses individual social identity to explain group behavior
Explains under what circumstances a person will perceive a collection of people as a group It explains how people develop and maintain online relationships without nonverbal cues
Relationships developed online take more time to develop than face-to-face relationships but can demonstrate the same qualities
The Internet helps to facilitate relationships that would not have formed in the face-to-face world due to personal differences or geographic challenges Social Identity
Theory
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