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Argentina: Legacies of Imperialism
Transcript of Argentina: Legacies of Imperialism
Pre Imperialism The first Spanish conquerors arrived in the area following rumors of the existence of silver mountains. They did not exist.
The Spaniard Juan de Solís landed on the shores of the Plata estuary in 1516, but the natives resisted his conquest intent, killing him and halting the expedition.
The natives continued to fight against the settlement and colonization of their land, and they succeeded until the early 1600's when Buenos Aires was securely established.
Despite this military success, indigenous resistance was weakened by the introduction of diseases from Europe.
Buenos Aires was forbidden to trade with foreign countries, except Spain, and the city became a smuggler's haunt.
The British attacked Buenos Aires in 1806 and 1807, but the colony survived Britain's attacks without any assistance from Spain.
Partnerships with the Argentine natives were not valued.
There was a strong Eurocentric worldview at play in Argentina during colonialism. When the French captured Spain's King Ferdinand VII, Argentina fell completely under the rule of the local viceroyalty, which was highly unpopular.
Many cities deposed the monarchic authorities and appointed new ones, working under the new political ideas.
Buenos Aires deposed the viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros in 1810 and established a local government, during the May Revolution.
The locals rebelled against the viceroyalty and declared their allegiance to the captive king.
By 1816, a deep division between Argentina and its mother country had become apparent.
One of the new patriots, Jose de San Martin, crossed the Andes and captured Lima (an important Spanish stronghold). The Road to Independence The official language in Argentina is Spanish, because of the imperial power that originally colonized them.
Almost 90% of today's Argentinian's are European, with the natives making up only 5% of the populace.
Argentina has a history of economic issues. This is a legacy left beind from imperialism, because the imperial control over a country's economy restricts growth. Also, the country wouldn't know how to operate their own economy.
Argentina has had a long history of civil wars, beginning around the time they gained independence and ending in the late 19th century.
They also faced military coups and political instability during the 20th century.
All of these issues are legacies of imperialism that arose from new independence, lack of experience in running a country, and the struggle for power.
Argentina also shows legacies of imperialism in the popular sports (soccer, polo, field hockey), which are sports that were first introduced to them by the Spanish.
Another legacy of imperialism in Argentina is the Roman Catholic religion, which is practised by almost all of Argentinians. This religion is the traditionally predominant religion in Spain and was introduced to Argentina by the Spanish colonizers. Argentina What European nation colonized Argentina?
SPAIN The Spanish were the first Europeans to land in Argentina, and were also the first to colonize it.
Europeans first arrived in the region in 1502 with the voyage of Amerigo Vespucci.
The Spanish navigator Juan Díaz de Solís visited the territory which is now Argentina in 1516.
In 1536 Pedro de Mendoza established a small settlement at the modern location of Buenos Aires, which was abandoned in 1541.
The Spanish colonial era in Argentina lasted from 1502 to 1810. The Argentinian Flag The earliest traces of human life are dated from the Paleolithic period with traces in the Mesolithic and Neolithic periods.
The area now known as Argentina was relatively sparsely populated until the period of European colonization.
The population consisted of basic hunters and food gatherers until the invention of pottery.
There were numerous nomadic tribespeople with two main indigenous groups. In the northwest, near Bolivia and the Andes, was a people known as the Diaguita, while further south and to the east were the Guarani. The Colonial Experience Juan de Garay-- The second settler of Buenos Aires. Argentina's coat of arms. Lionel Messi is an Argentine soccer player. The dark green section of the map is Argentina, and the light green shows territorial claims. Argentina has a wide range of climates an landscapes due to the latitude that it covers. This is Pope Francis. He is the current pope of the Catholic Church, and was born in Buenos Aires. This is the viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisnero. The patriot, Jose de San Martin.