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Transcript of Great Expectations
Step 1: Call To Adventure
Part 1: Separation:
Step 2: Allies
Step 3: The Preparation
Step 4: Threshold Guardian
Step 5: Crossing The Threshold
Initiation & Transformation
Step 6: The Road of Trials
Step 7: The Saving Experience
Abyss: DeATH & Rebirth!!
Step 8: The Transformation
Step 10: Sharing The gift
Step 9: The Return
Part 3: The Return (To the KNown World)
Pip is unsatisfied with his life, ashamed that he is unworthy of Estella, the beautiful (adopted) daughter of Miss Havisham.
This is because he is not a gentleman, and is of poor social status. He is the nephew of a blacksmith, and will grow up take on the same profession.
After meeting Estella (who constantly ridiculed his behavior, his way of dress. and his speech), Pip realizes he wants to become a gentleman, of higher social status, in order to be with Estella.
ah, young love...
Years pass, and one day Pip comes across a stranger (who he had run into at the Satis House), questioning Mr. Wopsle about details of a murder trial. He introduces himself to Pip and Joe as Jaggers, and he is a lawyer. The three go back to Joe's house, and Jaggers tells Pip that a benefactor has left him a large fortune.
Mr. Jaggers tells
Pip that he must move to London and receive a higher education because he is now of higher social status.
Pip's confidant & friend
an orphan, the same as Pip
tutored Pip in reading, writing, and arithmetic (because he believes that a higher education will help him become a gentleman)
took care of the invalid Mrs. Joe
tries to correct Pop and his emerging proudness and snobby behavior now that he's going to become a gentleman)
Pip's brother-in-law (but basically a father to him)
always had Pip's back (even when his wife, Pip's sister, was hurting/punishing Pip)
*Pip's first "great expectation" is going to be fulfilled, on two conditions:
-He must never change his name.
-He does not get to know who his benefactor is, until the benefactor chooses to reveal his/her identity to him
Pip's biggest supporter
illiterate: can't read or write
a deeper look...
Archetype: The Scapegoat
Analysis: Even though Joe is one of Pip's greates allies, Pip treats him coldly at times, because he is of low status and cannot read or write. As Pip becomes a gentleman, Pip feels that Joe is unworthy of him and his higher social position.
When Pip finds out he is going to be a gentleman, he treats Joe rudely, and asks Biddy to help him be more educated. Pip confesses to Biddy, "Well, Joe is a dear good fellow--in fact, I think he is the dearest fellow that ever lived--but he is rather backward in some things. For instance, Biddy, in his learning and his manners" (
Also, when Estella criticizes his poor status, Pip blames Joe for being a blacksmith instead of a gentleman.
In the future, however, Pip regrets his treatment of Joe, who had been his biggest ally and supporter from the start. Pip acknowledges Joe's loyalty as he thinks, "O dear good Joe, whom I was so ready to leave and so unthankful to, I see you again, with your muscular blacksmith's arm before your eyes, and your broad chest heaving, and your voice dying away. O dear good faithful tender Joe, I feel the loving tremble of your hand upon my arm, as solemnly this day as if it had been the rustle of an angel's wings" (110).
Before he travels to London, Pip first strolls out into the marshes again, where he had first met the convict who made him steal and instill guilt upon himself. He says goodbye to his childhood home, the dull, rural town where he grew up.
He asks Biddy to educate Joe when he's gone, so that he may fit into Pip's new life.
Pip travels into town, where he purchases clothes from the tailor, Mr. Trabb. He also buys hats, boots, and other accessories to suit his new social status.
At night, Pip goes out to dinner with Mr. Pumblechook, letting the man fawn over him.
Pip pays one last visit to Miss Havisham. He informs her that he will not be visiting her anytime soon, as he has come into some money, and going to London to become a gentleman.
She questions him about it, and flaunts him in front of her cousin, Sarah Pocket (who wants Miss Havisham's money).
At the threshold, Pip is hit by an overwhelming amount of guilt and remorse. He regrets the way he treated Joe and Biddy in his last days at his home, and he begins to cry.
As he walks to his coach, he keeps being assaulted by these intense emotions, and considers turning back.
He must reach a decision whether or not to go back.
Soon, it was too late to turn back, and Pip is now on his way to London.
The mists rise as he departs his childhood home (the known).
Pip arrives in London, a busier, larger, and more dangerous place than his hometown.
As Pip explores London, he comes across dirty streets, wandering, inebriated people, gallows, and whipping posts.
Pip is disgusted and slightly fearful of this new place (the unknown).
He must learn to adjust to this new place.
Through his journey of becoming a gentleman, Pip has to face difficult challenges.
Another one of Pip's great expectations is to be with Estella. Since he believes that Miss Havisham was the one who gave him money to become a gentleman, he thinks that she did so in order for him to marry Estella in the future.
a closer look at Miss Havisham and Estella:
Archetype: Terrible Mother
Miss Havisham is the richest person in Pip's town.
She was left at the altar by her husband to be, Compeyson, and cheated out of money by both her brother and her husband-to-be.
Since she was treated cruelly by a man, she raised her adopted child, Estella, to break the hearts of endless men who want to pursue her. She basically ruins Estella's innocence, causing Estella to be unable to return even Miss Havisham's love, the one who had raised her.
When Pip visits them, Miss Havisham constantly tells Estella to "Break their hearts, my pride and hope, break their hearts and have no mercy" (74).
Miss Havisham also lets Pip believe that she is his benefactor, even though she isn't. When Pip confronts her after he learns of his true benefactor, she admits it, and when he accuses her of being unkind, she yells, "'Who am I, cried Miss Havisham, striking her stick upon the floor and flashing into wrath so suddenly that Estella glanced up at her in surprise, 'who am I, for God's sake, that I should be kind" (281).
Because of Miss Havisham cruelty, Pip was led to believe that she meant Estella for him, even though she had no intentions of it whatsoever.
Archetype: The Temptress
Estella is the beautiful but cold, cruel, adopted daughter of Miss Havisham.
All her life, Miss Havisham taught her to be vicious, and to break the hearts of men who try to pursue her.
Despite her hatred of him, Pip falls deeply in love with Estella, and vows to change his social status in order to be worthy of her.
Whenever Pip comes to visit the Satis House, he notices that she always treats him in varying degrees of negativity, as he states, "Sometimes, she would coldly tolerate me; sometimes, she would condescend to me; sometimes, she would be quite familiar with me; sometimes, she would tell me energetically that she hated me" (73).
Because of Estella, Pip comes to believe that social status is the most important aspect of life.
She is what leads him to turn away from Joe and Biddy, and pursue a "better" life in a different place.
Even though he loves her, Pip associated her bad memories of his childhood, of his need to please her. In one passage he says that "Truly it was impossible to dissociate her presence from all those wretched hankerings after money and gentility that had disturbed my boyhood- from all those ill-regulated aspirations that had first made me ashamed of home and Joe..." (184).
To help him adapt to his new life as a gentleman, Pip lives with his tutor's (Matthew Pocket) son, Herbert Pocket.
Archetype: Helper (Loyal Friend)
Pip first meets Herbert as a child, and knew him as the pale young gentleman who had challenged him to fight in the garden of the Satis House.
Years later, when Pip goes to London to become a gentleman, he finds that he was to live with Herbert.
Throughout his stay in London, Herbert helps Pip learn about his new status, and becomes a loyal friend to Pip, listening to his struggles and complaints and offering advice.
When he turns 21 (and now gets an annual sum of money), Pip acknowledges that he had been far from thankful to Herbert, and wants to invest money in him, so that he could get into the merchant/shipping industry. He tells this to Wemmick, in a passage that states, "I alluded to the advantages I had derived in my first rawness and ignorance from his society, and I confessed that I feared I had but ill repaid them..." (231).
As Pip grows and matures, he develops a better sense of self-judgement and reflection. He constantly feels guilty for abandoning Joe and Biddy, and how he treated them before he left.
Herbert is Pip's companion, as he continues to grow and learn to be a gentleman. He sticks by him, through every challenge, and never fails to support him. He even saves Pip's life when Orlick tries to kill him.
Near the end of the novel, when Pip no longer has money to support himself, Herbert offers him a job in his business, and Pip realizes that without Herbert, he would not be living a comfortable life. Pip muses to himself, "We were not in a grand way of business, but we had a good name, and worked for our profits, and did very well. We owed so much to Herbert's ever cheerful industry and readiness..." (377).
When his sister dies, he again feels regret. He regrets letting Orlick be free, when he is sure that Orlick was the one to attack his sister.
Things become complicated, as Magwitch, the convict from the churchyard, shows up at Pip's place. He once again asks for Pip's help, this time to hide him from the authorities and his former accomplice/enemy, Compeyson (the second convict in the marshes and Miss Havisham's former husband-to-be).
Magwitch then reveals that he is Pip's true benefactor.
Archetype: The Wise Old Man
Pip has to learn to look past Magwitch's past, and learn to appreciate what he did for him.
When Magwitch reappears in Pip's life, he reveals that he is the one who gave Pip the money that allowed him to become a gentleman.
Magwitch teaches him that loyalty and love are more important than money and social status. Magwitch, who was of lower class, is generous and caring, compared to his daughter, Estella, who was from a higher class, but is cold and cruel.
Pip fully realizes this lesson while visiting Magwitch in prison, and Magwitch says to him, "'Thank'ee, dear boy, thank'ee. God bless you! You have never deserted me, dear boy...And what's best of all...you've been more comfortable alonger me..." (360).
On a stormy night, a week after Pip's 23rd birthday, he comes knocking on Pip's door, asking to be aided once again.
He is excited at seeing Pip once again, and seeing that he has grown into a gentleman. He reveals that he was the true benefactor as he states, "'Yes, Pip, dear boy, I've made a gentleman on you! It's me wot has done it! I swore that time, sure as ever I earned a guinea, that guinea should go to you. I swore arterewards, sure as ever I spec'lated and got rich, you should get rich. I lived rough, that you should live smooth; I worked hard that you should be above work" (250).
Magwitch sacrificed an easy, comforable life so that Pip could become a gentleman. He wanted to reward Pip for his kindness all those years back, for bringing him food and a file.
Pip also confesses his love to Estella, who rejects him, and says that she is to marry Drummle (Pip's nemesis who also gets tutored by Matthew Pocket).
Before Pip's plan to transport Magwitch out of the country, he receives a mysterious note that tells him to come to a house in the marshes of his hometown, alone, to get information about Uncle Provis (Magwitch).
When Pip enters the place where he is supposed to meet with the mysterious person, he gets ambushed and tied up.
The mystery man turns out to be Orlick, who had lured him there to kill him.
Orlick admits to attacking Mrs. Joe, and stalking Pip, and he worked with Compeyson (who knows Magwitch's escape plan).
As Orlick approaches Pip with a stone hammer, about to kill him, Herbert, Mr. Trabb's (the tailor's) boy, and Startop burst in, saving Pip's life.
After this event, they attempt the escape plan, which fails and Magwitch gets caught by the police (who were tipped off by Compeyson). Compeyson presumably gets drowned by Magwitch in a tussle in the river.
the heroic journey:
(Background and Key Events that occurred)
One night when he was a child, Pip was out in the paying his respects to his parents' graves in the churchyard.
There, he finds an escaped convict, who threatens his life if Pip did not bring him food and a file, or if Pip tells someone that the convict is out in the marshes.
So Pip steals food from their pantry, and a file from his blacksmith brother-in-law, Joe.
Pip is an orphan, and was brought up by his sister Mrs. Joe and her husband Joe.
Pip brings the food and file to the convict, but not before he comes across a second convict, also hiding in the misty marshes.
Later, police come to Pip's house, and ask Joe to help fix some broken handcuffs. They invite Joe, Mr. Wopsle, and Pip to come observe them as they hunt for the two missing convicts in the marshes.
The two convicts are eventually caught. (Pip tries to signal to the first convict that he did not alert the police, and doesn't know if he was successful, because the convict gave him "a look that I did not understand" (Dickens 29).
From this experience, Pip learns to cherish loved ones, because loyalty and friendship is far more important than social status and wealth.
Pip is now changed for the better.
He now loves Magwitch, despite his criminal status, because he had given Pip the opportunity of becoming a gentleman by working hard and living rough.
He also realized that he should make more of an effort to spend time with Biddy and Joe, who had loved him and supported him from the beginning, even though he had often mistreated them.
His expectation of being with Estella is lesser now, and not one of his biggest dreams anymore. He wishes the best for her, even though she had treated him coldly every time they met.
Key Events Continued...
One day, Pip is arranged to go to Miss Havisham's (a wealthy dowager who lived uptown) house, to play with her (adopted) daughter Estella.
This event is a main trigger for Pip's great expectations.
And now, on to Pip's heroic journey.
* Both Biddy and Joe provide Pip with knowledge (lessons in life) to help him in his journey.
Biddy tells Pip that Joe doesn't need to change in order to be worthy of Pip's presence, and that he is fine just the way he is. He should never take the people who care about him for granted.
Joe tells Pip that he should never lie, and he will not become "uncommon" (of higher social status), if he keeps doing so. He also teaches Pip that no one becomes "uncommon" without being "common" first.
Since Magwitch is in prison, and all of his money was taken away, PIp no longer has funds to support himself (he refuses to take Magwitch's money anyway even if it was still available for him).
Pip is now drowning in debt, and is almost taken into prison for it. However, he had fallen ill, so he wasn't arrested, and instead stayed home, bedridden.
Joe comes to London to nurse him back to health. As he recovers, Joe starts treating him more and more formally again. Joe leaves when Pip gets better, but before he leaves he pays all of Pip's debts.
Since Pip has changed, he decides to quit his gentleman life, return home, propose to Biddy, and spend the rest of his life working alongside Joe as a blacksmith.
When he returns, he finds that people do not treat him as well as before, now that he had lost his fortune. He brushes off Mr. Pumblechook, who tries to condescend him for mistreating his loved ones.
He also sees that the Satis House was to be taken down and the land divided.
When Pip searches for Biddy to propose to her, he finds that she was already married, to Joe (that day was her wedding day).
After Pip sees that Joe and Biddy are happily married, he apologizes profusely to them, for treating them badly all those years. He says to them that he loves them, blesses their marriage, and asks for their forgiveness.
Both readily forgive him and they eat and drink, then Pip asks them to accompany him before he leaves.
Pip joins Herbert in his business, and leads a comfortable life for eleven years, thanks to Herbert's good attitude and intelligence (that Pip once thought he didn't possess).
Pip returns to Kent again, and sees that Joe and Biddy had a son, and they named him Pip, hoping that he would grow to be like Pip one day.
Pip tells Biddy that he will not marry, and dismisses her questions of his love for Estella.
He revisits the Satis House once more, that is now completely gone, save for the garden.
There he meets Estella again.
Estella also tells Pip that she had thought about him often, and PIp replies that she will always have a place in his heart. Through long years of suffering, she had learned the extent and worth of his love for her, and she wants to become a better person.
Estella, still as beautiful as ever, is no longer cold and proud. Now, she is just filled with sadness.
She tells Pip that she had owned the land of the Satis House for years, but now she is finally going to let it go.
Because of Pip, and his genuine love of her even though she had put him through so much suffering, she also learns to value others in her life.
In the end, Estella asks to be friends with Pip.
One of the biggest impacts of Pip's maturation is seen through Estella's character development.
This is the end of Pip's Heroic Journey.
now, take a look at how one can learn from his journey of maturation.
From Pip's journey, the lessons in life that he had learned can be applied to our lives as well. Pip learns that being upper class, having a lot of money, and being better educated does not make you more superior, and definetely not better of a person. This is seen in the characters of Magwitch, Joe, Estella, and Miss Havisham. Although Joe and Magwitch were not of high social status, they were loving, generous, and hard-working. On the other hand, Miss Havisham and Estella (even though she came from humble beginnings) were privileged, but they were cold, cruel, and bitter.
Loyalty and friendship are far more important in life, because friends and loved ones will help you through hard times. In our own journeys, we must cherish our families and friends, rather than push them away (like Pip had done to Joe and Biddy), because their love will push us to become better people. Regardless of their education and amount of money, if they have a good heart, then that is all that matters.
As we continue along our own journeys of maturation, we must not allow the opinions of other people to change who we are. In the novel, Pip let Estella's harsh criticisms of his behavior and way of dress affect him, causing him to blame Joe for his poor social status and spark his need to become a gentleman. He believed that by becoming richer and more educated, he would gain Estella's love.
So, we another thing to take from his journey is to be ourselves. Trying to conform to others' ideas of perfection will only hurt us in the long run.
By learning these simple lessons, we can live a happier life, not caring for other people's opinions, because it's our lives, not theirs.
I want to live a better life, surrounded by people who truly care about me, and help me when I need them the most.
Those are MY great expectations.
Archetype: The Terrible Mother
Mrs. Joe is Pip's sister, who took him in with the persuasion of Joe, and raised him when he became an orphan.
Because she has no children of her own, Pip is the first child she has taken care of. However, she sees Pip as a troublemaker, sent to her for disciplining.
Pip describes his sister's treatment of him, in a passage that reads, "I was always treated as if I had insisted on being born in opposition to the dictates of reason, religion, and morality, and against the dissuading arguments of my best friends" (17).
Mrs. Joe treats Pip as though he was put on the Earth to inconvenience her.
along the road of trials..
Helper(s)= Herbert Pocket, Wemmick, Jaggers
Mrs. Joe often punishes him with tar water (a disgusting substance that she forces Pip to drink) and with the Tickler (which is probably some sort of mild torture device).
When Pip asks her questions about what "hulks" were, she replies, "'That's the way with this boy!' exclaimed my sister, pointing me out with her needle and thread, and shaking her head at me. 'Answer him one question, and he'll ask you a dozen directly..." (10).
Mrs. Joe is impatient with Pip, and her temper is short when it comes to his curiosity.
She despises him, and does not treat him as a good mother should.
signs of a temptress