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*Timeline of America*

History Project
by

Canyon Forkash

on 13 May 2014

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Transcript of *Timeline of America*

*Timeline of America*
Canyon J. Forkash
CONSTITUTION IS WRITTEN
July 4, 1776
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America
This is the document that John Adams
Benjamin Franklin
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
George Washington and a few other congressmen wrote to England to declare our independence!
THE CONSTITUTION
May 14, 1787
The Federal Convention convened in the State House (Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on May 14, 1787, to revise the Articles of Confederation.
Set of fundamental principles made by the government, or law suits and privileges given to you voted by the people. What we want or declare, or a set of rights each person has!
AMERICAN REVOLUTION
1775-1783
George Washington in the battle for Boston
War of independence fought between Great Britain and the 13 British colonies on the eastern seaboard of North America. But the war started to brew after Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison began to write the Declaration of Independence.


Birth of a Flag
1777
Our first flag
Continental Congress approves the first official flag
for the united states. Which was only when there where few stars on it since we only had 13 colonies!
Al Qeuda Attacks
9/11/2001
The first tower is struck, and the other tower got struck 10 minutes later!
Al Queda attacks the twin towers in
New York, later on, they attack the Pentagon,
- and hours later another plane crashes into a
field near the Capitol and the WhiteHouse.
World Trade Center is Rebuilt
2014
World Trade Center 2000
In 2014, the workers re-constructing
the World Trade Center determine that
the tower is to be finished
being built by 2014
at some point in the year!
(
)



12,000 B.C


Ocean Covers Beringia
also called Bering Land Bridge,
this used to be a great continent that
was later flooded, which became the pacific
ocean.
9500 B.C
Clovis People
Pre-Historic paleo-indian
culture,these skilled hunters
brought the clovis arrowhead
1500 B.C
The Olmec Civilizations
Start
They lived in the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico, they invented
tabasco using different veriaties of
peppers.
Unit 2
Unit 1
John Cabot Sails to America
1497
A famous Italian Navigator
and Explorer, sailed to
explorer America
1535
Cartier explorers the St. Lawrence River
French navigator Jacques Cartier becomes the first European explorer to discover the St. Lawrence River in present-day Quebec, Canada.
1585
First English settlements at Roanoke

The Roanoke Colony on Roanoke Island in Dare County, present-day North Carolina, United States, was a late-16th-century attempt by Queen Elizabeth the first to establish a permanent English settlement.
Chapter 5
1610
Henry Hudson reaches Hudson Bay

Hudson set off from London in April
to explore the world! He reached a
beautiful bay that is now known as
Hudson Bay
Chapter 6
1607
Jamestown Founded
The Newcomers from
Europe finally settled in
Jamestown, the first colony of America
1620
Pilgrims Settle Plymouth
Early settlers of the Plymouth Colony in present-day Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States. After years at sea they settled into Plymouth to
befriend the Natives
1630
The Great Migration Begins
The Great Migration, the relocation of more than 6 million African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North, Midwest and West. They where driven because of poor economy. They headed for the North to find a place to settle.

1635
Maryland Founded
This year the state of Maryland U.S.A. was
found! Many people migrated to Maryland,
later, part of Maryland split and became
Washington District Columbia [D.C]
1676
Bacon's Rebellion

Bacon's Rebellion was an armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by young Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley.
Ocean Covers Beringia
12,000 B.C
An ancient landform that was later flooded and became the pacific ocean and part of the arctic ocean.

Clovis People
9,500 B.C
Also called the Llano Culture, these ancient indians crossed Beringia and became one of the first North American Indians.

Olmec Civilization Starts
1,500 B.C
The indians of South America, the Olmec, were the first dwelling indians in the south.

Unit 1
Hopewell Culture Starts

500 B.C
Native American culture that flowed around the rivers in the Northern and Midwestern United States.

Teotihuacan built

A.D 300
The pre-Columbian Mesoamerican city located
in the Basin of Mexico, 30 miles northeast of modern-day Mexico City, was built.

Maya Civilization in decline
A.D 900
The Mayan Civilization was vanishing
and nobody really knows why!


Aztecs build Tenochtitlan


A.D 1325
The Aztecs built their own “Artificial Island” called Tenochtitlan. This was the capital city of the Aztec empire.

CHAPTER 1
CHAPTER 2

First Cultures in Nile Valley develop in Nubia and Egypt


The first cultures such as the Nubians, Egyptians,
and the Muslim cultures start to grow.

6000 B.C
Nubians organize kingdom of Kush

750 B.C
The Nubians started to create the new
kingdom which they will call Kush.

First Portuguese trading post in West Africa

1482
The Portuguese trading post opened
up near Elmina Castle.

Moroccans invade Songhai

1591

The Moroccans invade Songhai to try to
get more land for their empire.

CHAPTER 3
Middle Ages Begin
400s
The middle ages begins this day! The middle ages are like with the castles and the knights, but much more realistic :P

Norsemen attack western Europe

800s
Norsemen, otherwise known as Vikings, attack the various cities in western Europe coast to plunder the cities.

Vikings reach North America

1000s
The Vikings reach the North
American Atlantic Ocean coast.

Renaissance begins

1300s
The age known as the Renaissance begins.

Columbus sails to America

1492
Christopher Columbus leaves Western Europe on an expedition to find more land. They eventually find North America, and land on the Atlantic Coastline.

Magellan begins expedition around the world

1519


An Explorer known as Magellan begins to explore the whole world from the waters.
He is off to prove that the world is a giant circle. He manages to sail across the world and end up back where he left off. He set out on a second expedition and never returned, and he wasn’t even found.



CHAPTER 4
Columbus colonizes Hispaniola

1493

Columbus Colonizes what is now
Haiti and Dominican Republic.

Ponce de Leon explores Puerto Rico

1508

Ponce de Leon explorers an island and
colonizes it. He called the island Puerto Rico.

Cortes conquers Mexico

1521

The ruthless conquistador Hernan Cortes
conquers mexico by destroying the Aztec empire.

De Soto reaches Mississippi River

1541

De Soto reaches the Mississippi River and explorers the Mississippi from Wisconsin to all the way down to the Gulf of Mexico.

Santa Fe founded

1609

The state of Santa Fe was founded.

Pueblo Indians force Spanish from New Mexico

1680


Pueblo Indians fight Spanish Conquistadors out of Mexico, they later come back in greater numbers to take over Mexico.


CHAPTER 7
Glorious Revolution in England

1688

Or another name for this battle is the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England! England was battling to overthrow King James II and to Liberate England under a new monarchy.

English Bill of Rights

1689

Act of the Parliament of England passed on 16 December 1s, this bill limits the power of Monarchy and evens out the King and Executive Cheif.

CHAPTER 8
Marquette and Joliet explore the Mississippi

1673

These two explorers reach the Mississippi to
explore and find places to colonate!

La Salle reaches the Gulf of Mexico

1682

La Salle, the spanish explorer reaches the Gulf of Mexico and later travels to Central America.

Seven Years’ War begins

1756

War was a war that took place between 1754 and 1763, war was driven by the antagonism between Great Britain and and the Bourbon Dynasty, because of the lack of trading and unfair rules they fought over trade!

British capture Quebec

1759

Failed English attempt to capture the city during the War of the Grand Alliance or King William's War, Quebec one the war and defended its state.

Treaty of Paris

1763

The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Peace of Paris and the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Britain's victory over France and Spain during the battle of Seven Years!

Unit 3

CHAPTER 9
Proclamation of 1763

1763

King George III following Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian WarSeven Years' War, in which it forbade settlers from settling past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains.

Stamp Act passed

1765

Passed by the British Parliament, the new tax
was imposed on all American colonists and required them to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used.

Townshend Acts passed’

1767

The Townshend Acts were a series of acts passed by the British Parliament, these acts dealt with political standards.

Boston Massacre

1770

The Boston Massacre was the killing of five colonists by British regulars on March 5, 1770. It was the culmination of tensions in the American colonies that had been growing since Royal troops first appeared in Massachusetts in October 1768 to enforce the heavy tax burden imposed by the Townshend Acts.

Boston Tea Party

1773

Disguised as American Indians, the demonstrators hurt no one but destroyed the entire supply of tea sent by the East India Company in defiance of the American boycott of tea carrying a tax the Americans had not authorized.

Intolerable Acts passed

1774

The acts stripped Massachusetts of self-government and historic rights, triggering
outrage and resistance in the Thirteen Colonies. They were key developments in the outbreak of the American Revolution in 1775.

First Continental Congress

1774

Congress voted to cut off colonial trade with Great Britain unless Parliament abolished the Intolerable Acts.

Battles of Lexington and Concord

1775

Capture Colonial leaders Sam Adams and John Hancock, then Concord, where they would seize gunpowder. But spies and friends of the Americans leaked word of Gage's battle plan, and the Americans won the battle of Concord, but lost Lexington.

Second Continental Congress

1775


Argue about general Gages acts on the
Boston Tea Party!

Declaration of Independence adopted

1776


This day, the Declaration of independence has been created and adopted by the Americans.


CHAPTER 10
Battle of Trenton

1776

American Revolutionary War, after General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River north of Trenton, New Jersey. The patriots captured the Hessian soldiers and victoriously won.

Battle of Princeton

1777

The Battle of Princeton was a battle in which General George Washington's revolutionary forces defeated British forces near Princeton, New Jersey.

Battle of Saratoga

1777

The fate of British General John Burgoyne's army in the American War of Independence and are generally regarded as a turning point in the war. Because of this battle, Spain entered the battle against the US.

France joins the war

1778

France enters the war on the American side.

Spain joins the war

Spain joins the war against Britain.

1779

British capture Charleston

1780

On this day, the British capture Charleston.

Articles of Confederation adopted

1781

America adopts the Articles of Confederation, these articles proclaim that America wants to be free from Britain.

Battle of Yorktown

1781


The Siege of Yorktown, this battle, England surrendered to the French.



Treaty of Paris

1783

The treaty ended the revolutionary war between
America and Great Britain.

Ordinance of 1785

1785


The point of this document is that education is necessary to become a good citizen and to
have a strong government. Encouraging kids to go to school, encouraging free religions, and the right to own land.


CHAPTER 11
Shays' Rebellion starts

1786

Shay's Rebellion demonstrated the high degree of internal conflict lurking beneath the surface of post-Revolutionary life. National leaders felt compelled to act to put an end to such popular actions that took place beyond the bounds of law.

Convention held at Annapolis

1786

The formal title of the meeting was a Meeting of Commissioners to Remedy Defects of the
Federal Government. The defects that they were to remedy were those barriers that limited trade or commerce between the largely independent states under the Articles of Confederation.

Constitutional Convention meets

1787

The Constitution Convention Starts today.

Constitution becomes law

1788

The Constitution is declared the “rules of america” and we are now supposed to “do everything the constitution says”.

Bill of Rights added

1791

The bill of rights was added to the constitution.

Unit 4

CHAPTER 12
Washington becomes President

1789

General George Washington becomes our
first american president.

French Revolution Begins

1789

The French Government splits, and slavery is introduced, italy was also apart of the
Revolution until it ended a few years later. (1789)

First Bank of the United States established

1791

The national bank for our government was created in Washington D.C..

Washington re-elected

1792

President George Washington was re-elected and finished his 8 years.

Whiskey Rebellion

1794

20 years after the American Revolution, a small scale rebellion was created between the american citizens and the government. Alexander Hamilton understood that putting down this rebellion was critical to the life of the nation.

John Adams becomes President

1797

John Adams becomes president of the United States

Alien and Sedition Acts

1798

Four Bills that were passed by Federalists in the Fifth U.S. Congress and signed into a law by John Adams. This act gave the president power to deport illegal “aliens” or immigrants.

CHAPTER 13
Jefferson becomes President

1801

Thomas Jefferson is elected as president

Louisiana purchase

1803

Thomas Jefferson Purchases the massive land known as Louisiana from Napoleon Bonaparte.

Lewis and Clark expedition begins

1804

Lewis and Clark begin their exploration to explore the Louisiana Purchase.

Madison becomes President

1809

James Madison becomes the president.

Battle of Tippecanoe

1811

United States forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory and Native American warriors associated with the Shawnee leader Tecumseh.

War with Britain begins

1812

The war between Britain and the United States starts.

British burn Washington, D.C.

1814

The british burn most of Washington, D.C..

Treaty of Ghent

1814

Signed on December 24, 1814 in the Flemish city of Ghent, was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Battle of New Orleans

1815

The final major battle of the War of 1812. American forces, commanded by Major General Andrew Jackson, defeated an invading British Army, under General Edward Pakenham, intent on seizing New Orleans and the vast territory the United States had acquired with the Louisiana Purchase.

CHAPTER 14
Marbury v. Madison

1803

The debate between President James Madison and Marbury lead to a shootout.

Robert Fulton launchers Clermont

1807

Robert Fulton Launchers his ship design that will bring industry to the waters for America.

Adams-Onis Treaty

1819

The Florida Treaty was signed in Washington on February 22, 1819 and ratified by Spain on October 24, 1820 and entered into force February 22, 1821.

Monroe Doctrine

1823

President James Monroe’s 1823 annual message to Congress contained the Monroe Doctrine, which warned European powers not to interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere.

Erie Canal completed

1825

The Erie Canal was completed and was now available as a “highway for boats” which helped making trade faster than ever.

Nat Turner’s Rebellion

Black African American Slave started a rebellion against the United States government proclaiming that Slavery was to be abolished. This was a major battle between many escaped slaves and the police of Virginia.

1831

UNIT 5
CHAPTER 15
Missouri Compromise

1820

Missouri becomes under a huge rebellion on how to impeach the president.

Andrew Jackson becomes President

1829

Andrew Jackson became president and started the Democratic party.

Indian Removal Act

1830

President Andrew Jackson called for the Indian Removal Act. This act authorized him to negotiate with the Native Americans in the Southern United States for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their homelands.

Seminole War begins

1835

The Seminole Wars, or known as the Florida War begins.

Harrison elected President

1840

William Henry Harrison is elected for president.

CHAPTER 16
First public high school opens

1821

The first public high school in america opens in Boston. This high school is called Boston Latin High School.

The Liberator begins publication

1831

The anti slavery newspaper publishes on 1831.

First women’s college opens

1836

Bethlehem Female Seminary, now Moravian College.

Irish potato famine begins

1845

A period of mass hunger and diseases. 1 Million people died in Ireland.

Seneca Falls Convention

1848

Otherwise called the Women's Right Convention, women all over the country try to get the same rights as men do.

Moby-Dick published

1851

The book Moby-Dick was published my Charles Dickens.

Walden published

1854

The magazine Walden was published.

CHAPTER 17
Mexican revolt against Spain begins

1810

The Mexicans revolt against the Spanish control.

Mexican independence

1821

The Mexicans declare their independence from Spain, leading to a revolution.

Texas declares independence

1836

Texas declares independence from Mexico to join the Americans.

Battle of the Alamo

1836

Battle of the Alamo, in Texas leads many American troops death from the Mexican forces.

Battle of San Jacinto

1836

The battle that lasted less than twenty minutes, the Texas Cavalry fought against Mexican army.

Republic of Texas established

1836

Texas forms its own republic and becomes apart of the United States, making Texas a state.

Mormon migration to Utah

1847

Mormons migrate to Utah to settle down for a better life. The mormons came from all over Europe to migrate.

California Gold Rush

1849

Farmers all around California found gold and that sent millions of people around the United States to go to California and look for gold.

Gadsden Purchase

1853


29,670-square-mile area in Arizona and southern New Mexico was purchased from from Mexico.



29,670-square-mile area in Arizona and southern New Mexico was purchased from from Mexico.


Gadsden Purchase
UNIT 6
CHAPTER 18
Compromise of 1850

1850

Also called the “Fugitive Slave Act”, the Fugitive Slave Act made abolitionists all the more resolved to put an end to slavery!

Uncle Tom’s Cabin Published

1852

Uncle Tom’s Cabin was a very popular book on slavery, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Single most significant event leading to the Civil War. This act allowed Kansas and Nebraska to become legally the United States state!

Dred Scott case

Was a slave in the United States who unsuccessfully sued for his freedom

John Brown’s raid

1859

John Brown wanted to abolish slavery! He was one of a few people who protested against the government to abolish slavery!

Confederacy established

1861

The Nation split into two, the United States of America, and the Confederate States of America! North vs. South.

Fort Sumter attacked

1861

Confederate forces around Charleston Harbor opened fire on the Union garrison holding Fort Sumter.

CHAPTER 19
Lincoln becomes President

1861

After winning the election, Abraham Lincoln decides to end slavery and became President of the United States!

Civil War begins

1861

The Civil War, North vs. South, Union vs. Confederate States of America begin!

Virginia and Monitor clash

1862

The two boats the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia fought a 1 on 1 battle! Neither ship was destroyed or took any damage throughout the encounter!

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, this document proclaimed the 10 union states that any slaves that were in it were free!

Gettysburg Address

1863

Abraham Lincoln made a speech called the Gettysburg Address. His speech was for those who fought the bloody battle at Gettysburg Pennsylvania.

Sherman’s march through Georgia

1864

His forces destroyed military targets as well as industry, infrastructure, and civilian property and disrupted the South's economy and its transportation networks. Sherman's bold move of operating deep within enemy territory and without supply lines is considered to be revolutionary in the annals of war.

Confederacy surrenders

1865

The Confederate states of America surrenders, but the slaves are still not free yet!

Lincoln assassinated

1865

John Wilkes Booth shoots Abraham Lincoln in the Ford Theatre! Abraham Lincoln dies a day later from the bullet wound through his head.

CHAPTER 20
1865

Slavery ends this day!

Civil Rights Bill passed

1877

This bill gave african americans along with slaves the ability to have all the same rights as white americans, such as voting and the right to bear arms!

Fourteenth Amendment

1868


Addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response
to issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War.


African Americans gain voting rights

1870

African Americans gain the right to vote for a president or to vote for a governor.

Federal troops leave the South

1877

Northern troops left the south and went back to the capitol.

Tuskegee Institute established

1881


A school for African Americans was established in Washington.


Jim Crow laws passed

1890

A racial segregation passed to keep blacks away from whites and whites away from blacks.

Plessy v. Ferguson decision

1896

Making blacks and whites separate, but equal.
Full transcript